Categorized as Terms


Meredyth Winter

Related Terms:

  • Sikka (the right to strike coins)
  • Kufic (calligraphic style of Arabic script)
  • Aniconic (absence of figural representation)

Related Khamseen Video:


Day, Florence E. “Dated Ṭirāz in the Collection of the University of Michigan.” Ars Islamica 4 (1937): 420–47.

Glidden, Harold W., and Deborah Thompson. “Ṭirāz Fabrics in the Byzantine Collection, Dumbarton Oaks. Part One: Ṭirāz from Egypt.” Bulletin of the Asia Institute 2 (1988): 119–39.

Grohmann, Adolf, “Ṭirāz,” in Encyclopaedia of Islam, First Edition (1913-1936), Edited by M. Th. Houtsma, T.W. Arnold, R. Basset, R. Hartmann. Consulted online on 06 August 2021. First published online: 2012.

Kühnel, Ernst, and Louisa Bellinger. Catalogue of Dated Tiraz Fabrics: Umayyad, Abbasid, Fatimid. Washington, DC: National Publishing Company, 1952.

Sokoly, Jochen A. “Ṭirāz Textiles from Egypt: Production, Administration and Uses of Ṭirāz Textiles from Egypt under the Umayyad, ʻAbbāsid and Fāṭimid Dynasties.” PhD diss., University of Oxford, 2001.

Spuhler, Friedrich. Early Islamic Textiles From Along the Silk Road. London: Thames and Hudson, 2020.


Meredyth Winter, “Tiraz,” Khamseen: Islamic Art History Online, published 9 December 2021.

Meredyth Lynn Winter (Ph.D., Harvard University, 2020), is a specialist of medieval Islamic material culture and craft. She is currently Mellon Curatorial Post-Doctoral Fellow in Costume & Textiles at the Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2021-2024, and has been appointed Lecturer in Early Islamic Arts at the Courtauld Institute. Recent publications include her collaboration on the Harvard Art Museums exhibition catalog of Islamic tiraz textiles, Social Fabrics: Inscribed Textiles from Medieval Egyptian Tombs, eds. M. McWilliams and J. Sokoly (Cambridge, MA: Harvard Art Museums, 2021).