Mark S. Mizruchi, The Structure of Corporate Political Action: Interfirm Relations and Their Consequences, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1992, 299 pp.
Dust Jacket Blurb: (click here for testimonials)
Are large American corporations politically unified or divided? This question, which has important implications for the viability of American democracy, has frustrated social scientists and political commentators for decades. Despite years of increasingly sophisticated research, resolution of this issue remains as elusive as ever.
In this important new book, Mark S. Mizruchi presents and tests an original model of corporate political behavior. He argues that because the business community is characterized by both unity and conflict, the key issue is not whetherbusiness is unified but the conditions under which unity or conflict occurs.
Adopting a structural model of social action, Mizruchi examines the effects of factors such as geographic proximity, common industry membership, stock ownership, interlocking directorates, and interfirm market relations on the extent to which firms behave similarly. The model is tested with data on the campaign contributions of corporate political action committees and corporate testimony before Congress. Mizruchi finds that both organizational and social network factors contribute to similar behavior and that similar behavior increases a group’s likelihood of political success.
This study demonstrates that rather than making their political decisions in a vacuum, firms are influenced by the social structures within which they are embedded. The results establish for the first time that the nature of relations between firms has real political consequences.
The Structure of Corporate Political Action will be of interest not only to social scientists but to anyone concerned with the future of American democracy.
Note: The data from this study are available on this website.