The manuscript Detecting High Orders of Cognitive Complexity in Students’ Reasoning in Argumentative Writing about Ocean Acidification is being presented at the 11th annual Learning Analytics and Knowledge conference by group members Blair and Amber. The full manuscript can be found in the conference’s published proceedings. This work was started by former group members Alena Moon and Robert Moeller, who adapted a Cognitive Operations framework to label different complexities of cognitive operations in general chemistry students’ argumentative writing about ocean acidification. Blair and Amber continued this work by developing deep learning models to detect high orders of cognitive complexity in students’ writing. Read more about their fine-tuning of BERT models for this purpose in the manuscript!