Denial of Violence: Ottoman Past, Turkish Present and the Collective Violence against Armenians, 1789-2009. New York: Oxford University Press.
* Winner of the ASA Culture Section 2015 Mary Douglas Best Book Award.
* Honorable Mention at the ASA Comparative Historical Section 2016 Barrington Moore Best Book Award.
The Transformation of Turkey: Redefining State and Society from the Ottoman Empire to the Modern Era. London: IB Tauris Publishers.
Rise of the Bourgeoisie, Demise of Empire: Ottoman Westernization and Social Change. New York: Oxford University Press.
East Encounters West: France and the Ottoman Empire in the Eighteenth Century. New York: Oxford University Press.
İmparatorluğun Batışı, Burjuvazinin Yükselişi: Osmanlı Batılılaşması ve Sosyal Değişme. Ankara: Ayraç Kitabevi.
Contested Spaces in Contemporary Turkey: Environmental, Urban and Secular Politics. London: I.B. Tauris. June 2017.
Women of the Middle East, London: Routledge.
A Question of Genocide: Armenians and Turks at the End of the Ottoman Empire, with Ronald Grigor Suny and Norman Naimark. New York: Oxford University Press.
Social Constructions of Nationalism in the Middle East. Albany: SUNY Press
Political Cartoons in the Middle East. Princeton: Markus Wiener Publishers.
Reconstructing Gender in the Middle East: Tradition, Identity, and Power, with Shiva Balaghi. New York: Columbia University Press.