2014       —————————————————————————————————————————-

92. Syverson* V. J. and Baumiller, T. K. (in press) Temporal trends of predation resistance in Paleozoic crinoid arm branching morphologies. Paleobiology

91. Salamon, M. A., Gorzelak, P., Niedźwiedzki, R., Trzęsiok, D. Baumiller, T. K. 2014 Trends in shell fragmentation as evidence of mid-Paleozoic changes in marine predation. Paleobiology 40: 14-23

90. Chattopadhyay, D., Rathie, A., Miller, D. J. and Baumiller T. K. (in press) Hydrodynamic effects of drill holes on post-mortem transportation of bivalve shells and its taphonomic implications. PALAIOS


2013       ————————————————————————————————————————–

89. Baumiller, T. K. 2013. Ephemeral injuries, regeneration frequencies and intensity of the injury-producing process. Marine Biology 160: 3233-3239 (DOI: 10.1007/s00227-013-2302-9)

88. Baumiller, T. K. 2013 Arm regeneration frequencies in Florometra serratissima (Crinoidea, Echinodermata): impact of depth of habitat on rates of arm loss, Cahiers de Biologie Marine 54: 571-576

87. Baumiller, T. K. and Gahn, F. J. 2013. Reconstructing predation pressure on crinoids: estimating Arm-Loss Rates from regenerating arms, Paleobiology 39:40-51


2012       ————————————————————————————————————————–

86. Gorzelak, P., Salamon, M. A. and Baumiller, T. K. 2012. Predator-induced macroevolutionary trends in Mesozoic crinoids. PNAS 109:7004-7007.


2011       —————————————————————————————————————————-

85. Baumiller, T. K. and Janevski*, G. A. 2011. On the swimming function of crinoid cirri. Journal Swiss Palaeontology 130: 19-24. doi.10.1007/s13358-010-0004-1


2010       —————————————————————————————————————————-

84. Gahn, F. J. and Baumiller, T. K. 2010. Evolutionary history of regeneration in crinoids (Echinodermata). Integrative and Comparative Biology 50(4): 514a-514m. doi:10.1093/icb/icq155

83. Baumiller, T. K., Marinovic, J. C., Tuura*, M. E., Damstra, E. S., Miller, D. J. 2010. Signs of boring predation on Middle Devonian hyolithids from the Michigan Basin. PALAIOS 25: 636-641

82. Janevski*, G. A. and Baumiller, T. K. 2010. Could a stalked crinoid swim? A biomechanical model and characteristics of swimming crinoids. PALAIOS 25: 588-596

81. Baumiller, T. K., Salamon, M., Gorzelak, P., Mooi, R., Messing, C. G., and Gahn*, F. J. 2010. Benthic predation drove early Mesozoic crinoid radiation.  PNAS 107 (13): 5893-5896

Featured in: The University Record

80. Chattopadhyay*, D. and Baumiller, T. K. 2010. Effect of durophagy on drilling predation: a case study of Cenozoic molluscs from North America. Historical Biology 22: 367-379. doi: 10.1080/08912961003600445


2009       —————————————————————————————————————————-

79. Chattopadhyay*, D. and Baumiller, T. K. 2009. An experimental assessment of feeding rates of the muricid gastropod, Nucella lamellosa and its effect on cost-benefit analysis. Journal of Shellfish Research 28: 883-889

78. Janevski*, G. A. and Baumiller, T. K. 2009. Testing for extinction selectivity in the fossil record of Phanerozoic marine invertebrates. Paleobiology 35: 553-564

77. Tuura*, M. E., Baumiller, T. K., McNamara, K. J. 2008. Drill holes in Australian Cenozoic brachiopods. Historical Biology 20: 203-212


2008       —————————————————————————————————————————-

76. Baumiller, T. K.  2008. Crinoid ecological morphology. Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Sciences 36: 221–49

75. Baumiller, T. K., Mooi R. and Messing, C. G. 2008. Urchins in the meadow: paleobiological and evolutionary implications of cidaroid predation on crinoids. Paleobiology. 34: 22-34

74. Baumiller, T. K., Gahn*. F. J., Hess, H., and Messing, C. G. 2008. Chapter 1: Taphonomy as an indicator of behavior among fossil crinoids. Pp.7-20. In: Ausich, W. I. and Webster, G. (eds), Echinodermata Paleobiology. Indiana University Press.


2007       —————————————————————————————————————————-

73. Baumiller, T. K. 2007. Sea lilies on the move: evidence of rapid crawling in isocrinids. Priscum 16: 2-3

72. Chattopadhyay*, D. and Baumiller, T. K. 2007. Drilling under threat: an experimental assessment of drilling behavior of Nucella lamellosa in the presence of a predator. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 352: 257-266

71. Baumiller, T. K. and Messing, C. G. 2007. Stalked crinoid locomotion and its ecological and evolutionary implications. Palaeontologia Electronica 10 (1): 2A;10p, 12MB;

70. Messing, C. G., David, J., Roux, M., Améziane N., and Baumiller, T. K. 2007 In situ stalk growth rates in tropical western Atlantic sea lilies (Echinodermata: Crinoidea). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 353: 211-220


2006       —————————————————————————————————————————-

69. Baumiller, T. K., Bitner, M. A., and Emig, C.C. 2006. High frequency of drill holes in brachiopods from the Pliocene of Algeria and its ecological implications. Lethaia 39: 313-320

68. Gahn*, F. J. and Baumiller, T. K. 2006. Platyceratid gastropod behaviour as a guide to camerate crinoid functional morphology. Historical Biology 18: 397-404


2005       —————————————————————————————————————————-

67. Kowalewski, M., Hoffmeister, A. P., Baumiller, T. K. & Bambach, R. K. 2005. Secondary evolutionary escalation between brachiopods and enemies of other prey. Science 308: 1774-1777

Featured in: The University Record

66. Cosma*, T. N. and Baumiller, T. K. 2005. A trace fossil on a Silurian pelecypod: evidence of predatory boring? Ichnos 12: 1-5

65. Gahn*, F. J. and Baumiller, T. K. 2005. Arm regeneration in Mississippian crinoids-evidence of intense predation pressure in the Paleozoic? Paleobiology 31: 151-164


2004       —————————————————————————————————————————-

64. Baumiller, T. K. and Bitner, M. A. 2004. A case of intense predatory drilling of brachiopods from the Middle Miocene of southeastern Poland. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 214: 85-95

63. Baumiller, T. K. and Gahn*, F. J. 2004. Testing Predation-Driven Evolution using Mid-Paleozoic Crinoid Arm Regeneration.  Science 305: 1453-1455

62. Baumiller, T. K., Gahn*, F. J. and Savill, J. 2004 New data and interpretations of the crinoid-platyceratid relationship. Pp. 393-398. In: Heinzeller, T. and Nebelsick, J. H. (eds), Echinoderms: Munchen. Taylor and Francis, London.

61. Gahn*, F. J. and Baumiller, T. K. 2004. A bootstrap analysis for comparative taphonomy of Early Mississippian crinoids from the Wassonville Cycle of Iowa. Palaios 19: 17-38

60. Hoffmeister, A. P., Kowalewski, M., Baumiller, T. K. and Bambach, R. K. 2004. Drilling predation in brachiopods and bivalves from the Permian of the Glass Mountains, West Texas. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 49: 443-454


2003       —————————————————————————————————————————-

59. Deline*, B., Baumiller, T. K., Kaplan*, P., Kowalewski, M. and Hoffmeister, A. P. 2003. Edge-drilling on the brachiopod Perditocardinia cf. P. dubia from the Mississippian of Missouri (USA). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 201: 211-219

58. Aberhan, M. and Baumiller, T. K. 2003 Selective extinction among Early Jurassic bivalves: A consequence of anoxia. Geology 31: 1077-1080

57. Baumiller, T. K. 2003. Evaluating the interaction between platyceratid gastropods and crinoids: a cost benefit approach. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 201: 199-209

56. Gahn*, F. J., Fabian, A., and Baumiller, T. K. 2003. Additional evidence for the drilling behavior of Paleozoic gastropods. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 48: 156

55. Gahn*, F. J. and Baumiller, T. K. 2003. Infestation of Middle Devonian (Givetian) camerate crinoids by platyceratid gastropods and its implications on the nature of their biotic interaction.  Lethaia 36: 71-82

54. Hoffmeister, A. P., Kowalewski, M., Bambach, R. K, and Baumiller, T .K. 2003. Intense drilling predation in the Carboniferous brachiopod Cardiarina cordata Cooper, 1956. Lethaia 36:107-118.

53. Baumiller, T. K. 2003 Experimental and biostratinomic disarticulation of crinoids: taphonomic implications. Pp. 243-248. In: J. -P. Féral and B. David (eds), Echinoderm Research 2001. Balkema, Lisse.

52. Eléaume, M., Améziane, N. and Baumiller, T. K. 2003. Developmental mode, egg size, larval size and some evolutionary considerations in comatulids (Crinoidea; Echinodermata).  Pp. 307-315. In: J. –P. Féral and B. David (eds), Echinoderm Research 2001. Balkema, Lisse.

51. Baumiler, T. K. and Gahn*, F. J. 2003. Chapter 10, Predation on crinoids. Pp. 263-278. In: P. Kelley, M. Kowalewski, T. H. Hansen (eds). Predator-prey interactions in the fossil record, Topics in Geobiology 20, Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers, NY.


2002       —————————————————————————————————————————-

50. Baumiller, T. K. and Gahn*, F. J  2002. Fossil record of parasitism on marine invertebrates with special emphasis on the platyceratid-crinoid interaction. In: Kowalewski, M. and Kelley, P. H. (eds), Fossil Record of Predation, Paleontological Society Special Papers 8: 195-209

49. Baumiller, T. K. 2002. Multi-snail infestation of Devonian crinoids and the nature of platyceratid-crinoid interactions. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica 47: 133-139


2001       —————————————————————————————————————————-

48. Kaplan*, P. and Baumiller, T. K., 2001. The misuse of Occam’s razor that trims more than just the fat. Palaios 16: 540-542

47. Baumiller, T. K. 2001. Review of “Fossil Crinoids”, edited by H. Hess, W. I. Ausich, C.Brett, and M. Simms. Historical Biology 15: 173-175

46. Baumiller, T. K. 2001. Light stable isotope geochemistry of the crinoid skeleton and its use in biology and paleobiology. Pp. 107-112. In: Barker, M. (ed), Echinoderms 2000. Balkema, Lisse.


2000       —————————————————————————————————————————-

45. Baumiller, T. K. 2000. Review of “Functional Morphology of the Invertebrate Skeleton” edited by E. Savazzi.  Palaios 15: 256-257

44. Baumiller, T. K. 2000. The Crinoidea.  McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology (

43. Baumiller, T. K. 2000. Inadunata.  McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. (

42. Kaplan*, P. and Baumiller, T. K. 2000. Taphonomic inferences on boring habit in the Richmondian Onniella meeki epibole. Palaios 15: 499-510

41. Plotnick, R. and Baumiller, T. K. 2000. Invention by evolution: functional analysis in paleobiology. Paleobiology 26: 305-321


1999       —————————————————————————————————————————-

40. Baumiller, T. K. 1999.  Enough remains to work with. Science 283: 1271

39. Baumiller, T. K. 1999.  A neovitalist view of evolution. Complexity 4: 39-40

38. Baumiller, T. K. 1999. A new look at the functional morphology of blastoids.  Pp. 243-248. In: M. D. Candia Carnevali and F. Bonasoro (eds), Echinoderm Research 1998. Balkema, Rotterdam.

37. Baumiller, T. K., Leighton*, L. R. and Thompson, D. 1999. Boreholes in Mississippian spiriferide brachiopods and their implications for Paleozoic gastropod drilling. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 147: 283-289

                Commentaries: 2001 Science News159; 362-364; Beyond bones.

36. McClintock, J., Baker, W., Baumiller, T. K. and Messing, C. G. 1999. Lack of chemical defense in two species of stalked crinoids: support for the predation hypothesis for Mesozoic bathymetric restriction. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 232: 1-7


1998       —————————————————————————————————————————-

35. David, J., Messing, C. G., Baumiller, T. K., Améziane, N. and Roux, M. 1998. Mesures directes et modélisation de la croissance rapide d’un crinoïde pédonculé bathyal au large des Bahamas. Comptes Rendu de la Academie des Sciences de la vie, Paris 321: 771-775

34. Schopf*, K. and Baumiller, T. K. 1998. A biomechanical approach to Ediacaran hypotheses:  how to weed the Garden of Ediacara. Lethaia 31: 89-97

33. Ausich, W. I. and Baumiller, T. K. 1998. Disarticulation patterns in Ordovician crinoids: implications for the evolutionary history of connective tissues in the Crinoidea.  Lethaia 31: 113-123

32. Kammer, T. W., Baumiller, T. K. and Ausich, W. I. 1998. Evolutionary significance of differential species longevity in Osagean-Meramecian (Mississippian) crinoid clades.  Paleobiology 24: 155-176

31. Tshudy, D., Baumiller, T. K. and Sorhannus, U. 1998. Morphological change in the clawed lobster Hoploparia (Nephropidae) from the Cretaceous of Antarctica.  Paleobiology 24: 64-73

30. Baumiller, T. K. and Rome*, L. 1998. The interference avoidance hypothesis and the spatial distribution of Endoxocrinus parrae (Crinoidea, Echinodermata), pp. 133-138.  In: R. Mooi  and M. Telford (eds), Echinoderms: San Francisco. Balkema, Rotterdam.

29. Hagdorn, H. and Baumiller, T. K. 1998. Distribution, morphology, and taphonomy of Holocrinus, the earliest post-Paleozoic crinoid, pp. 163-168. In: R. Mooi and M. Telford (eds), Echinoderms: San Francisco.  Balkema, Rotterdam.


1997       —————————————————————————————————————————-

28. Baumiller, T. K. 1997. Crinoid functional morphology, pp. 45-68. In: C. Maples and J. Waters (eds): Paleontological Society Papers 3 (Geobiology of Echinoderms), Paleontological Society.

27. Kammer, T. W., Baumiller, T. K. and Ausich, W. I. 1997. Species longevity as a function of niche breadth:  evidence from fossil crinoids. Geology 25: 219-222


1996       —————————————————————————————————————————-

26. Baumiller, T. K. and Gaździcki, A. 1996. New crinoids from the Eocene La Meseta Formation of Seymour Island, Antarctic Peninsula. Palaeontologia Polonica 55: 101-116

25. Baumiller, T. K. and Ausich, W. I. 1996. Crinoid stalk flexibility:  theoretical predictions and fossil stalk postures. Lethaia 29: 47-59

24. Baumiller, T. K. 1996. Exploring the pattern of coordinated stasis: simulations and extinction scenarios. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 127: 135-145

23. Baumiller, T. K. 1996. Boreholes in Middle Devonian blastoid Heteroschisma and their implications for gastropod drilling. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 123: 343-351


1995       —————————————————————————————————————————-

22. Baumiller, T. K. and Macurda, D. B., Jr. 1995. Borings in Devonian and Mississippian blastoids (Echinodermata). Journal of Paleontology 69: 1084-1089

21. Baumiller, T. K. and Hagdorn, H. 1995. Taphonomy as a guide to functional morphology of Holocrinus, the first post-Paleozoic crinoid. Lethaia 28: 221-228

20. Baumiller, T. K., Llewellyn*, G., Messing, C. G. and Ausich, W. I. 1995. Taphonomy of isocrinid stalks:  influence of decay and autotomy. Palaios 10: 87-95


1994       —————————————————————————————————————————-

19. Baumiller, T. K. 1994. Patterns of dominance and extinction in the record of Paleozoic crinoids, pp. 193-198. In:  B. David, A. Guille, J. P. Féral and M. Roux (eds): Echinoderms through Time (Echinoderms Dijon). Balkema, Rotterdam.

18. Ausich, W. I., Kammer, T. W. and Baumiller, T. K. 1994. Demise of the middle Paleozoic crinoid fauna:  a single extinction event or rapid faunal turnover? Paleobiology 20: 345-361


1993       —————————————————————————————————————————-

17. Baumiller, T. K. 1993. Boreholes in Devonian blastoids and their implications for boring by platyceratids. Lethaia 26: 41-47

16. Baumiller, T. K. 1993. Crinoid stalks as cantilever beams and the nature of stalk ligament. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie and Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 190: 279-297

15. Baumiller, T. K. 1993. Survivorship analysis of Paleozoic Crinoidea:  effect of filter morphology on evolutionary rates. Paleobiology 19: 304-321

14. Ausich, W. I. and Baumiller, T. K. 1993. Column regeneration in an Ordovician crinoid (Echinodermata):  paleobiologic implications. Journal of Paleontology 67: 1068-1070

13. Ausich, W. I. and Baumiller, T. K. 1993. Taphonomic method for determining muscular articulations in fossil crinoids. Palaios 8: 477-484

12. Baumiller, T. K. and LaBarbera, M. 1993. Mechanical properties of the stalk and cirri of a sea lily Cenocrinus asterius. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 106A: 91-95


1992       —————————————————————————————————————————-

11. Baumiller, T. K. 1992. Review of “The processes of fossilization” edited by S.K. Donovan. Quarterly Review of Biology 67: 197

10. Baumiller, T. K. and Ausich, W. I. 1992. The broken-stick model as a null hypothesis for crinoid stalk taphonomy and as a guide to the distribution of connective tissue in fossils. Paleobiology 18: 288-298

9. Baumiller, T. K. 1992. Importance of hydrodynamic lift to crinoid autecology, or, could crinoids function as kites? Journal of Paleontology 66: 658-665


1991       —————————————————————————————————————————-

8. Baumiller, T. K., LaBarbera, M. and Woodley, J. D. 1991. Ecology and functional morphology of the isocrinid Cenocrinus asterius (Linnaeus) (Echinodermata:  Crinoidea):  in situ and laboratory experiments and observations. Bulletin of Marine Science 48: 731-748


1990       —————————————————————————————————————————-

7. Baumiller, T. K. 1990. Non-predatory drilling of Mississippian crinoids by platyceratid gastropods. Palaeontology 33: 743-748

6. Baumiller, T. K. 1990. Physical modeling of the batocrinid anal tube:  functional analysis and multiple hypothesis testing. Lethaia 23: 399-408

5. Kidwell, S. and Baumiller, T. K. 1990. Experimental disintegration of regular echinoids: roles of temperature, oxygen, and decay thresholds. Paleobiology 16: 247-271

1989       —————————————————————————————————————————-

4. Baumiller, T. K. and Plotnick, R. E. 1989. Rotational stability in stalked crinoids and the function of wing plates in Pterotocrinus depressus. Lethaia 22: 317-326

3. Baumiller, T. K. and LaBarbera, M. 1989. Metabolic rates of Caribbean crinoids (Echinodermata), with special reference to deep-water stalked and stalkless taxa. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 93A: 391-394


1988       —————————————————————————————————————————-

2. Plotnick, R. E. and Baumiller, T. K. 1988. The pterygotid telson as a biological rudder. Lethaia 21: 13-27

1. Plotnick, R. E., Baumiller, T. K. and Wetmore, K. 1988. Fossilization potential of the mud crab, Panopeus (Brachyura: Xanthidae) and temporal variability in crustacean taphonomy. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 63: 27-43