Publications

Scientific Publications    George W. Kling

    Full CV here:  PDF      [Google Scholar link for pdfs]  

Neilson, B. T., M. B. Cardenas, M. T. O’Connor, M. T. Rasmussen, T. V. King, G. W. Kling.  2018. Groundwater Flow and Exchange Across the Land Surface Explain Carbon Export Patterns in Continuous Permafrost Watersheds.  Geophysical Research Letters 45(15):7596-7605.  doi: 10.1029/2018GL078140

Liu, X., K. Koba, L.A. Koyama, S.E. Hobbie, M.S. Weiss, Y. Inagaki, G.R. Shaver, A.E. Giblin, S. Hobara, K.J. Nadelhoffer, M. Sommerkorn, E.B. Rastetter, G.W. Kling, J.A. Laundre, Y. Yano, A. Makabe, M. Yano, C. Liu.  2018Nitrate is an important nitrogen source for arctic plants.  Proc. National Academy of Sciences.  doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1715382115

Trusiak, A., L. A. Treibergs, G. W. Kling, and R. M. Cory.  2018.  The role of iron and reactive oxygen species in the production of CO2 in arctic soil waters.  Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 224: 80–95.  doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2017.12.022

Cory, R. M. and G. W. Kling.  2018.  Controls on DOM degradation along the aquatic continuum:  the influence of interactions between light, chemistry, and biology.  Limnology and Oceanography Letters 3(3):102-116.  doi: 10.1002/lol2.10060

Thompson, L.R., J.G. Sanders, D. McDonald, et al. and The Earth Microbiome Project Consortium.  2017.  A communal catalogue reveals Earth’s multiscale microbial diversity.  Nature 551:457  doi:10.1038/nature24621

Ward, C. P., S. G. Nalven, B. C. Crump, G. W. Kling, R. M. Cory. 2017Photochemical alteration of dissolved organic carbon in permafrost soils shifts microbial metabolic pathways and stimulates respiration.  Nature Communications 8:8.  doi 10.1038/s41467-017-00759-2

Hobbie, J. E., G. R. Shaver, E. R. Rastetter, J. E. Cherry, S. J. Goetz, K. C. Guay, W. A. Gould, and G. W. Kling.  2017Multiple ecosystem responses to climate change at a Low Arctic and a High Arctic long-term research site.  Ambio 46: S160–S173, doi: 10.1007/s13280-016-0870-x.

Berry, M. A., R. M. Cory, T. W. Davis, M. B. Duhaime, D. Gossiaux, T. H. Johengen, G. W. Kling, J. A. Marino, P. Den Uyl, G. J. Dick, V. J. Denef.  2016Cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms are a biological disturbance to western Lake Erie bacterial communities. Environmental Microbiology. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13640

Gough, L. N. D. Bettez, K. A. Slavik, W. B. Bowden, A. E. Giblin, G. W. Kling, J. A. Laundre, and G. R. Shaver.  2016Effects of Long-Term Nutrient Additions on Arctic Tundra, Stream, and Lake Ecosystems: Beyond NPP. Oecologia, doi: 10.1007/s00442-016-3716-0

Chipman, M., G. W. Kling, C. C. Lundstrom, and F. S. Hu.  2016.  Multiple thermo-erosional episodes during the past six millennia: Implications for the response of Arctic permafrost to climate change. Geology 44: 439–442,  doi:10.1130/G37693.1.

Cory, R. M., T. W. Davis, G. J. Dick, T. Johengen, V. J. Denef, M. Berry, S. E. Page, S. B. Watson, K. Yuhas, G. W. Kling.  2016Seasonal dynamics in dissolved organic matter, hydrogen peroxide, and cyanobacterial blooms in Lake Erie.  Frontiers in Marine Science vol. 3, art. 54, http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2016.00054

Abbott, B. et al. 2016Biomass offsets little or none of permafrost carbon release from soils, streams, and wildfire.  An expert assessment.  Environmental Research Letters 11 034014. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/3/034014

Crumsey, J. M., Y. Capowiez, M. M. Goodsitt, S. Larson, J. M. Le Moine, J. A. Bird, G. W. Kling, K. J. Nadelhoffer.  2015Exotic earthworm community composition interacts with soil texture to affect redistribution and retention of litter-derived C and N in northern temperate forest soils. Biogeochemistry 126:379–395. doi 10.1007/s10533-015-0164-6

Cory, R. M., K.H. Harrold, B. T. Neilson, and G.W. Kling.  2015.  Controls on dissolved organic matter (DOM) degradation in a headwater stream: the influence of photochemical and hydrological conditions in determining light-limitation or substrate-limitation of photo-degradation. Biogeosciences 12:6669-6685.  doi:10.5194/bg-12-6669-2015

Daniels, W. C., G. W. Kling, and A. E. Giblin.  2015.  Benthic community metabolism in deep and shallow arctic lakes during 13 years of whole-lake fertilization.  Limnology and Oceanography 60:1604-1618. doi: 10.1002/lno.10120

Lee, O., H. Eicken, G. W. Kling, and C. Lee.  2015.  A framework for prioritization, design and coordination of Arctic long-term observing networks: A perspective from the U.S. SEARCH Program.  Arctic 68:Supplement 1, doi: 10.14430/arctic4450

Adams, H. E., B. C. Crump, and G. W. Kling.  2015.  Isolating the effects of storm events on arctic aquatic bacteria: temperature, nutrients, and community composition as controls on bacterial productivity.  Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology  doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2015.00250

Kling, G. W., W. C. Evans, and G. Z. Tanyileke.  2015.  The comparative limnology of Lakes Nyos and Monoun, Cameroon. Pp. 401-425, In, D. Rouwet, F. Tassi, J. Vandemeulebrouck, B. Christienson (eds.), Volcanic Lakes, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.  doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-36833-2_18

Cory, R. M., C. P. Ward, B. C. Crump, and G. W. Kling.  2014.  Sunlight controls water column processing of carbon in arctic fresh waters.  Science 345:925-928.  doi: 10.1126/science.1253119

Adams, H. E., B. C. Crump, and G. W. Kling.  2014Metacommunity dynamics of bacteria in a freshwater lake; the role of species sorting and mass effects.  Frontiers in Aquatic Microbiology 5(82):1-10.  doi: 10.3389/fmicb.2014.00082.

Hobbie, J. E. and G. W. Kling, editors. 2014A Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes.  Oxford University Press, 331 pp.

Kling, G. W., H. E. Adams, N. D. Bettez, W. B. Bowden, B. C. Crump, A. E. Giblin, K. E. Judd, K. Keller, G. W. Kipphut, E. R. Rastetter, G. R. Shaver, M. Stieglitz.  2014.  Land-Water Interactions. Pg. 143-172 in J. E. Hobbie and G. W. Kling, editors, A Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes. Oxford University Press.

Oswald, W. W., L. B. Brubaker, F. S. Hu, and G. W. Kling.  2014.  Late-Quaternary Environmental and Ecological History of the Arctic Foothills, Northern Alaska.  Pg. 81-89 in J. E. Hobbie and G. W. Kling, editors, A Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes. Oxford University Press.

Shaver, G. R., J. A. Laundre, M. S. Bret-Harte, F. S. Chapin, III, A. E. Giblin, L. Gough, S. E. Hobbie, G. W. Kling, M. C. Mack, J. C. Moore, K. J. Nadelhoffer, E. B. Rastetter, and J. P. Schimel.  2014.  Terrestrial Ecosystems at Toolik Lake, Alaska.  Pg. 90-142 in J. E. Hobbie and G. W. Kling, editors, A Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes. Oxford University Press.

Luecke, C., A. E. Giblin, N. Bettez, G. Burkart, B. C. Crump, M. E. Evans, G. Gettel, S. MacIntyre, W. J. O’Brien, P. Rublee, and G. W. Kling.  2014.  The Response of Lakes near the Arctic-LTER to Environmental Change.  Pg. 238-286 in J. E. Hobbie and G. W. Kling, editors, A Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes. Oxford University Press.

Hobbie, J. E. and G. W. Kling.  2014.  Ecological Consequences of Present and Future Change in Arctic Alaska.  Pg. 303-324 in J. E. Hobbie and G. W. Kling, editors, A Changing Arctic: Ecological Consequences for Tundra, Streams, and Lakes. Oxford University Press.

Crumsey, J., J. LeMoine, Y. Capowiez, M. Goodsitt, S. Larson, G. W. Kling, and K. Nadelhoffer.  2013Community–specific impacts of exotic earthworm invasions on soil carbon dynamics in a sandy temperate forest.  Ecology 94:2827–2837.

Page, S. E., G. W. KlingM. SanderK. H. HarroldJ. R. LoganK. McNeillR. M. Cory.  2013Dark formation of hydroxyl radical supports high rates of dissolved organic matter oxidation in arctic soil and surface waters. Environment, Science, & Technology 47:12860−12867 DOI:10.1021/es403326

Cory, R. M., B. C. Crump, J. A. Dobkowski, and G. W. Kling.  2013.  Surface exposure to sunlight stimulates CO2 release from permafrost soil carbon in the Arctic.  Proc. National Academy of Sciences 110:3429-3434, doi/10.1073/pnas.1214104110. 10.1073/pnas.1214104110

Crump, B. C., L. A. Amaral-Zettler, and G. W. Kling.  2012.  Microbial diversity in arctic freshwaters is structured by inoculation of microbes from soils.  The ISME Journal 2012:1-11. doi:10.1038/ismej.2012.9

Eugster, W. and G. W. Kling.  2012.  Performance of a low-cost methane sensor for ambient concentration measurements in preliminary studies.  Atmospheric Measurement Techniques 5:1925–1934.  doi:10.5194/amt-5-1925-2012

Merck, M. F., B. T. Neilson, R. M. Cory, and G. W. Kling.  2011.  Variability of in-stream and riparian storage in a beaded arctic stream.  Hydrological Processes DOI:10.1002/hyp.8323.

Adams, H. E., B. C. Crump and G. W. Kling.  2010.  Temperature controls on aquatic bacterial activity and community dynamics.  Environmental Microbiology 12:1319-1333.

Rastetter, E. B., M. Williams, K. L. Griffin, B. L. Kwiatkowski, G. Tomasky, M. J. Potosnak, P. C. Stoy, G. R. Shaver, M. Stieglitz, J. E. Hobbie, and G. W. Kling.  2010.  Processing arctic eddy-flux data using a simple carbon-exchange model embedded in the ensemble Kalman filter.  Ecological Applications 20:1285-1301.

Keller, K., J. D. Blum, and G. W. Kling.  2010.  Stream geochemistry as an indicator of increasing thaw depth in an arctic watershed.  Chemical Geology 273:76-81.

Hecky, R. E., Mugidde, R., Ramlal, P. S., Talbot, M. R., Kling, G. W.  2010.  Multiple stressors cause rapid ecosystem change in Lake Victoria. Freshwater Biology 55:19-42.

Bosch, N. S., T. H. Johengen, J. D. Allan, and G. W. Kling.  2009.  Nutrient fluxes across reaches and impoundments in two southeastern Michigan watersheds.  Lake and Reservoir Management 25: 389-400.

Kling, G. W.  2009.  Lakes of the Arctic.  pp. 577-588  In Gene E. Likens (Editor), Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, volume 2. Oxford: Elsevier.

Schiesari, L., E. E. Werner & G. W. Kling.  2009.  Carnivory and resource-based niche differentiation in anuran larvae: implications for food web and experimental ecology. Freshwater Biology 54: 572-586.

MacIntyre, S., J. P. Fram, P. J. Kushner, N. D. Bettez, W. J. O’Brien, J. E. Hobbie, and G. W. Kling.  2009.  Climate-related variations in mixing dynamics in an Alaskan arctic lake.  Limnology and Oceanography 54: 2401-2417.

Kusakabe, M., T. Ohba, I. Issa, Y. Yoshida, H. Satake, T. Ohizumi, W. C. Evans, G. Tanyileke, and G. W. Kling.  2008Pre- and post-degassing evolution of CO2 in Lakes Monoun and Nyos, Cameroon.  Geochemical Journal 42:93-118.

McNamara, J., D. Kane, J. Hobbie, and G. W. Kling.  2008.  Hydrologic and biogeochemical controls on the spatial and temporal patterns of nitrogen and phosphorus in the Kuparuk River, arctic Alaska.  Hydrological Processes 22:3294–3309, DOI: 10.1002/hyp.6920.

Evans, M. A., S. M. MacIntyre, G. W. Kling.  2008.  Internal wave effects on photosynthesis: experiments, theory, and modeling.  Limnology and Oceanography 53:339-353.

Crump, B. C., H. E. Adams, J. E. Hobbie, G. W. Kling.  2007.  Biogeography of bacterioplankton in lakes and streams of an Arctic tundra catchment.  Ecology 88:1365-1378.  PDF

Williams, E. L., Walter, L., Ku, T.C.W., Baptist, K.K., Budai, J.M., and G.W. Kling.  2007.   Silicate weathering in temperate forest soils: insights from a field experiment.  Biogeochemistry 82:111-126DOI 10.1007/s10533-006-9057-z. PDF

Judd, K. E., B. C. Crump, and G. W. Kling.  2007.  Bacterial responses in activity and community composition to photo-oxidation of dissolved organic matter from soil and surface waters.  Aquatic Sciences 69:96-107.  DOI 10.1007/s00027-006-0908-4.  PDF

Keller, K., J. Blum, and G. W. Kling. 2007.  Geochemistry of soils and streams on surfaces of varying ages in arctic Alaska.  Arctic, Antarctic, & Alpine Research 39:84-98.  PDF

Zak, D. R. and G. W. Kling.  2006.  Microbial Community Composition and Function across an Arctic Tundra Landscape.  Ecology 87:1659-1670PDF

Judd, K.E., B.C. Crump, and G. W. Kling.  2006.  Environmental drivers control ecosystem function in bacteria through changes in community composition.  Ecology 87:2068-2079.  PDF

Allan, J. D., A. S. Flecker, S. Segnini, D. C. Taphorn, E. Sokal, and G. W. Kling.  In Press.  The Limnology of Andean Piedmont Rivers of Venezuela.  J. North American Benthological Soc. 25:66-81  PDF

MacIntyre, S. M., J. O. Sickman, S. A. Goldthwait, and G. W. Kling.  2006.  Physical pathways of nutrient supply in a small, ultra-oligotrophic arctic lake during summer stratification.  Limnology and Oceanography 51: 1107-1124PDF

Zhang, Y. and G. W. Kling.  2006.  Dynamics of lake eruptions and possible ocean eruptions.  Annual Review Earth Planetary Sciences 34: 293-324  doi:10.1146 /annurev.earth. 34.031405.125001.  PDF

Kling, G. W., W. C. Evans, G. Tanyileke, M. Kusakabe, T. Ohba, Y. Yoshida, and J. V. Hell. 2005.  Degassing Lakes Nyos and Monoun – defusing certain disaster.  Proc. National Academy of Sciences 102:14185-14190.  PDF

Judd K.E., H. E. Adams, N. S. Bosch, J. M. Kostrzewski, C. E. Scott, B. M. Schultz, D. H. Wang, and G. W. Kling.  2005.  Transition of a temperate lake in southeastern Michigan from dimictic to meromictic: Implications for spring season nutrient dynamics and community structure.  Lake and Reservoir Management 21(3):316-329.  PDF

O’Brien, W. J., M. Barfield, N. Bettez, A. E. Hershey, J. E. Hobbie, G. Kipphut, G. Kling, and M. C. Miller. 2005. Long-term response and recovery to nutrient addition of a partitioned arctic lake. Freshwater Biology 50 (5): 731-741.  PDF

Castillo, M. M., J. D. Allan, R. L. Sinsabaugh, and G. W. Kling.  2004.  Seasonal and interannual variation of bacterial production in lowland rivers of the Orinoco basin.  Freshwater Biology 49:1400-1414.  PDF

Ramlal, P. S., F. W. B. Bugenyi, G. W. Kling, J. O. Nriagu, J. W. M. Rudd, and L. M. Campbell. 2003.  Mercury concentrations in water, sediment and biota from Lake Victoria, East Africa. J. Great Lakes Research 29:283-291. PDF

Kling, G. W., K. Hayhoe, L. Johnson, J. Magnuson, S. Polasky, S. Robinson, B. Shuter, M. Wander, D. Wuebbles, D. Zak.  2003.  Confronting Climate Change in the Great Lakes Region.  Union of Concerned Scientists, Ecological Society of America; Cambridge, MA, Washington, D.C.  92 pp. PDF

Stieglitz, M., J. Shaman, J. McNamara, V. Engel, J. Shanley, G. W. Kling.  2003.  An approach to understanding hydrologic connectivity on the hillslope and the implications for nutrient transport.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17 (4): art. no. 1105.  PDF

Oswald, W.W., L.B. Brubaker, F.S. Hu, G. W. Kling.  2003.  Holocene pollen records from the central Arctic Foothills, northern Alaska: testing the role of substrate in the response of tundra to climate change.  Journal of Ecology 91:1034-1048.  PDF

Crump, B. C., G. W. Kling, M. Bahr, J. E. Hobbie.  2003.  Bacterioplankton community shifts in an arctic lake correlate with seasonal changes in organic matter source.  Applied Environmental Microbiology 69:2253-2268.  PDF

Williams, E.L., L. M. Walter, T.C.W. Ku, G. W. Kling, D. R. Zak.  2003.  Effects of CO2 and nutrient availability on mineral weathering in controlled tree growth experiments.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles 17(2): Art. no. 1041, doi:10.1029/2002GB001925.  PDF

Eugster, W., G. W. Kling,  T. Jonas, J. McFadden, A. Weust, S. MacIntyre, F. S. Chapin.  2003.  CO2 exchange between air and water in an arctic Alaskan and mid-latitude Swiss lake: the importance of convective mixing.  J. Geophysical Research 108 (D12): art. no. 4362 (ACL7-1 – 7-14). PDF 

Castillo, M. M., G. W. Kling and J. D. Allan.  2003.  Bottom-up controls on bacterial production in tropical lowland rivers.  Limnology and Oceanography 48:1466-1475.  PDF

Loya, W. M., L. C. Johnson, G. W. Kling, J. Y. King, W. S. Reeburgh, K. J. Nadelhoffer.  2002.  Pulse-labeling studies of carbon cycling in arctic tundra ecosystems: the contribution of photosynthates to soil organic matter. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 16(4): art. no. 1101.  PDF

King, J. Y., W. S. Reeburgh, K. K. Thieler, G. W. Kling, W. M. Loya, L. C. Johnson, and K. J. Nadelhoffer.  2002.  Pulse-labeling studies of carbon cycling in Arctic tundra ecosystems: the contribution of photosynthates to methane emission.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles 16(4): art. no. 1062 (10-1 – 10-8).  PDF

Judd, K. E. and G. W. Kling.  2002.  Production and export of dissolved C in arctic tundra mesocosms: the roles of vegetation and water flow.  Biogeochemistry 60:213-234.  PDF

Sheridan, C. C., D. K. Steinberg, and G. W. Kling.  2002.  The microbial and metazoan community associated with colonies of Trichodesmium spp.: a quantitative survey.  J. Plankton Research 24(9):913-922.  PDF

MacIntyre, S., J. R. Romero, and G. W. Kling.  2002.  Spatial-temporal variability in surface layer deepening and lateral advection in an embayment of Lake Victoria, East Africa.  Limnology and Oceanography 47: 656-671.  PDF

MacIntyre, S., W. Eugster, and G. W. Kling.  2002.  The critical importance of buoyancy flux for gas flux across the air-water interface. pp. 135-139 In Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces, M.A. Donelan, W.M. Drennan, E.S. Saltzman, and R. Wanninkhof (Eds.), American Geophysical Union, Geophysical Monograph 127.

Hobbie, J.E., A. Hershey, P. Lienesch, M. McDonald, G.W. Kling, and W.J. O’Brien.  2001.  Studies of fresh waters on the North Slope, pp. 123-128. In: D. Norton (ed.), Fifty More Years Below Zero: Tributes and Meditations for the Naval Arctic Research Laboratory’s First Half Century at Barrow, Alaska.  University of Alaska Press, Fairbanks,  Alaska.

Ramlal, P. S., G. W. Kling, L. M. Ndawula, R. E. Hecky, and H. J. Kling.  2001.  Diurnal fluctuations in PCO2, DIC, oxygen, and nutrients at inshore sites in Lake Victoria, Uganda.  pp. 67-82 In M. Munawar and R.E. Hecky (Eds.), The Great Lakes of the World, Backhuys, Leiden.

Kling, G. W.  2000.  A lake’s life is not its own.  Nature 408:149-150.  PDF

Stieglitz, M., A. Giblin, J. Hobbie, M. Williams, and G. Kling.  2000.  Simulating the effects of climate change and climate variability on carbon dynamics in Arctic tundra.  Global Biogeochemical Cycles 14:1123-1136.  PDF

Kling, G. W., G. W. Kipphut, M. C. Miller, and W. J. O’Brien.  2000.  Integration of lakes and streams in a landscape perspective: the importance of material processing on spatial patterns and temporal coherence.  Freshwater Biology 43:477-497.  PDF

Brown, J., K. M. Hinkel, L. D.  Hinzman, G. W. Kling, F. E. Nelson, V. E. Romanovsky, and N. I. Shiklomonov.  2000.  Arctic Alaska and Seward Peninsula, pp. 182-187 In J. Brown K. M. Hinkel F. E. Nelson (Eds.), The circumpolar active layer monitoring (CALM) program: Research designs and initial results.  Polar Geography 24 (2):165-258.  PDF

Bridgeman, T.B., C. D. Wallace, G. S. Carter, R. Carvajal, L. C. Schiesari, S. Aslam, E. Cloyd, D. Elder, A. Field, K. L. Schulz, P. M. Yurista, and G. W. Kling. 2000. A limnological survey of Third Sister Lake, Michigan with historical comparisons.  Lake and Reservoir Management 16:253-267. PDF

Wolheim, W.M., B.J. Peterson, L.A. Deegan, M. Bahr, D. Jones, W.B. Bowden, A.E. Hershey, G. W. Kling, M.C. Miller.  1999.  A coupled field and modeling approach for the analysis of nitrogen cycling in streams.  J. North American Benthological Society 18:199-221.  PDF

Soranno, P. A., K. E. Webster, J.L. Riera, T.K. Kratz, J.S. Baron, P.A. Bukaveckas, G.W. Kling, D.S. White, N. Caine, R.C. Lathrop and P.R. Leavitt.  1999.  Spatial variation among lakes within landscapes: ecological organization along lake chains.  Ecosystems 2:395-410.  PDF

Hobbie, J.E., B.J. Peterson, N. Bettez, L. Deegan, W.J. O’Brien, G.W. Kling, and G.W. Kipphut.  1999.  Impact of global change on biogeochemistry and ecosystems of an Arctic freshwater system.  Polar Research 18:1-8.

Molau, U., T.R. Christensen, B. Forbes, J.I. Holten, G.W. Kling, and G. L. Vourlitis.  1999.  Climate change effects on northern terrestrial and freshwater ecosystems: Current status assessment.  Global Change Science 1:493-495.

Stieglitz, M., J. Hobbie, A. Giblin, and G. Kling.  1999.  Hydrologic modeling of an arctic watershed: Towards Pan-Arctic predictions.  Journal of Geophysical Research 104, D22, 27507-27518. PDF

Michaelson, G. J., C. L. Ping, G. W. Kling and J. E. Hobbie.  1998.  The character and bioactivity of dissolved organic matter at thaw and in the spring runoff waters of the arctic tundra North Slope, Alaska.  J. Geophysical Research 103:28,939-28,946. PDF 

Reeburgh, W.S., J.Y. King, S.K. Regli, G.W. Kling, N.A. Auerbach, D.A. Walker.  1998.  A CH4 emission estimate for the Kuparuk River Basin, Alaska.  J. Geophysical Research 103:29,005-2,9013. PDF

Peterson, B. J., M. Bahr, G. W. Kling.  1997.  A tracer investigation of nitrogen cycling in a pristine tundra river.  Canadian J. Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences 54:2361-2367.

Rouse, W. R., M. Douglas, R. E. Hecky, A. Hershey, G. W. Kling, L. Lesack, P. Marsh, M. McDonald, B. Nicholson, N. Roulet, J. Smol.  1997.  Effects of climate change on the fresh waters of arctic and subarctic North America.  Hydrological Processes 11: 873-902. PDF

O’Brien, W. J., M. Bahr, A. Hershey, J. Hobbie, G. Kipphut, G. Kling, H. Kling, M. McDonald, M. Miller, P. Rublee and R. Vestal.  1997.  The limnology of Toolik Lake, pp. 61-106 In, A. Milner and M.W. Oswood (eds.), Alaskan Freshwaters.  Springer-Verlag, N.Y.

Hershey, A.E., W.B. Bowden, L.A. Deegan, J.E. Hobbie, B.J. Peterson, G.W. Kipphut, G.W. Kling, M.A. Lock, M.C. Miller and J.R. Vestal.  1997.  The Kuparuk River: A long-term study of biological and chemical processes in an arctic river, pp. 107-129 In, A. Milner and M.W. Oswood (eds.), Alaskan Freshwaters.  Springer-Verlag, N.Y.

Meili, M., G. W. Kling, B. Fry, R. T. Bell & I. Ahlgren.  1996.  Sources and partitioning of  organic matter in a pelagic microbial food web inferred from the isotopic composition  (13C and 15N) of zooplankton species.  Archiv für Hydrobiologie, Advances in Limnol. 48:53-61.

Kling, G. W.  1995.  Land-water linkages: the influence of terrestrial diversity on aquatic systems.  pp. 297-310 In, F. S. Chapin and C. Korner (eds.), The Role of Biodiversity in Arctic and Alpine Tundra Ecosystems, Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 320pp.

Evans, W. C., G. W. Kling and M. L. Tuttle.  1995.  Lake Nyos, Cameroon: Examining the 1986 gas release from the system standpoint.  Pp. 303-306 In Y. K. Kharaka and O. V. Chudaev (Eds.), Water-Rock Interaction, Vol. 8.  A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Hobbie, J., L. Deegan, B. Peterson, E. Rastetter, G. Shaver, G. Kling, J. O’Brien, T. Chapin, M. Miller, G. Kipphut, B. Bowden, A. Hershey and M. McDonald.  1995.  Long-term measurements at the Arctic LTER site.  pp. 391-409 In, T. M. Powell and J. H. Steele (eds.), Ecological Time Series, Chapman & Hall, New York.

Fry, B., D. E. Jones, G. W. Kling, R. B. McKane, K. J. Nadelhoffer and B. J. Peterson.  1995.  Adding 15N Tracers to Ecosystem Experiments.  pp. 171-192 In, E. Wada et al. eds.), Stable Isotopes in the Biosphere, Kyoto University Press, Kyoto, Japan.

Evans, W. C., L. D. White, M. L. Tuttle, G. W. Kling, G. Tanyileke and R. L. Michel.  1994.  Six years of change at Lake Nyos, Cameroon, yield clues to the past and cautions for the future.  Geochemical Journal 28:139-162.

Kling, G. W., W. C. Evans, M. L. Tuttle and G. Tanyileke.  1994.  Degassing of Lake Nyos.  Nature 368:405-406. PDF

Cole, J. J., Caraco, N., Kling, G. W., and T. Kratz.  1994.  Carbon dioxide supersaturation in the surface waters of lakes.  Science 265:1568-1570. PDF

Kling, G. W.  1994.  Ecosystem-scale Experiments in Freshwaters: the Use of Stable Isotopes.  pp. 91-120 In, L. A. Baker (ed.), Environmental Chemistry of Lakes and Reservoirs, Advances in Chemistry Series 237, American Chemical Society, Washington D.C, 627pp.

Reinthal, P. N. and G. W. Kling.  1994.  Exotic species, trophic interactions and ecosystem dynamics: a case study of Lake Victoria.  pp. 295-313 In, D. Stouder, K. Fresh, and R. Feller.  Theory and Application in Fish Feeding Ecology.  University of South Carolina Press, Columbia.

Hershey, A. E., J. Pastor, B. J. Peterson, and G. W. Kling.  1993.  Stable isotopes resolve the drift paradox for Baetis mayflies in an arctic river.  Ecology74:2315-2325. PDF

Meili, M., B. Fry, and G. W. Kling.  1993.  Fractionation of stable isotopes (13C, 15N) in the food web of a humic lake.  Verein. ver. Internat. Limnologie25:501-505.

Evans, W. C., G. W. Kling, M. L. Tuttle, G. Tanyileke, and L. D. White.  1993.  Gas buildup in Lake Nyos: the recharge process and its consequences.  Applied Geochemistry 8:207-221. PDF

Kling, G. W., G. W. Kipphut, and M. C. Miller.  1992.  The flux of carbon dioxide and methane from lakes and rivers in arctic Alaska.  Hydrobiologia240:23-36.

Kling, G. W., B. Fry, and W. J. O’Brien.  1992.  Stable isotopes and planktonic trophic structure in arctic lakes.  Ecology 73:561-566.  PDF

Kling, G. W., W. J. O’Brien, M. C. Miller, A. E. Hershey.  1992.  The biogeochemistry and zoogeography of lakes and rivers in arctic Alaska.  Hydrobiologia 240:1-14.

Tuttle, M.L., P.H. Briggs, W.C. Evans, G.W. Kling, and J.P. Lockwood.  1992.  Influence of mafic minerals on water chemistry and water column stability of Lake Nyos, Cameroon.  pp. 449-452 In, Y. Kharaka and A. Maest (Eds.), Water-Rock Interaction, Vol. 1.  A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam.

Kling, G. W., G. W. Kipphut, and M. C. Miller.  1991.  Arctic lakes and rivers as gas conduits to the atmosphere: implications for tundra carbon budgets.  Science 251:298-301. PDF

Kling, G. W., A. E. Giblin, B. Fry, and B. J. Peterson.  1991.  The role of seasonal turnover in lake alkalinity dynamics.  Limnology and Oceanography36:106-122. PDF

Kling, G. W., W. C. Evans, and M. L. Tuttle.  1991.  A comparative view of Lakes Nyos and Monoun, Cameroon.  Vereinigung ver. Internat. Limnologie 24:1102-1105

Maley, J.,  D.A. Livingstone, P. Giresse, P. Brenac, G. Kling, C. Stager, N. Thouveny, K. Kelts, M. Haag, M. Fournier, Y. Bandet, D. Williamson and A. Zogning, 1991.  West Cameroon quaternary lacustrine deposits: Preliminary results.  Special Volume on African Continental Sediments, Vol. II.  Jour. African Earth Sciences 12: 147-157PDF

Freeth, S. J., G. W. Kling, M. Kusakabe, J. Maley, F. Tchoua, K. Tiezte.  1990.  Conclusions from the Lake Nyos Disaster.  Nature 348:201. PDF

Saunders, J. F. and G. W. Kling. 1990.  Species distributions and shell characteristics of Pisidium (Mollusca: Bivalvia) in the Colorado Front Range: the role of abiotic factors.  Freshwater Biology 24:275-285.

Maley, J., P. Giresse, N. Thouveny, P. Brenac, K. Kelts, D. Livingstone, G. Kling, C. Stager, M. Haag, M. Fournier, Y. Bandet, D. Williamson, A. Zonig. 1990.  Lithostratigraphy, vulcanism, paleomagnetism and palynology of Quaternary lacustrine deposits from Barombi Mbo.  J. Volcanology and Geothermal Research 42:319-336. PDF

Kling, G. W., Tuttle, M. L. and W. C. Evans.  1989.  The evolution of thermal structure and water chemistry in Lake Nyos.  J. Volcanology and Geothermal Research 39:151-166. PDF

Kling, G. W., Tuttle, M. L. and W. C. Evans.  1989.  The safety of Cameroon lakes.  Nature 337:215. PDF

Green, J., and G. W. Kling.  1988.  The genus Daphnia in Cameroon, West Africa.  Hydrobiologia 160:257-261.

Kling, G. W.  1988.  Comparative transparency, depth of mixing, and stability of stratification in lakes of Cameroon, West Africa.  Limnology and Oceanography 33:27-40. PDF

Burney, D. A., R.D.E. MacPhee, J. Rafamantanantsoa, T. Rakotondrazafy, and G. W. Kling.  1988.  The roles of natural factors and human activities in the environmental changes and faunal extinctions of late Holocene Madagascar.  pp.15-20 In, P. Sondaar and M. Sanges (eds.), Early Man in Island Environments.  Sardinia, Italy.

Kling, G. W.  1987.  Seasonal mixing and catastrophic degassing in tropical lakes, Cameroon, West Africa.  Science 237: 1022-1024.  PDF

Kling, G. W., M. Clark, H. R. Compton, J. D. Devine, W. C. Evans, A. M. Humphrey, J. P. Lockwood and M. L. Tuttle.  1987.  The 1986 Lake Nyos gas disaster, Cameroon, West Africa.  Science 236:169-175. PDF

Kling, G. W.  1986.  The physicochemistry of some dune ponds on the Outer Banks, North Carolina.   Hydrobiologia  134:3-10.

Kling, G. W., and M. C. Grant.  1984.  Acid precipitation in the Colorado Front Range: An overview with time predictions for significant effects.  Arctic and Alpine Research 16:321-329.

Last Updated: August 2018

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