PayingforthePartyArmstrong, Elizabeth A. and Laura T. Hamilton. Paying for the Party: How College Maintains Inequality. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

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organizing sexualityArmstrong, Elizabeth A. Forging Gay Identities: Organizing Sexuality in San Francisco, 1950-1994. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

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Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Laura T. Hamilton, Elizabeth M. Armstrong, and J. Lotus Seeley. “‘Good Girls:’: Gender, Social Class, and Slut Discourse on Campus.” Social Psychology Quarterly. 77(2):100-122. (link)


Hamilton, Laura, and Elizabeth A. Armstrong. “The (Mis)Education of Monica and Karen.” Contexts. 11(4):22-27. (link)

Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Paula England, and Alison C. K. Fogarty. “Accounting for Women’s Orgasm and Sexual Enjoyment in College Hookups and Relationships.” American Sociological Review. 77(3):435-462. (link)

Backstrom, Laura, Elizabeth A. Armstrong, and Jennifer Puentes. “Women’s Negotiation of Cunnilingus in College Hookups and Relationships.” Journal of Sex Research. 49(1):1-12. (pdf)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Laura Hamilton, and Paula England. “Is Hooking Up Bad for Young Women? Compared to What?” Contexts. (link)


Hamilton, Laura and Elizabeth A. Armstrong. “Gendered Sexuality in Young Adulthood: Double Binds and Flawed Options.” Gender & Society. 23:589-616. (pdf)


Stevens, Mitchell L., Elizabeth A. Armstrong, and Richard Arum. “Sieve, Incubator, Temple, Hub: Empirical and Theoretical Advances in the Sociology of Higher Education.” Annual Review of Sociology. 34:127-151. (pdf)

Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Mary Bernstein. “Culture, Power, and Institutions: A Multi-institutional Politics Approach to Social Movements.” Sociological Theory. 26:74-99. (pdf)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Suzanna M. Crage. “Movements and Memory: The Making of the Stonewall Myth.” American Sociological Review. 71:724-751. (pdf)

Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Laura Hamilton, and Brian Sweeney. “Sexual Assault on Campus: A Multi-level, Integrative Approach to Party Rape.” Social Problems. 53:483-499. (pdf)

Armstrong, Elizabeth A. and Martin S. Weinberg. “Identity and Competence: The Use of Culture in the Interpretation of Sexual Images.” Sociological Perspectives. 49:411-432. (pdf)



Armstrong, Elizabeth A., Paula England, and Alison C. K. Fogarty. “Orgasm in College Hookups and Relationships.” Families as the Really Are, edited by Barbara Risman, W.W. Norton & Company. (Link to Book)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A. “From Struggle to Settlement: The Crystallization of a Field of Lesbian/Gay Organizations in San Francisco, 1969-1973.” Pp. 161-187 in Social Movements and Organization Theory. Edited by Gerald Davis, Doug McAdam, W. Richard Scott, and Mayer Zald. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (Link to Book) (pdf)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A. “Crisis, Collective Creativity, and the Generation of New Organizational Forms: The Transformation of Lesbian/Gay Organizations in San Francisco.” Pp. 361-395 in Research in the Sociology of Organizations (vol. 19). Edited by Michael Lounsbury and Marc J. Ventresca. Oxford, UK: JAI Press. (pdf)


Armstrong, Elizabeth A. “Traitors to the Cause? Understanding the Lesbian/Gay ‘Bisexuality Debates.'” Pp. 199-217 in Bisexual Politics: Theories, Queries, and Visions.Edited by Naomi Tucker. New York: Haworth Press (pdf)