Selected Publications

Identity Integration: Multiple Identities in Culture, Gender, Work

Hanek, K., Lee, F., & Brannen, M.Y. (2014). Individual Differences Among Global/Multicultural Individuals: Cultural Experiences, Identity, and Adaptation. International Studies of Management and Organizations. Special Issue: Advancing the Field: New Directions for Global Mobility, 44(2), 76-90.

Cheng, C., & Lee, F. (2014). Who is your ingroup? It depends. Biculturalism and ingroup favoritism. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology.

Sanchez-Burks, J., Karlesky, M., & Lee, F. (2014). Psychological bricolage, social identities, and creativity. In C. E. Shalley, M. A. Hitt, & J. Zhou (Eds.) The Oxford Handbook of Creativity, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship. New York: Oxford University Press.

Brannen, M.Y., & Lee, F. (2014). Bridging Cultural Divides: Traversing Organizational and Psychological Perspectives on Multiculturalism. In Y. Y. Hong & V. Benet-Martinez (Eds.), Handbook of Biculturalism, p. 417-437. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cheng, C., Lee, F., Benet-Martinez, V., & Hyunh, Q. (2014). Variations in Multicultural Experience: Influence of Bicultural Identity Integration on Socio-Cognitive Processes and Outcomes. In Y. Y. Hong & V. Benet-Martinez (Eds.), Handbook of Biculturalism, p. 276-299. New York: Oxford University Press.

Nguyen, A., Taylor, R., Chatters, L., Ahuvia, A., Chatkoff, D., Izberk-Blgin, E., & Lee, F. (2013). Mosque-based emotional support among young Muslim Americans. Review of Religious Research, 55, 535-555.

Huff, S., Yoon, C., Lee, F., Gutchess, A. (2013). Self-referential processing and encoding in bicultural individuals. Culture and Brain, 1, 16-33.

Cheng, C., & Lee, F. (2013). The Malleability of Bicultural Identity Integration. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 44(8), 1235-1240.

Guan, M., Lee, F., & Cole, E. (2012). Complexity of Culture: The Role of Identity and Context in Bicultural Individuals’ Body Ideals. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 18(3), 247-257.

Benet-Martínez, V., & Lee, F. (2009). Exploring the socio-cognitive consequences of biculturalism: Cognitive complexity. In A. Gary & K. Milonas (Eds.), From Herodotus Ethnographic Journeys to Cross-Cultural Research. Athens: Pedio Books.

Cheng, C.-Y., & Lee, F. (2009). Multiracial identity integration: Perceptions of conflict and distance among multiracial individuals, Journal of Social Issues, 65, 51-68.

Sacharin, V., Lee, F., & Gonzalez, R. (2009). Identities in harmony? Gender-work identity integration moderates frame-switching in cognitive processing. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 33, 275-284.

Sanchez-Burks, J., & Lee, F. (2009). The Elusive Search for a Positive Relational Identity: Grappling with Multiplicity and Conflict. In L. M. Morgan & J. E. Dutton (Eds.), Exploring Positive Identities and Organizations: Building and Theoretical and Research Foundation. New York: Psychology Press.

Cheng, C., Darling, E., Lee, F., Molina, K., Sanchez-Burks, J., Sanders, M., & Zhao, Y. (2008). Reaping the rewards of diversity: The role of identity integration. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2(3), 1182-1198.

Cheng, C., Sanchez-Burks, J., & Lee, F. (2008). Connecting the dots within: Identity integration and innovation. Psychological Science, 19(11), 1178-1184.

Cheng, C., Sanchez-Burks, J., & Lee, F. (2008). Taking advantage of differences: Increasing team innovation through identity integration. In K. Phillips (Ed.) Research on Managing Groups and Teams, 11, 55-74.

Darling, E., Molina, K., Sanders, M., Lee, F., & Zhao, Y. (2008). Belonging and Achieving: The Role of Identity Integration. Advances in Motivation and Achievement: Social Psychological Perspective on Motivation and Achievement, 15, 241-273.

Cheng, C., Lee, F., & Benet-Martinez, V. (2006). Assimilation and Contrast Effects in Cultural Frame Switching (CFS): Bicultural Identity Integration (BII) and Valence of Cultural Cues. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 37(6), 1-19.

Benet-Martinez, V., Lee, F., & Leu, J. (2006). Describe your culture: Cultural representations in biculturals. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 37(4), 386-407.

Benet-Martinez, V., Leu, J., Lee, F., & Morris, M. (2002). Negotiating biculturalism: Cultural priming in blended and alternating Chinese-Americans. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 33(5), 492-516.


Power and Organizations

Barker, B., Lee, F., & Tiedens, L. (2010). Power becomes you: The implicit and explicit effects of power on the self. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes.

Sandoval, B., & Lee, F. (2006). Organizational norms and help seeking: Individualism and Collectivism. In S. Karabenick and R. Newman (Eds.), New Directions in Help Seeking. Lawrence Erlbaum: NY.

Lee, F., & Peterson, C., & Tiedens, L. (2004). Mea culpa: Predicting stock prices from organizational attributions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30(12), 1-14.

Lee, F., Edmondson, A., Thomke, S., & Worline, M. (2004). The mixed effects of inconsistency on experimentation in organizations. Organization Science, 15(3), 310-326.

Wells, R., Lichtenstein, R., Alexander, J., & Lee, F. (2003). Identifying leadership on the front lines: Demography and integration within US psychiatric treatment teams. In S. Dopson and A. Mark (Eds.) Leading Healthcare Organizations, p. 30-50. Palgrave Macmillan: UK

Lee, F., Caza, A., Edmondson, A., & Thomke, S. (2003). New knowledge creation in organizations. In K. Cameron, J. Dutton, & R. Quinn (Eds.), Positive Organizational Scholarship, p. 194-206. San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler Publishers.

Lee, F., & Tiedens, L. (2001). Is it lonely at the top? Independence and interdependence of power-holders. In B. Staw and R. Sutton (Eds.), Research in Organizational Behavior, Vol. 23, p. 43-91.

Lee, F., & Tiedens. L. (2001). Who’s being served? “Self-serving” attributions in social hierarchies. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 84(2), 254-287

Lee, F. (2002). The social costs of seeking help. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 38(1), 17-35.

Lee, F. (2001). The fear factor. Harvard Business Review, 79(1), p. 29-30.

Lee, F., & Robinson, R. (2000). An attributional analysis of social accounts: Implications of playing the blame game. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30(9), 1853-1879.

Lee, F. (1999). Verbal strategies for seeking help in organizations. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29(7), 1472-1496.

Lee, F. (1997). When the going gets tough, do the tough ask for help? Help seeking and power motivation in organizations. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 72(3), 336-363.

Estrada, M., Brown, J., & Lee, F. (1995). Who gets the credit? A measure of idiosyncrasy credit in workgroups. Small Group Research, 26(1), 56-76.

Lee, F. (1993). Being polite and keeping MUM: How bad news is communicated in organizational hierarchies. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 23, 1124-1149.



Huff, S., & Lee, F. (in press). People and Country: A Psychological and Contextual Perspective in Perceived Norms and Cultural Transmission. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology.

Sanchez-Burks, J., Lee, F., Nisbett, R., & Ybarra, O. (2007). Cultural training based on a theory of relational ideology. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 29(3), 257-268.

Sanchez-Burks, J., & Lee, F, (2007). Cultural psychology of workways. In S. Shinobu and D. Cohen (Eds.), Handbook of Cross Cultural Psychology. Lawrence Erlbaum: NY.

Sanchez-Burks, J., Lee, F., Choi, I., Nisbett, R., Zhao, S., & Koo, J. (2003). Conversing across oceans and cultural ideologies: Three studies on ascetic protestant ideology and east-west communication styles. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 363-372.

Hallahan, M., Lee, F., & Herzog, T. (1997). It’s not just whether you win or lose it is also where you play the game: Cross cultural differences in the positivity bias. Journal of Cross Cultural Psychology, 28, 768-778.

Lee, F., Hallahan, M., & Herzog, T. (1996). Explaining real life events: How culture and domain shape attributions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22(7), 732-741.

Ambady, N., Koo, J., Lee, F., & Rosenthal, R. (1996). More than words: Universals of linguistic and nonlinguistic communication of politeness in two cultures. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70(5), 996-1101.


Peterson, C., Stephens, J., Park, N., Lee, F., & Seligman, M. (2009). Strengths of character and work. In P. A. Linley, S. Harrington, & N. Page (Eds.), Handbook of Positive Psychology and Work. New York: Oxford University Press.

Peterson, C., Lee, F., & Seligman, M. (2003). Optimism. In R. Fernandez-Ballesteros (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychological assessment, p. 646-649. London: Sage Publication.

Lee, F., & Hallahan, M. (2001). Do situational expectations produce situational inferences? The role of future expectations in directing inferential goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80(4), 545-556.

Peterson, C., & Lee, F. (2000). Reading between the lines. Psychology Today, Sept/Oct 2000, 50-51.

Lee, F. & Peterson, C. (1997). Content analysis of archival data. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 65(6), 959-969.

Lee, F., Teich, J., Spurr, C., & Bates, D. (1996). Implementation of physician order entry: User satisfaction and usage patterns. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 3(1), 42-55.