BOOKS (Poetry):

  • Machines for Breathing (New and Selected Poems, Bulgarian translation). Sofia, Bulgaria: DA Poetry Publishing, 2018.
  • Prodigal: New and Selected Poems. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2015.
  • The Selvage (poems). Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2012.
  • Magnetic North (poems). Boston and New York:  Houghton Mifflin, 2007.
  • Waterborne (poems).  Boston and New York:   Houghton Mifflin, 2002.
  • The Woman Who Died in Her Sleep (poems).  Boston:   Houghton Mifflin, 1996.
  • Fire in the Conservatory (poems). Port Townsend, Washington:  Dragon Gate Press, 1982.

BOOKS (Criticism):

  • Empires of God: Religious Encounters in the Early Modern Atlantic World, co-edited with Susan Juster.  Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.
  • Negative Capability:  Contemporary American Poetry. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2001.
  • The Reformation of the Subject:  Spenser, Milton, and the English Protestant Epic.   Cambridge:   Cambridge University Press, 1995.


  • Untitled (poems)
  • The Social Life of Poems (essays)


  • “Thinking about Thinking in Marianne Moore,” Little Star 6, December 2014: 190-200.
  • “Milton and the Tragedy of Nations,” PMLA, October 2014: 672-87.
  • “Open Voicing: Wyatt and Shakespeare,” The Oxford Handbook of Shakespeare’s Poetry, ed. Jonathan Post. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, pp. 151-67.
  • “Spenser Up Close: Temporality in The Faerie Queene,” Shakespeare Up Close: Reading Early Modern Texts, ed. Russ McDonald, Nicholas D. Nace, and Travis D. Williams. London: Bloomsbury/Arden/Methuen, 2012, 27-37. Revised and expanded version published as “Telling Time:  Temporality in The Faerie Queene,” The Spenser Review 1 (2012).
  • “The 1590 Faerie Queene,” The Oxford Handbook of Edmund Spenser, ed. Richard McCabe. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010, 198-217.
  • “Ode and Empire,” Triquarterly 129 (2007): 9-19. Rpt. in Radiant Lyre: Essays on Lyric Poetry, David Baker and Ann Townsend (St. Paul: Graywolf Press, 2007), 117-28. Poetry Daily (January 29, 2008).
  • “Spenser’s Georgic,” Spenser Studies XXII (2007): 185-201.
  • “Life among Others,” Virginia Quarterly Review 83, No 1(Winter 2007): 204-17.  in   Radiant Lyre: Essays on Lyric Poetry, ed. David Baker and Ann Townsend (St. Paul: Graywolf Press, 2007), 206-18.
  • “Mortal Time,” in Radiant Lyre: Essays on Lyric Poetry, David Baker and Ann Townsend (St. Paul:  Graywolf Press, 2007), 247-63.
  • “Emerging Likeness: Spenser’s Mirror Sequence of Love,” rpt of The Reformation of the Subject, chapter 1, in Literature Criticism from 1400 to 1800, Vol 117 (2005).
  • “Rhetorical Contract and the Lyric Poem,” The Kenyon Review 28, No. 2 (Spring 2006): 161-77. Rpt. in Poetry Criticism 86 (2008) and, as “Rhetorical Contract in the Erotic Poem,” in  Radiant Lyre: Essays on Lyric Poetry, David Baker and Ann Townsend (St. Paul: Graywolf Press, 2007), 39-55.
  • “The Sixteenth Century,” Longman Anthology of Poetry, ed. Lynne McMahon and Averill Curdy.  New York: Longman, 2006, 89-102.
  • “The Gay Sublime,” The Georgia Review LVIII, Number 2 (Summer 2004): 310-17. Rpt. in Radiant Lyre: Essays on Lyric Poetry, David Baker and Ann Townsend (St. Paul: Graywolf Press, 2007), 175-82.
  • “Anatomizing Death,” in Imagining Death in Spenser and Milton, ed. Elizabeth Jane Bellamy, Patrick Cheney, and Michael Schoenfeldt.  Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire and New York:   Palgrave Macmillan, 2003, 95-115.
  • “French Marriages and the Protestant Nation in Shakespeare’s History Plays,” in The Blackwell Companion to Shakespeare’s Works; Volume II: The Histories, ed. Richard Dutton and Jean E. Howard. Oxford: Blackwell, 2003, 246-62.
  • “The Sower against Gardens,” The Kenyon Review NS 23, No. 1 (Winter 2001): 115-33.   in Contemporary Literary Criticism 160 (2002), in Critical Essays on Louise Glück, ed. Joanne Feit Diehl.   Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2005, 28-47, and in Contemporary Poets, New Edition (Modern Critical Views), ed. Harold Bloom. New York: Chelsea House, 2010, 109-27.
  • “The Commonwealth of the Word:  New England, Old England, and the Praying Indians,” in British Identities and English Renaissance Literature, ed. David J. Baker and Willy Maley.   Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002, 178-93. Rptd. in Empires of God: Religious Encounters in the Early Modern World, ed. Linda Gregerson and Susan Juster. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011, 70-83.
  • “The Secrets of Princes:  Sexual Scandal and the Tudor Court,” in Das Geheimnis am Beginn der europäischen Moderne, ed..Gisela Engel, Brita Rang, Klaus Reichert, and Heide Wunder. Frankfurt:   Vittorio Klostermann Verlag, 2002, 130-41.
  • “Ben Jonson and the Loathèd Word,” in Green Thoughts, Green Shades: Contemporary Poets on the Early Modern Lyric, ed. Jonathan Post.  Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002, 86-108.
  • “Sexual Politics,” in The Cambridge Companion to Spenser, ed. Andrew Hadfield.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001, 180-99.
  • “Colonials Write the Nation: Spenser, Milton, and England on the Margins,” in Milton and the Imperial Vision, ed. Balachandra Rajan and Elizabeth Sauer. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 1999, 169-90.   in Edmund Spenser: Essays on Culture and Allegory, ed. Jennifer Klein Morrison and Matthew Greenfield.   London: Ashgate, 2000, 89-105.
  • “A Colonial Writes the Commonwealth:  Milton’s History of Britain,” Prose Studies 19, No. 3 (December 1996): 247-54.
  • “Native Tongues:  Effeminization, Miscegenation, and the Construction of Tudor Nationalism,” Mitteilungen des Zentrums zur Erforschung der Frühen Neuzeit, No. 3 (June 1995) (Frankfurt:   Renaissance Institute, Johann Wolfgang Goethe Universität, 1995): 18-38.    as “Zur Konstruktion des Nationalen in der Tudorzeit:   Die Re-Formation des Subjekts,” Bilder der nation:   Kulturelle und politische Konstruktionen des Nationalen am Beginn der europäeischen Moderne, ed. Gisela Engel and Uli Bielefeld.   Hamburg: Verlag Edition (Hamburger institut fuer Sozialforschung), 1998, 231-64.
  • “Narcissus Interrupted:  Specularity and the Subject of the Tudor State,” Criticism 35, No. 1 (Winter 1993): 1-40.
  • “Protestant Erotics:  Idolatry and Interpretation in Spenser’s Faerie Queene,” ELH 58, No. 1 (Spring 1991): 1-34.
  • “Negative Capability: Mark Strand,” Parnassus:  Poetry in Review 9, No. 2 (1981): 90-114.    in   Contemporary Poets, ed. Harold Bloom (New Haven:   Chelsea House, 1986), 371-93, and in Poetry Criticism 63, 2005.
  • “The Limbs of Truth: Milton’s Use of Simile in Paradise Lost,”   Milton Studies 14 (1980): 135-52.