Peer Reviewed Journal Articles

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , and J. D. Aber. 1982. Ecosystems and soil nitrogen: A critical interaction identified. Restoration and Management Notes 1(2):9-10.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , J. D. Aber and J. M. Melillo. 1983. Leaf-litter production and soil organic matter dynamics along a nitrogen availability gradient in southern Wisconsin (USA). Canadian Journal of Forest Research 13:12-21.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , J. D. Aber and J. M. Melillo. 1984. Seasonal patterns of ammonium and nitrate uptake in nine temperate forest ecosystems. Plant and Soil 80:321-335.

•  Aber, J. D., J. M. Melillo, K. J. Nadelhoffer , C. McClaugherty and J. Pastor. 1985. Fine root turnover in forest ecosystems in relation to quantity and form of nitrogen availability. A comparison of two methods. Oecologia 66(3):317-321.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , J. D. Aber and J. M. Melillo. 1985. Fine root production in relation to net primary production along a nitrogen availability gradient in temperate forests: A new hypothesis. Ecology 66:1377-1390.

•  Binkley, D., J. D. Aber, J. Pastor and K. J. Nadelhoffer . 1986. Nitrogen availability patterns in some Wisconsin forests: A comparison of resin bags and on site incubations. Biology and Fertility of Soils 2:77-82.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , and B. Fry. 1988. Controls on natural nitrogen-15 and carbon-13 abundances in forest soil organic matter. Soil Science Society of America Journal 52(5):1633-1640.

•  Aber, J. D., K. J. Nadelhoffer , P. A. Steudler and J. M. Melillo. 1989. Nitrogen saturation in forest ecosystems. BioScience 39:378-386.

•  Melillo, J. M., J. D. Aber, A. E. Linkins, A. R. Turner, B. Fry and K. J. Nadelhoffer . 1989. Carbon and nitrogen dynamics along the decay continuum: Plant litter to soil organic matter. Plant and Soil 115:189-198.

•  Raich, J. W., and K. J. Nadelhoffer . 1989. Belowground carbon allocation in forest ecosystems: Global trends. Ecology 70:1346-1354.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. 1990. A microlysimeter for measuring N mineralization and microbial respiration in aerobic soil incubations. Soil Science Society of America Journal 54:411-415.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , A. E. Giblin, G. Shaver, and J. Laundre. 1991. Effects of temperature and organic matter quality on C, N and P mineralization in soils from arctic ecosystems. Ecology 72:242-253.

•  Aber, J. D., J. M. Melillo, K. J. Nadelhoffer , J. Pastor and R. Boone. 1991. Factors controlling nitrogen cycling and nitrogen saturation in northern temperate forest ecosystems. Ecological Applications 1:303-315.

•  Giblin, A. E., K. J. Nadelhoffer , G. R. Shaver, J. Laundre and A. McKerrow. 1991. Biogeochemical diversity along a topographic gradient in a tundra landscape. Ecological Monographs 61:415-436.

•  McLellan, T., J. D. Aber, J. Melillo and K. J. Nadelhoffer . 1991. Determination of nitrogen, lignin and cellulose content of decomposing leaf litter by near infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 21:1684-1688.

•  McLellan, T., M. E. Martin, J. D. Aber, J. M. Melillo, K. J. Nadelhoffer , B. Dewey and J. Pastor. 1991. Comparison of wet chemical and near infrared reflectance measurements of carbon fraction chemistry and nitrogen content of forest foliage. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 21:1689-1693.

•  Rastetter, E. B., M. G. Ryan, G. R. Shaver, J. M. Melillo, K. J. Nadelhoffer , J. E. Hobbie and J. D. Aber. 1991. A general biogeochemical model describing the responses of the C and N cycles in terrestrial ecosystems to changes in CO 2 , climate, and N deposition. Tree Physiology 9:101-126.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , and J. W. Raich. 1992. Fine root production estimates and belowground carbon allocation in forest ecosystems. Ecology 73:1139-1147.

•  Shaver, G. R., W. D. Billings, F. S. Chapin, A. E. Giblin, K. J. Nadelhoffer , W. C. Oechel and E. B. Rastetter. 1992. Global change and the carbon balance of arctic ecosystems. BioScience 42:433-441.

•  Bowden, R. D., K. J. Nadelhoffer , R. D. Boone, J. M. Melillo and J. B. Garrison. 1993. Contributions of aboveground litter, belowground litter, and root respiration to total soil respiration in a temperate mixed hardwood forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23:1402-1407.

•  Downs, M. R., K. J. Nadelhoffer , J. M. Melillo and J. D. Aber. 1993. Foliar and fine root nitrate reductase activity in seedlings of four forest tree species in relation to nitrogen availability. Trees: Structure and Function 7:233-236.

•  Hendricks, J. J., K. J. Nadelhoffer and J. D. Aber. 1993. The role of fine roots in energy and nutrient cycling. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 8:174-178.

•  Kahl, J. S., S. A. Norton, I. J. Fernandez, K. J. Nadelhoffer , C. T. Driscoll and J. D. Aber. 1993. Experimental inducement of nitrogen saturation at the watershed scale. Environmental Science and Technology 23:565-568.

•  Giblin, A. E., J. A. Laundre, K. J. Nadelhoffer and G. R. Shaver. 1994. Measuring nutrient availability in arctic soils using ion exchange resins: A field test. Soil Science Society of America Journal 58:1154-1162.

•  Mitchell, M. J., M. B. David, I. J. Fernandez, R. D. Fuller, K. J. Nadelhoffer , L. E. Rustad and A. C. Stam. 1994. Response of buried mineral soil bags to experimental acidification of a forest ecosystem. Soil Science Society of America Journal 58:556-563.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , M. Downs, B. Fry, J. D. Aber, A. H. Magill and J. M. Melillo. 1995. The fate of 15 N-labelled nitrate additions to a northern hardwood forest in eastern Maine, USA. Oecologia 103:292-301.

•  Aber, J. D., A. Magill, S. G. McNulty, R. D. Boone, K. J. Nadelhoffer , M. Downs and R. Hallett. 1995. Forest biogeochemistry and primary production altered by nitrogen saturation. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 85:1665-1670.

•  Chapin, F. S. III, G. R. Shaver, A. E. Giblin, K. G. Nadelhoffer and J. A. Laundre. 1995. Responses of Arctic tundra to experimental and observed changes in climate. Ecology 76:694-711.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. , G. Shaver, B. Fry, A. Giblin, L. Johnson and R. McKane. 1996. 15 N natural abundances and N use by tundra plants. Oecologia 107:386-394.

•  Downs, M. R., K. J. Nadelhoffer , J. M. Melillo and J. D. Aber. 1996. Immobilization of a 15 N labelled nitrate addition by decomposing forest litter. Oecologia 105:141-150.

•  Johnson, L. C., G. R. Shaver, A. Giblin, K. Nadelhoffer , E. Rastetter, J. Laundre and G. Murray. 1996. Effects of enhanced drainage and elevated temperature on carbon balance of tussock tundra microcosms. Oecologia 108:737-748.

•  Magill, A. H., M. R. Downs, K. J. Nadelhoffer , R. A. Hallett and J. D. Aber. 1996. Forest ecosystem response to four years of chronic nitrate and sulfate additions at Bear Brooks Watershed, Maine, USA. Forest Ecology and Management 84:29-37.

•  Rustad, L. E., I. J. Fernandez, M. B. David, M. J. Mitchell, K. J. Nadelhoffer and R. B. Fuller. 1996. Experimental soil acidification and recovery at the Bear Brook Watershed in Maine (BBWM). Soil Science Society of America Journal, 60:1933-1943.

•  Shaver, G. R., J. A. Laundre, A. E. Giblin and K. J. Nadelhoffer . 1996. Changes in vegetation biomass, primary production, and species composition along a riverside toposequence in arctic Alaska. Arctic and Alpine Research 28:363-379.

•  Williams, M., E. B. Rastetter, D. N. Fernandes, M. L. Goulden, S. C. Wofsy, G. R. Shaver, J. M. Melillo, J. W. Munger, S.-M. Fan and K. J. Nadelhoffer . 1996. Modelling the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum in a Quercus-Acer stand at Harvard Forest: the regulation of stomatal conductance by light, nitrogen and soil/plant hydraulic properties. Plant, Cell and Environment 19:911-927.

•  Hendricks, J. J., K. J. Nadelhoffer and J. D. Aber. 1997. A 15 N tracer technique for assessing fine root production and turnover. Oecologia 112:300-304.

•  Jordan, M. J., K. J. Nadelhoffer and B. Fry. 1997. Nitrogen cycling in forest and grass ecosystems irrigated with treated wastewater enriched in 15 N. Ecological Applications 7:864-881.

•  McKane, R. B., E. B. Rastetter, G. R. Shaver, K. J. Nadelhoffer , A. E. Giblin, J. A. Laundre and F. S. Chapin III. 1997. Climatic effects on tundra carbon storage inferred from experimental data and a model. Ecology, 78:1170-1187.

•  McKane, R. B., E. B. Rastetter, G. R. Shaver, K. J. Nadelhoffer , A. E. Giblin, J. A. Laundre and F. S. Chapin III. 1997. Reconstruction and analysis of historical changes in carbon storage in arctic tundra. Ecology 78:1188-1198.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , J. W. Raich and J. D. Aber. 1998. Carbon budgets and forest ecosystems: using mass balances to assess fine root production estimates: Comment. Ecology 79:1822-1825.

•  Aber, J. D., W. H. McDowell, K. J. Nadelhoffer , A. Magill, G. Bernston, M. Kamakea, S. G. McNulty, W. Currie, L. Rustad and I. Fernandez. 1998. Nitrogen saturation in temperate forest ecosystems: Hypotheses revisited. BioScience 48:921-934.

•  Boone, R. D., K. J. Nadelhoffer , J. D. Canary and J. P. Kaye. 1998. Roots determine the temperature sensitivity of soil respiration. Nature 396:571-572 .

•  Shaver, G. R., L. C. Johnson, D. H. Cades, G. Murray, J. A. Laundre, E. B. Rastetter, K. J. Nadelhoffer and A. E. Giblin. 1998. Biomass and CO 2 flux in wet sedge tundras: Responses to nutrients, temperature, and light. Ecological Monographs 68:75-97.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , M. R. Downs, and B. Fry. 1999. Sinks for N additions to an oak forest and a red pine plantation. Ecological Applications 9:72-86 .

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , B. A. Emmett, P. Gundersen, O. J. Kjønaas, C. J. Koopmans, P. Schleppi, A. Tietema, and R. F. Wright. 1999. Nitrogen deposition makes a minor contribution to carbon sequestration in temperate forests. Nature 398:145-148.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , M. R. Downs, B. Fry, A. Magill and J. D. Aber. 1999. Controls on N retention and exports in a fertilized watershed. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 55:187-210.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , B. A. Emmett, P. Gundersen, C. J. Koopmans, P. Schleppi, A. Tietema, and R. F. Wright. 1999. Nitrogen deposition and carbon sequestration: Reply to D.S. Jenkinson, K. Goulding and D.S. Powlson, and to H. Seivering. Nature 400, 630.

•  Currie, W. S., and K. J. Nadelhoffer . 1999. Dynamic redistribution of isotopically labelled cohorts of nitrogen inputs in two temperate forests. Ecosystems 2:4-18.

•  Currie, W. S., K. J. Nadelhoffer , and J. D. Aber. 1999. Soil detrital processes controlling the movement of 15 N tracers to forest vegetation. Ecological Applications 9:87-102.

•  Downs, M. R., R. H. Michener, B. Fry and K. J. Nadelhoffer . 1999. Routine measurement of dissolved inorganic 15 N in streamwater. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 55:211-220.

•  Fernandez, I. J., L. E. Rustad, M. B. David, K. J. Nadelhoffer and M. J. Mitchell. 1999. Mineral soil and solution responses to experimental N and S enrichment at the Bear Brook Watershed in Maine (BBWM). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 55:165-185.

•  Rainey, S. M., K. J. Nadelhoffer , W. L. Silver and M. R. Downs. 1999. Effects of chronic nitrogen additions on understory species abundance and nutrient content in a red pine plantation. Ecological Applications 9:949–957.

•  Rastetter, E. B., L. Gough, A. E. Hartley, D. A. Herbert, K. J. Nadelhoffer and M. Williams. 1999. A revised assessment of species redundancy and ecosystem reliability. Conservation Biology 13:440-443.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. 2000. The potential effects of nitrogen deposition on fine root production in forest ecosystems. New Phytologist 137:131-139 .

•  Hendricks, J. J., J. D. Aber, K. J. Nadelhoffer and R. D. Hallett. 2000. Nitrogen controls on fine root substrate quality in temperate forest ecosystems. Ecosystems 3:57-69 .

•  Johnson, L., G. R. Shaver, D. Cades, E. Rastetter, K. J. Nadelhoffer , A. E. Giblin, J. Laundre, and A. Stanley. 2000. Carbon-nutrient interactions control CO 2 exchange in Alaskan wet sedge ecosystems. Ecology 81:453-469.

•  Magill, A. H., J. D. Aber, G. M. Berntson, W. H. McDowell, K. J. Nadelhoffer , J. M. Melillo, and P. Steudler. 2000. Long-term additions and nitrogen saturation in two temperate forests. Ecosystems, 3:238-253.

•  Nadelhoffer K. J., L. Johnson, J. Laundre, A. E. Giblin, and G. R. Shaver. 2002. Fine root production and nutrient use in wet and moist arctic tundras as influenced by chronic fertilization. Plant and Soil, 242(1): 107-113 .

•  Currie, W. S. and K. J. Nadelhoffer . 2002. The imprint of land use history: Patterns of Carbon and Nitrogen in downed woody debris at the Harvard Forest. Ecosystems 5:446-460.

•  Currie, W. S., K. J. Nadelhoffer , and B. Colman. 2002. Long-term movement of 15 N tracers into fine woody debris under chronically elevated N inputs. Plant and Soil 238:313-323.

•  Goodale, C. L., K. Lajtha, K. J. Nadelhoffer , E. W. Boyer, and N. A. Jaworski. 2002. Forest nitrogen sinks in large eastern U.S. watersheds: inventory and modeled estimates. Biogeochemistry 57/58:239–266.

•  Hobbie, S. E., K. J. Nadelhoffer , and P. Högberg. 2002. A synthesis: the role of nutrients as constraints on carbon balances in boreal and arctic regions. Plant and Soil 242: 163-170.

•  McKane, R. B., L. C. Johnson, G. R. Shaver, K. J. Nadelhoffer , E. B. Rastetter, B. Fry. A. E. Giblin, K. Kielland, B. L. Kwiatkowski, J. A. Laundre, and G. Murray. 2002. Resource-based niches provide a basis for plant species diversity & dominance in arctic tundra. Nature, 415:68-71 .

•  Mayer, B., E. W. Boyer, C. L. Goodale, N. A. Jaworski, N. Van Breemen, R. W. Howarth, S. P. Seitzinger, G. Billen, K. Lajtha, K. J. Nadelhoffer , D. Van Dam, L. J. Hetling, M Nosal ,K. Paustian. 2002. Sources of nitrate in rivers draining sixteen watersheds in the northeastern U. S.: Isotopic constraints. Biogeochemistry 57/58:171-197.

•  Van Breemen, N., E. W. Boyer, C. L. Goodale, N. A. Jaworski, K. Paustian, S. P. Seitzinger, K. Lajtha, B. Mayer, D. Van Dam, R. W. Howarth, K. J. Nadelhoffer , M. Eve, and G. Billen. 2002 Where did all the nitrogen go? Fate of nitrogen inputs to large watersheds in the northeastern U.S.A. Biogeochemistry 57/58:267-293.

•  Loya, W.M ., L. Johnson, G.W. Kling, J.Y. King, W.S. Reeburgh, and K. Nadelhoffer . 2002 Pulse-labeling studies of carbon cycling in arctic tundra ecosystems: the contribution of photosynthates to soil organic matter. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16:4 ( Art. No. 1101 OCT-NOV ).

•  King, J.Y., W. S. Reeburgh, K. K. Thieler, G. W. Kling, W. M. Loya, L. C. Johnson, and K. J. Nadelhoffer . 2002. Pulse-labeling studies of carbon cycling in Arctic tundra ecosystems: the contribution of photosynthates to methane emission. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16:4 ( Art. No. 1062 OCT-NOV ).

•  Koba, K., M. Hirobe, L. Koyama, A. Kohzu, N. Tokuchi, K. J. Nadelhoffer , E. Wada, and H. Takeda. 2003. Natural 15 N abundances of plants and soil in a temperate coniferous forest. Ecosystems 6:457-469.

•  Loya, W. M., L. C. Johnson, K. J. Nadelhoffer . 2004 Seasonal dynamics of leaf- and root-derived C in arctic tundra mesocosms. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 36:655–666

•  Nadelhoffer, K.J. , B.P. Colman, W.S. Currie, A. H. Magill, and J.D. Aber. 2004. Decadal scale fates of 15 N tracers added to oak and pine stands under ambient and elevated N inputs at the Harvard Forest (USA). Forest Ecology and Management, 196 (1): 89-107.

•  Currie, W.S., K.J. Nadelhoffer , and J.D. Aber. 2004. Redistributions of 15 N highlight turnover and replenishment of mineral soil organic N as a long-term control on forest C balance. Forest Ecology and Management, 96(1): 109-127.

•  Magill, A.H., J.D. Aber, W. S. Currie, K.J. Nadelhoffer , M.E. Martin, W.H. McDowell, J.M. Melillo, P. Steudler. 2004. Ecosystem response to 15 years of chronic nitrogen additions at the Harvard Forest LTER, Massachusetts , USA . Forest Ecology and Management 196 (1): 7-28

•  Micks, P. , M. R. Downs, A.H. Magill, K.J. Nadelhoffer , and J.D. Aber. 2004. Decomposing litter as a sink for 15 N-enriched additions to an oak forest and a red pine plantation. Forest Ecology and Management, 196 (1): 71-87.

•  Moore, J.C., E.L. Berlow, D.C. Coleman, P.C. de Ruiter, Q. Dong, A. Hastings, N.C. Johnson, K.S. McCann, K. Melville, P.J. Morin, K.J. Nadelhoffer , A.D. Rosemond, D.M. Post, J.L. Sabo, K.M. Scow, M.J. Vanni, and D.H. Wall. 2004. Detritus, Trophic Dynamics, and Biodiversity. Ecology Letters, 7:584-600 .

•  Johnston, C.A., P. Groffman, D.D. Breshears, Z.G. Cardon, W. Currie, W. Emanuel, J.Gaudinski, R. Jackson, K. Lajtha, K. Nadelhoffer , D. Nelson Jr., W.M. Post, G. Retallack, and L. Wielopolski. 2004. Carbon cycling in soil. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 2(10): 522–528

•  Hogg, A.J. Jr, RV Kopple, K Nadelhoffer. 2005. University of Michigan Biological Station (UMBS). Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 86 (1), 49-56

•  Pardo, L.N., P. Templer, C.L. Goodale, S. Duke, P. Groffman, M.B. Adams, P. Boeckx, J. Boggs, J. Campbell, J. Compton, B. Emmett, P. Gundersen, J. Kjønaas, G. Lovett, M. Mack, A. Magill, M.J. Mitchell, M. Mbila, G. McGee, S. McNulty, K. Nadelhoffer , B. Colman, S. Ollinger, D. Ross, H. Rueth, L. Rustad, P. Schaberg, S. Schiff, P. Schleppi, J. Spoelstra, W. Wessel. 2006. Regional Assessment of N saturation using foliar and root d 15 N. Biogeochemistry, 80(2): 143-171 .

•  Shaver, G.R., A.E. Giblin, K.J. Nadelhoffer , J.E. Laundre, K. Thieler, M. Downs, E.B. Rastetter. 2006. Carbon turnover in Alaskan tundra soils: effects of organic matter quality, temperature, moisture, and fertilizer. Journal of Ecology, 94 :740 –753.

•  PF Sullivan, M Sommerkorn, HM Rueth, KJ Nadelhoffer, GR Shaver, et al. 2007. Climate and species affect fine root production with long-term fertilization in acidic tussock tundra near Toolik Lake, Alaska. Oecologia 153 (3), 643-652.

•  Grimm, N.B., D Foster, P Groffman, JM Grove, CS Hopkinson, et al. 2008. The changing landscape: ecosystem responses to urbanization and pollution across climatic and societal gradients. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6 (5), 264-272.

•  Peters, D.P.C., PM Groffman, KJ Nadelhoffer, NB Grimm, SL Collins, et al. 2008. Living in an increasingly connected world: a framework for continental-scale environmental science. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 6 (5), 229-237.

•  Maclean, R., SD Frey, S Ollinger, K Nadelhoffer, M Day, J LeMoine. 2009. SOIL ORGANIC MATTER RESPONSES TO CHRONIC NITROGEN ADDITIONS IN A TEMPERATE FOREST. J. of Nematology 41 (4), 352-352

•  Pardo, L.H., KJ Nadelhoffer. 2010. Using nitrogen isotope ratios to assess terrestrial ecosystems at regional and global scales. Isoscapes, 221-249.

•  Yano, Y., GR Shaver, AE Giblin, EB Rastetter, KJ Nadelhoffer. 2010. Nitrogen dynamics in a small arctic watershed: retention and downhill movement of 15N.
Ecological Monographs 80 (2), 331-351.

•  JJ Hellmann, KJ Nadelhoffer, LR Iverson, LH Ziska, SN Matthews, et al. 2010. Climate change impacts on terrestrial ecosystems in metropolitan Chicago and its surrounding, multi-state region. J. of Great Lakes Research 36, 74-8511.

•  Pardo, L.H., ME Fenn, CL Goodale, LH Geiser, CT Driscoll, EB Allen, et al. 2011.  Effects of nitrogen deposition and empirical nitrogen critical loads for ecoregions of the United States. Ecological Applications 21 (8), 3049-3082.

 Nave, L.E., CM Gough, KD Maurer, G Bohrer, BS Hardiman, J Le Moine, et al. 2011. Disturbance and the resilience of coupled carbon and nitrogen cycling in a north temperate forest.  J. of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences (G040160).

•  Templer, P.H., MC Mack, FSC III, LM Christenson, JE Compton, HD Crook, et al. 2012. Sinks for nitrogen inputs in terrestrial ecosystems: a meta-analysis of 15N tracer field studies.  Ecology 93 (8), 1816-1829.

•  Nave, L.E., KJ Nadelhoffer, JM Le Moine, LTA van Diepen, JK Cooch*, et al. 2013. Nitrogen Uptake by Trees and Mycorrhizal Fungi in a Successional Northern Temperate Forest: Insights from Multiple Isotopic Methods. Ecosystems, 1-14. *undergraduate student

•  Gough, C.M, BS Hardiman, LE Nave, G Bohrer, KD Maurer, CS Vogel, KJ Nadelhoffer, P.S. Curtis. 2013. Sustained carbon uptake and storage following moderate disturbance in a Great Lakes forest. Ecological Applications.

•  Nave, L.E., CW Swanston, U Mishra, KJ Nadelhoffer. 2013. Afforestation effects on soil carbon storage in the United States: a synthesis. Soil Science Society of America J. 77 (3), 1035-1047.

•  Grimm,N.B., FS Chapin III, B Bierwagen, P Gonzalez, PM Groffman, Y Luo, et al. 2013. The impacts of climate change on ecosystem structure and function. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 11 (9), 474-4823.

•  Giasson, M.A., AM Ellison, RD Bowden, PM Crill, EA Davidson, JE Drake, et al. 2013. Soil respiration in a northeastern US temperate forest: a 22-year synthesis. Ecosphere 4 (11), art140.

• Crumsey, J.M., JM Le Moine, Y Capowiez, MM Goodsitt, SC Larson, et al. 2013. Community-specific impacts of exotic earthworm invasions on soil carbon dynamics in a sandy temperate forestEcology 94 (12), 2827-2837.

• Burton, G.A. Jr., N. Basu, B. Ellis, K. Kapo, S. Entrekin, and K.J. Nadelhoffer. 2014. Hydraulic “fracking”: Are surface water impacts a concern? Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 33 (8),1679-1689

• Frey, S. D., S. Ollinger, K. Nadelhoffer, R. Bowden, E. Brzostek, A. Burton, B. A. Caldwell, S.Crow, C.L. Goodale, A.S. Grandy, A. Finzi, M.G. Kramer, K. Lajtha, J. LeMoine, M. Martin, W.H. McDowell, R. Minocha, J.J. Sadowsky, P.H. Templer, and K. Wickings. 2014. Chronic nitrogen additions suppress decomposition and sequester soil carbon in temperate forests. Biogeochemistry,121(2), 305-316

• Crumsey, J.M., JM Le Moine, CS Vogel, KJ Nadelhoffer.  2014.  Historical patterns of exotic earthworm distributions inform contemporary associations with soil physical and chemical factors across a northern temperate forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 68, 503-514.

• Lajtha, K., R. D. Bowden, and K. Nadelhoffer. 2014. Litter and root manipulations provide insights into soil organic matter dynamics and stability. Soil Science Society of America Journal 78:S261-S269

• Lajtha, K., K.L. Townsend, M.G. Kramer, C. Swanston, R.D. Bowden, and K.J. Nadelhoffer. 2014. Changes to particulate versus mineral associated soil carbon after 50 years of litter manipulation in forest and prairie experimental ecosystems. Biogeochemistry 119:341-360.

• Nave, L.E., J.P. Sparks, J. Le Moine, B.S. Hardiman, K.J. Nadelhoffer, J. M. Tallant, C.S. Vogel, B.D. Strahm, and P.S. Curtis. 2014. Changes in soil nitrogen cycling in a northern temperate forest ecosystem during succession. Biogeochemistry 121:471–488.

• Cheng, S.J., G. Bohrer; A.L. Steiner; D.Y. Hollinger, A. Suyker, R.P. Phillips, K.J. Nadelhoffer. 2015. Variations in the influence of diffuse light on gross primary productivity in temperate ecosystems. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 20:98–110.

• Crumsey, J.M., Y. Capowiez, M. Goodsitt, S. Larson, J. Le Moine, J. Bird, G. Kling, K. Nadelhoffer. 2015. Exotic earthworm community composition interacts with soil texture to affect redistribution and retention of litter-derived C and N in northern temperate forest soils. Biogeochemistry 126:379-395.

• Kwon, S. Y., J.D. Bluma, K.J. Nadelhoffer, J.T. Dvonch, and M.T.K. Tsui. 2015.
Isotopic study of mercury sources and transfer between a freshwater lake and adjacent forest food web. Science of the Total Environment 532:220-229.

• Hatton, Pierre-Joseph, S. Chatterjee, T. Filley, K. Dastmalchi, A.F. Plante, S. Abiven, X. Gao g, C.A. Masiello, S.W. Leavitt, K. J. Nadelhoffer, R.E. Stark, J.A. Bird. 2016. Tree taxa and pyrolysis temperature interact to control the efficacy of pyrogenic organic matter formation. Biogeochemistry 130:103-116.

• Hunt, N.D., S.T. Gower, K. Nadelhoffer, K. Lajtha, K. Townsend, and K.R. Brye. 2016.
Validation of an agroecosystem process model (AGRO-BGC) on annual and perennial
bioenergy feedstocks. Ecological Modelling 321:23-34.

• Pisani, O., L. H. Lin, O. O. Y. Lun, K. Lajtha, K. J. Nadelhoffer, A. J. Simpson, and M. J.Simpson. 2016. Long-term doubling of litter inputs accelerates soil organic matter
degradation and reduces soil carbon stocks. Biogeochemistry 127:1-14.

• Santos, F., K.J. Nadelhoffer, J.A. Bird. 2016. Rapid fine root C and N mineralization in a northern temperate forest soil. Biogeochemistry.

Book Chapters:

•  Gildea, M. P., B. Moore, C. J. Vorosmarty, B. Bergquist, J. M. Melillo, K. J. Nadelhoffer and B. J. Peterson. 1986. A global model of nutrient cycling: I. Introduction, model structure and terrestrial mobilization of nutrients. Chapter 1 in : D. Correll (ed.), Watershed Research Perspectives. Smithsonian Press, Washington , DC , pp. 1-31.

•  Binkley, D., R. Powers, J. Pastor and K. J. Nadelhoffer . 1990. Protocols for testing measures of nitrogen availability in forest soils. In : W. J. Dyck and C. A. Mees (eds.), Impact of Intensive Harvesting on Forest Site Productivity. Proceedings, IEA/BE A3 Workshop, South Island , New Zealand , March 1989. IEA/BE T6/A6 Report No. 2. Forest Research Institute, Rotorua , New Zealand , FRI Bulletin No. 159, pp. 111-125.

•  Shaver, G. R., K. J. Nadelhoffer and A. E. Giblin. 1990. Climatic change, nutrient cycling, and primary production in the Arctic landscape. In : Arctic Research: Advances and Prospects (Part 2). Proceedings of the Conference of Arctic and Nordic Countries on Coordination of Research in the Arctic, Leningrad , USSR . Nauka, Moscow , pp. 134-135.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , A. E. Giblin, G. R. Shaver and A. E. Linkins. 1991. Microbial processes and plant nutrient availability in arctic soils. Chapter 13 in : F. S. Chapin et al. (eds.), Physiological Ecology of Arctic Plants: Implications for Climate Change. Academic Press, New York , pp. 281-300.

•  Shaver, G. R., K. J. Nadelhoffer and A. E. Giblin. 1991. Biogeochemical diversity and element transport in a heterogeneous landscape, The North Slope of Alaska. Chapter 5 in : M. Turner and R. Gardner (eds.), Quantitative Methods in Landscape Ecology. Springer-Verlag , New York , pp. 105-125.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , J. D. Aber, M. Downs, B. Fry and J. M. Melillo. 1993. Biological sinks for nitrogen additions to a forested catchment. In : L. Rasmussen, T. Brydges and P. Mathy (eds.), Experimental Manipulations of Biota and Biogeochemical Cycling in Ecosystems: Approach, Methodologies, Findings. Ecosystems Research Report No. 4 of the Commission of European Communities. ECSC-EEC-EAEC, Brussels-Luxembourg, pp. 64-70.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , and B. Fry. 1994. Nitrogen isotope studies in forest ecosystems. Chapter 2 in : K. Lajtha and R. Michener (eds.), Stable Isotopes in Ecology, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford , UK , pp. 22-44.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , A. F. Bouwman, M. Delaney, J. M. Melillo, W. Schäfer, M. C. Scholes, R. J. Scholes, C. Sonntag, W. Sunda, E. Veldkamp and E. B. Welch. 1995. Effects of climate change and human perturbations on interactions between non-living organic matter and nutrients. Chapter 14 in : Zepp, R. G. and C. H. Sonntag (eds.), Report of the Dahlem Workshop on the Role of Nonliving Organic Matter in the Earth’s Carbon Cycle. John Wiley & Sons, pp. 227-256.

•  Fry, B., D. E. Jones, G. W. Kling, R. B. McKane, K. J. Nadelhoffer and B. J. Peterson .1995. Adding 15 N tracers to ecosystem experiments. Chapter 4 in : E. Wada, T. Yoneyama, M. Minagawa, T. Ando and B. Fry (eds.), Stable Isotopes in the Biosphere. Kyoto University Press, Kyoto , Japan .

•  Schulze, E. -D., F. A. Bazzaz, K. J. Nadelhoffer , T. Koike and S. Takatsuki. 1996. Biodiversity and ecosystem function of temperate deciduous broad-leaved forests. Chapter 4in : H. A. Mooney, J. H. Cushman, E. Medina, O. E. Sala, and E. -D. Schulze (eds.), Functional Roles of Biodiversity: A Global Perspective, John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, pp. 72-98.

•  Shaver, G. R., A. E. Giblin, K. J. Nadelhoffer and E. B. Rastetter. 1996. Plant functional types and ecosystem change in arctic tundras. Chapter 8 in : T. Smith, H. Shugart and I. Woodward (eds.), Plant Functional Types, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. , G. R. Shaver, A. Giblin, and E. B. Rastetter. 1997. Potential impacts of climate change on nutrient cycling, decomposition, and productivity in arctic ecosystems. Pages 349-364 in : W. C. Oechel, T. Callaghan, T. Gilmanov, J. I. Holten, B. Maxwell, U. Molau and B. Sveinbjörnsson (eds.), Global Change and Arctic Terrestrial Ecosystems. Springer, New York .

•  Rastetter, E. B., R. B. McKane, G. R. Shaver, K. J. Nadelhoffer and A. E. Giblin. 1997. Analysis of CO2, temperature, and moisture effects on carbon storage in Alaskan arctic tundra using a general ecosystem model, pp.437-451. in : W. C. Oechel, T. Callaghan, T. Gilmanov, J. I. Holten, B. Maxwell, U. Molau and B. Sveinbjörnsson (eds.), Global Change and Arctic Terrestrial Ecosystems. Springer, New York .

•  Shaver, G. R., E. B. Rastetter, K. J. Nadelhoffer and A. E. Giblin. 1997. Carbon-nutrient interactions as constraints on recovery of arctic ecosystems from disturbance. Pages 553-562 in : R. M. M. Crawford, (ed.) Disturbance and Recovery of Arctic Lands: An Ecological Perspective. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht , The Netherlands .

•  Harmon, M. E., K. J. Nadelhoffer and J. M. Blair. 1999. Measuring decomposition, nutrient turnover, and stores in plant litter. Chapter 11 in : G. P. Robertson, C. S. Bledsoe, D. C. Coleman, and P. Sollins (eds.), Standard Soil Methods for Long Term Ecological Research. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 202-240.

•  Robertson, G. P., D. Wedin, P. M. Groffman, J. M. Blair, E. Holland, K. J. Nadelhofferand D. Harris. 1999. Soil carbon and nitrogen availability: nitrogen mineralization, nitrification, and soil respiration potentials. Chapter 13 in : G. P. Robertson, C. S. Bledsoe, D. C. Coleman, and P. Sollins (eds.), Standard Soil Methods for Long Term Ecological Research. Oxford University Press, New York, pp. 258-271.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , R. D. Bowden, R. D. Boone, and K. Lajtha. 2000. Controls on forest soil organic matter development and dynamics: Chronic litter manipulation as a potential international LTER activity. Pages 3-9 in: K. Lajtha and K. Vanderbilt (eds.), Cooperation in Long Term Ecological Research in Central and Eastern Europe: Proceedings of the ILTER Regional Workshop, 22-25 June, Budapest, Hungary. Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. 2001. The impacts of nitrogen deposition on forest ecosystems. Chapter 12 in : R. F. Follett and J. L. Hatfield (eds.), Nitrogen in the Environment: Sources, Problems, and Management. Elsevier Science, Amsterdam, pp. 311-331.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. , R.D. Boone, R. D. Bowden, J. D. Canary, J. Kaye, P. Micks , A. Ricca, J. A. Aitkenhead, K. Lajtha, and W.H. McDowell. 2004. The DIRT experiment: litter and root influences on forest soil organic matter stocks and function. Chapter 15 in : D. Foster and J. Aber (eds.), Forests in Time: The Environmental Consequences of 1000 Years of Change in New England. Yale University Press, pp. 300-315.

•  Aber, J., A. Magill, K. Nadelhoffer , R. Boone, J. Melillo, P. Steudler, J. Hendricks, R. Bowden, W. Currie, and W. McDowell. 2004. Exploring the process of nitrogen saturation. Chapter 12 in : D. Foster and J. Aber (eds.), Forests in Time: The Environmental Consequences of 1000 Years of Change in New England. Yale University Press, pp. 259-279.

•  Melillo, J., P. Steudler, J. Aber, K. Newkirk, H. Lux, F. Bowles, C. Catricala, A Magill, T. Ahrens, S. Morriseau, E. Burrows, and K. Nadelhoffer. 2004. Soil warming: a major consequence of global climate change. Chapter 13 in : D. Foster and J. Aber (eds.), Forests in Time: The Environmental Consequences of 1000 Years of Change in New England. Yale University Press, pp. 280-299.

•  Nadelhoffer, K.J. 2007. Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition: Implications for Terrestrial Ecosystem Structure and Functioning. In G. R. Visgilio and D. M. Whitelaw (eds.). Acid in the Environment: Lessons Learned and Future Prospects . Springer,77-95.

•  Nadelhoffer, K., LH Geiser. 2011. Tundra, Chapter 5 in Pardo, LH; Robin-Abbott, MJ; Driscoll, CT, eds. Assessment of Nitrogen….

•  Geiser, L.H., K Nadelhoffer. 2011. Taiga, Chapter 6 in Pardo, LH; Robin-Abbott, MJ; Driscoll, CT, eds. Assessment of Nitrogen….

•  Pardo, L.H., LH Geiser, ME Fenn, CT Driscoll, CL Goodale, EB Allen, et al. 2011. Synthesis, Chapter 19. in Pardo, LH; Robin-Abbott, MJ; Driscoll, CT, eds. Assessment of Nitrogen….

•   GR Shaver, JA Laundre, MS Bret-Harte, FS Chapin III, JA Mercado-Díaz, et al. 2014.  Terrestrial Ecosystems at Toolik Lake, Alaska Alaska’s Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes. Oxford University Press. 90 pp.

Book Reviews:

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. 1993. Review of Functional Ecology of Woodlands and Forests (1992, by J. R. Packham, J. L. Harding, G. M. Hilton and R. A. Stuttard, Chapman & Hall, London). Forest Ecology and Management 63:82-83.

•  Nadelhoffer, K. J. 1994. Review of Soil Ecology (1994, by K. Kilham, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK). Écoscience 1(4):359.


  1. The Strategic Plan for the U.S. Climate Change Science Program: Chapter 8 – Ecosystems. Published by the US Climate Change Science Program / US Global Change Research Program (US CCSP/GCRP), 2003. (Co-authors- S.H. Julius, S. Shafer, J. Amthor, P. Bontempi, M. Buford, J. Calder, S. Coloff, S. Conard, S. Mirabilio, K. Nadelhoffer , W. Peterson, D. Scavia, B. Stokes, W. Turner)
  2. IBRCS White Paper: A Plan for Developing A Plan for Developing and Governing the and Governing the National Ecological National Ecological Observatory Network (NEON) 32 pp. 2004. (Co-authors- J. Franklin, R. Gardner, A, Mills, W. Michener, K. Holsinger, K. Nadelhoffer , R. J. O’Connor, J. Goldman, J. MacMahon, H. Swain)
  3. American Institute of Biological Sciences. 2004. Ecological Aspects of Biogeochemical Cycles: Report from a NEON Science Workshop. Washington, DC: AIBS. (R. Monson, lead author. Co-author with 19 other participants
  4. Lucier, A., M. Palmer, H. Mooney, K. Nadelhoffer , D. Ojima, and F. Chavez. 2006. Ecosystems and Climate Change: Research Priorities for the U.S. Climate Change Science Program. Recommendations from the Scientific Community. Special Series No. SS-92-06 of the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, Solomons, MD.
  5. Gundersen, P., B. Berg, W. S., Currie, N.B. Dise, B.A. Emmett, V. Gauci, M. Holmberg, O.J. Kjønaas, J. Mol-Dijkstra, C. van der Salm, I.K. Schmidt, A. Tietema, W.W. Wessel, L.S.Vestgarden, C. Akselsson, W. De Vries, M. Forsius, H. Kros, E. Matzner, F. Moldan, K. J. Nadelhoffer , L.-O. Nilsson, G.J. Reinds, U. Rosengren A.O. Stuanes and R.F. Wright, 2006. Carbon – nitrogen interactions in forest ecosystems – Final report. Forest & Landscape Working Papers 17. ISBN-10 87-7903-287-3, Danish Centre for Forest, Landscape and Planning, KVL, 62 pp.
  6. F Chavez, M Palmer, A Lucier, H Mooney, K Nadelhoffer, D Ojima. 2006. Ecosystems and Climate Change. Research Priorities for the US Climate Change Science Program. CLIMATE CHANGE SCIENCE PROGRAM WASHINGTON DC
  7. Y Yano, GR Shaver, AE Giblin, EB Rastetter, KJ Nadelhoffer. 2009. Nitrogen dynamics in a small arctic watershed: Retention and downhill movement of 15N. White Paper: Federal Climate Services and Academic Institutions

Popular Media:

•  WUOM (Michigan Public Radio)- Knute interviewed on “Stateside” October 17, 2003 (archived ). Discussed global carbon cycling, climate change and ongoing research on forest CO 2 uptake at the University of Michigan Biological Station.

•  Nadelhoffer, Knute J., 2003. “Biological Station is a hotspot for global change research”, University of Michigan LSA Magazine, Fall 2003, pp 7-10.

•  Hogg, Alan, Robert Vande Kopple,and Knute Nadelhoffer . 2005. Focus on Field Stations: The University of Michigan Biological Station. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America, 86:49-56.