Democratising Beauty in Nineteenth-Century Britain: Art and the Politics of Public Life (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017; paperback edition, 2019).

Physiognomy and the Meaning of Expression in Nineteenth-Century Culture (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001; paperback edition, 2006).



Edited Books

History of British Women's Writing The History of British Women’s Writing, 1830-1880 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018).


Articles and Essays

“From the Local to the Colonial: Toynbee Hall and the Politics of Poverty,” Victorian Studies 61.2 (forthcoming 2019): 278-288.

“Democracy Redux: Alexis de Tocqueville’s Democracy in America (1835-40),” in BRANCH: Britain, Representation and Nineteenth-Century History, ed. Dino Franco Felluga, Extension of Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net (forthcoming).

“Beauty,” Journal of Victorian Literature and Culture 46.3/4 (2018): 584-587.

“Art, Independence, and Capital,” in The History of British Women’s Writing, 1830-1880, ed. Lucy Hartley (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018), 264-281.

“Introduction: The ‘Business’ of Women Writing,” in The History of British Women’s Writing, 1830-1880, ed. Lucy Hartley (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018), 1-20.

“‘How to Observe’: Charles Eastlake and a New Professionalism for the Arts,” Journal of Art Historiography 18 (2018): 261-281.

“Experimenting with Public Opinion,” NOVEL: A Forum on Fiction 50.1 (2017): 141-145.

“Art,” in The Cambridge Companion to John Ruskin, ed. Francis O’Gorman (Cambridge University Press, 2015), 83-99. Winner of the

“John Stuart Mill,” in Oxford Bibliographies in Victorian Literature, ed. Juliet John (Oxford University Press, 2013).

“Democracy at the Crossroads: Tocqueville, Mill, and the Conflict of Interests,” in The American Experiment and the Idea of Democracy in British Culture, 1776-1914, ed. Ella Dzelainis and Ruth Livesey (Ashgate Press, 2013), 101-126.

“Aesthetic Theories,” in The Oxford History of the Novel in English. Volume 3: The Nineteenth-Century Novel 1820-1880, ed. John Kucich and Jenny Bourne Taylor (Oxford University Press, 2011), 322-340.

“War and Peace, or, Governmentality as the Ruin of Democracy,” in Rethinking Foucault in an Age of Terror, ed. Stephen Morton and Stephen Bygrave (Palgrave Macmillan, 2008), 131-155.

“Intellectual History and Art History,” in The Palgrave Guide to Intellectual History, ed. Brian Young and Richard Whatmore (Palgrave Macmillan, 2006), 65-91.

“Constructing the Common Type: Physiognomic Norms and the Notion of ‘Civic Usefulness,’ from Lavater to Galton.,” in Histories of the Normal and the Abnormal: Social and Cultural Histories of Norms and Normativity, ed. Waltraud Ernst (Routledge, 2006), 101-121.

“A Science for One or a Science for All? Physiognomy, Self-Help and the Practical Benefits of Science,” in Repositioning Victorian Sciences: Shifting Centres in Nineteenth-Century Scientific Thinking, ed. David Clifford, Elisabeth Wadge, Alex Warwick, and Martin Willis (Anthem Press, 2006), 71-84.

“Putting the Drama into Everyday Life: The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood and a Very Ordinary Aesthetic,” Journal of Victorian Culture 7.2 (2002): 173-195.

“Physiognomy,” in The Oxford Companion to the Body, ed. Colin Blakemore and Sheila Jennett (Oxford University Press, 2001).

“A Science of Beauty? Femininity, Fitness, and the Physiognomic Tradition in Mid-Nineteenth Century Britain,” Women: A Cultural Review 12 (2001): 19-31.

“Conflict not Conversation: The Defeat of Dialogue in Bakhtin and De Man,” New Formations 41 (2000): 71-82.

“‘Griffinism, Grace and All’: The Riddle of the Grotesque in John Ruskin’s Modern Painters,” in Victorian Culture and the Idea of the Grotesque, ed. David Amigoni, Paul Barlow, and Colin Trodd (Scolar Press, 1999), 81-95.

“‘I wonder what a chimpanzee would say to this?’” Journal of Victorian Culture 3 (March 1998): 123-128.

“‘The Sign in the Eye of What is Known to the Hand’: Visualising Expression in Charles Bell’s Essays on Anatomy,” Textual Practice 10 (1996): 83-121.


Book Reviews

Richard Adelman, Idleness and Aesthetic Consciousness, 1815-1900, in Modern Philology 117.1 (forthcoming 2019).

 Malcolm Quinn, Utilitarianism and the Art School in Nineteenth-Century Britain, in Victorian Studies37.3 (Spring 2015): 537-539.

G. Gabrielle Starr, Feeling Beauty: The Neuroscience of Aesthetic Experience, in Modern Philology 112.4 (April 2015): 280-283.

Sharrona Pearl, About Faces: Physiognomy in Nineteenth-Century Britain, in Gender and History23.2 (July 2011): 463-465.

Maria H. Frawley,Invalidism and Identity in Nineteenth-Century Britain, in Modern Philology 105.2(November 2007): 396-399.

Jonathan Smith, Charles Darwin and Victorian Visual Culture, in Victorian Studies49.4 (Summer 2007): 714-716.

Nicola Bown, Fairies in Nineteenth-Century Art and Literature, and Pamela Thurschwell. Literature, Technology, and Magical Thinking, 1880-1920, in Notes and Queries248 (March 2003): 139-141.

Marcia Pointon, Strategies of Showing: Women, Possession, and Representation, in Women and Cultural Review 10 (January 1999): 105-107.

Elisabeth Helsinger, Rural Scenes and National Representation: Britain 1815-1850, in Nineteenth Century Literature 53 (December 1998): 393-396.


Art Criticism

“The Jellyfish and the Pentagram: Reflections on beauty as longing and renewal.” Essay commissioned for Browsing Beauty by Andrea Sunder-Plassmann and Sigi Torinus (Ontario: Thames Art Gallery, The Robert McLaughlin Gallery, and the WKP Kennedy Gallery, 2010), 5-13.

“Refrangibility or Refracting the Human Subject.” Essay commissioned for Beverly Fishman: Optical Unconscious. The Tarble Arts Center: 23 August-12 October 2008 (Eastern Illinois University Press, 2008).

“Strategies of Interpretation: in and out of the frame–‘Unknown man, formerly known as Johann Zoffany, Unknown artist, 1761, oil on canvas, 527x413mm, NPG399’.” Essay commissioned for Knowing the Unknown Sitter, ed. Nicky Bird and Lara Perry (2005).