Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Laura T. Hamilton. 2013. Paying for the Party: How College Maintains Inequality. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Armstrong, Elizabeth A. 2002. Forging Gay Identities: Organizing Sexuality in San Francisco, 1950-1994. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Articles and Chapters


Gleckman-Krut, Miriam, Lanora Johnson, and Elizabeth A. Armstrong. “Inequality and Sexual Violence.” In The Inequality Reader, 5th edition. Edited by David Grusky, Nima Dahir, and Claire Davis. Routledge.


Jared P. Eno, Elizabeth A. Armstrong, Sandra R. Levitsky, and Katelyn Kennon (2023). ““How is a Student to Know Who They Can Talk To?”: University Website Communication about Sexual Assault in the Context of Compelled Disclosure.” The Review of Higher Education, 46(3), 373-406. doi:10.1353/rhe.2023.0003.


Porter, Kamaria B., Sandra R. Levitsky and Elizabeth A. Armstrong. “Gender Equity and Due Process in Campus Sexual Assault Adjudication Procedures”. The Journal of Higher Education. DOI: 10.1080/00221546.2022.2082784

Gleckman-Krut, Miriam, Elizabeth A. Armstrong, & Erin E. Bonar. Preventing campus sexual violence. Contexts, 21(1), 68-70.


Hamilton, Laura T. and Elizabeth A. Armstrong. “Parents, Partners, and Professions: Reproduction and Mobility in a Cohort of College Women.” American Journal of Sociology. 127(1):102-151.

Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Laura Hamilton. “Classed Pathways to Marriage: Hometown Ties, College Networks, and Life after Graduation.” Journal of Marriage and the Family. 83(4):1004-1019.


Hamilton, Laura, Elizabeth A. Armstrong, Lotus Seeley, and Elizabeth M. Armstrong. “Hegemonic Femininities and Intersectional Domination.” Sociological Theory. 37(4):315–341.

Larance, Lisa Young, Elizabeth A. Armstrong, Michelle Munro-Kramer, Emily Sheridan-Fulton, Yasamin Kusunoki, Quyen Ngo, Sharron Fincher, and Nicole Denson. “Feminist Praxis: The Michigan Meeting on Ending Gender-Based Violence. Affilia. 34(3):383-392.


Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Miriam Gleckman-Krut, and Lanora Johnson. “Silence, Power, and Inequality: An Intersectional Approach to Sexual Violence.” Annual Review of Sociology 44:99-122. (pdf)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Laura T. Hamilton, Elizabeth M. Armstrong, and J. Lotus Seeley. “‘Good Girls:’: Gender, Social Class, and Slut Discourse on Campus.” Social Psychology Quarterly. 77(2):100-122. (pdf)


Hamilton, Laura, and Elizabeth A. Armstrong. “The (Mis)Education of Monica and Karen.” Contexts. 11(4):22-27. (link)

Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Paula England, and Alison C. K. Fogarty. “Accounting for Women’s Orgasm and Sexual Enjoyment in College Hookups and Relationships.” American Sociological Review. 77(3):435-462. (link)

Backstrom, Laura, Elizabeth A. Armstrong, and Jennifer Puentes. “Women’s Negotiation of Cunnilingus in College Hookups and Relationships.” Journal of Sex Research. 49(1):1-12. (pdf)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Laura Hamilton, and Paula England. “Is Hooking Up Bad for Young Women? Compared to What?” Contexts. (link)


Hamilton, Laura and Elizabeth A. Armstrong. “Gendered Sexuality in Young Adulthood: Double Binds and Flawed Options.” Gender & Society. 23:589-616. (pdf)

Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Paula England, and Alison C. K. Fogarty. “Orgasm in College Hookups and Relationships.” Pp. 362-377 in Families as the Really Are. Edited by Barbara Risman, W.W. Norton & Company. (link)


Stevens, Mitchell L., Elizabeth A. Armstrong, and Richard Arum. “Sieve, Incubator, Temple, Hub: Empirical and Theoretical Advances in the Sociology of Higher Education.” Annual Review of Sociology. 34:127-151. (pdf)

Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Mary Bernstein. “Culture, Power, and Institutions: A Multi-institutional Politics Approach to Social Movements.” Sociological Theory. 26:74-99. (pdf)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Suzanna M. Crage. “Movements and Memory: The Making of the Stonewall Myth.” American Sociological Review. 71:724-751. (pdf)

Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Laura Hamilton, and Brian Sweeney. “Sexual Assault on Campus: A Multi-level, Integrative Approach to Party Rape.” Social Problems. 53:483-499. (pdf)

Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Martin S. Weinberg. “Identity and Competence: The Use of Culture in the Interpretation of Sexual Images.” Sociological Perspectives. 49:411-432. (pdf)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A. “From Struggle to Settlement: The Crystallization of a Field of Lesbian/Gay Organizations in San Francisco, 1969-1973.” Pp. 161-187 in Social Movements and Organization Theory. Edited by Gerald Davis, Doug McAdam, W. Richard Scott, and Mayer Zald. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Link to Book) (pdf)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A. “Crisis, Collective Creativity, and the Generation of New Organizational Forms: The Transformation of Lesbian/Gay Organizations in San Francisco.” Pp. 361-395 in Research in the Sociology of Organizations (vol. 19). Edited by Michael Lounsbury and Marc J. Ventresca. Oxford, UK: JAI Press. (pdf)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A. “Traitors to the Cause? Understanding the Lesbian/Gay ‘Bisexuality Debates.'” Pp. 199-217 in Bisexual Politics: Theories, Queries, and Visions. Edited by Naomi Tucker. New York: Haworth Press. (pdf)

Other Writings


Holland, Kathryn J., Jennifer J. Freyd, and Elizabeth A. Armstrong (22 July 2022). “Mandatory Reporting Is Exactly Not What Victims Need.” OpEd. The Chronicle of Higher Education.

Armstrong, Elizabeth A. “Feminist Idols and Generational Legacies.” Review of Bad Sex: Truth, Pleasure, and an Unfinished Revolution, by Nona Willis Aronowitz. Short Takes: Provocations on Public Feminism. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society.


Armstrong, Elizabeth A, Kamaria Porter, and Katelyn Kennon. “Sex and Power on Campus: Review of Sexual Citizens: A Landmark Study of Sex, Power, and Assault on Campus.Sociological Forum. 36(2), 572-577.


Levitsky, Sandra R., Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Porter, Kamaria (8 May 2020) “Opinion | Why the Cross-Examination Requirement in Campus Sexual Assault Cases Is Irresponsible.The Washington Post, WP Company.


Armstrong, Elizabeth A. “Why Do Universities Handle Sexual Violence Reports.” Gender & Society blog post. (link)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Jamie Budnick. “Sexual Assault on Campus.” A report prepared for the Council on Contemporary Families. (link)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A. with Johanna Massé. “The Sociology of Higher Education: Contributions and New Directions.” Critical-retrospective essay on scholarship in the sociology of higher education Contemporary Sociology. 43: 801-811. (link)

Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Laura Hamilton. “Learning Femininity in College.” Gender & Society blog post.


Hamilton, Laura and Elizabeth A. Armstrong. “Creative Solutions to Pay for College.” Contribution to the New York Times “Room for Debates” column on the topic “Who Should Get Financial Aid.” (link)


Hamilton, Laura and Elizabeth A. Armstrong. “Social Life and Inequality.” Contribution to the Chronicle of Higher Education forum on the topic “Has Higher Education Become an Engine of Inequality?” (link)


“How Fraternities Dominate College Life.” Contribution to the New York Times “Room for Debate” column on the topic “Should Colleges Ban Fraternities?” (link)

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