Categorized as Terms


Alex Dika Seggerman

Related Terms:

  • Hurufiyya
  • Nahda
  • Saqqakhana

Related Khamseen Videos:

Negar Habibi, “The Depiction of European Women in Late Safavid Paintings,” Khamseen: Islamic Art History Online, published 9 February 2021.

Emily Neumeier, “The Paintings of Osman Hamdi Bey,” Khamseen: Islamic Art History Online, published 28 August 2020.


Beaulieu, Jill, and Mary Roberts, eds. Orientalism’s Interlocutors: Painting, Architecture, Photography. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2002.

Foucault, Michel. Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison. Translated by Alan Sheridan. New York: Pantheon Books, 1977.

Roberts, Mary. Intimate Outsiders: The Harem in Ottoman and Orientalist Art and Travel Literature. Durham: Duke University Press, 2007.

Said, Edward. Culture and Imperialism. New York: Vintage Books, 1994.

Said, Edward. Orientalism. New York: Pantheon Books, 1978.


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Alex Dika Seggerman, “Orientalism,” Khamseen: Islamic Art History Online, published 3 September 2021.

Alex Dika Seggerman is Associate Professor of Islamic Art History in the Department of Arts, Culture and Media at Rutgers University-Newark. She is the author of Modernism on the Nile: Art in Egypt between the Islamic and the Contemporary (UNC Press, 2019) and co-editor of Making Modernity in the Islamic Mediterranean (Indiana University Press, 2022).