Lichens

List of lichens collected on the E.S. George Reserve. Nomenclature as given in: Hale, M.E., Jr. & W.L. Culberson. 1970. A fourth check-list of the Lichens of the Continental United States and Canada. The Bryologist, 73(3):499-543.


  • Cladina arbuscula (Wallr.) Hale & Culb.(miniature tree lichen)
  • Cladina mitis (Sandst.) Hale & Culb. (soft lichen)
  • Cladina rangiferina (L.) Harm. (reindeer “moss”)
  • Cladonia chlorophaea (Flke. ex Somm.) Spreng. (pixie-cup lichen)
  • Cladonia clavulifera Vain.
  • Cladonia cristatella Tuck. (British soldiers)
  • Cladonia gracilis (L.) Willd. (slender lichen)
  • Cladonia grayi Merr. ex Sandst.
  • Cladonia nemoxynz (Ach.) Nyl.
  • Cladonia pyxidata (L.) Hoffm. (pancakes-in-cup lichen)
  • Cladonia subcariosa Nyl.
  • Cladonia uncialis (L.) Wigg. (shiny reindeer “moss”)
  • Cladonia verticillata (Hoffm.) Schaer. (wedding-cake lichen)
  • Lecidea granulosa (Ehrh.) Ach.
  • Lecidea uliginosa (Schrad.) Ach.
  • Parmelia sulcata Tayl. (furrowed-shield lichen)
  • Peltigera canina (L.) Willd. (dog lichen)

The above list was originally made by F.B. Bevis and E. Dahl.


For more information, also see:

Hale, M.E. 1979. How to know the lichens, 2nd ed. Wm. C. Brown Co., Dubuque, IA. 246 pp.

Medlin, J.J. 1996. Michigan Lichens. Cranbrook Inst. Science Bull. #60, 98 pp. (very nicely illustrated with color photos).

Nash, T.H. III, ed. 1996. Lichen biology. Cambridge University Press, 303 pp.