Google Scholar Link 


64. Fantone, R.C.; Geragosian, E.; Connor, M.; Shultz, G.V. (2024) “Exploring post-secondary chemistry instructors’ knowledge for teaching 1H NMR spectroscopy”. Chemistry Education Research and Practice. Linked here.

63. Haas, D.B.; Watts, F.M.; Dood, A.J.; Shultz, G.V. (2024) “Analysis of organic chemistry students’ developing reasoning elicited by a scaffolded case comparison activity”. Chemistry Education Research and Practice. Linked here.

62. Watts, F.M.; Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Shultz, G.V. (2024) “Examining the role of assignment design and peer review on student responses to an organic chemistry writing-to-learn assignment”. Chemistry Education Research and Practice. Linked here.

61. Dood, A.J.; Watts, F.M.; Connor, M.C.; Shultz, G.V. (2024) “Automated Text Analysis of Organic Chemistry Students’ Written Hypotheses”. Journal of Chemical Education. Linked here.

60. Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Watts, F.M.; Shultz, G.V. (2024) “Reading, receiving, revising: A case study on the relationship between peer review and revision in writing-to-learn”. Assessing Writing. Linked here.


59. Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Schmidt-McCormack, J.A.; Watts, F.M.; Gere, A.R.; Shultz, G.V. (2023) “Undergraduate Writing Fellow Conceptions of Writing-to-Learn and Quality of Writing”. Across the Disciplines. Linked here.

58. Milne, S.L.; Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Garza, N.F.; Zimmerman, S.C.; Shultz, G.V. (2023) “Capturing students’ identification of the relevance of organic chemistry in writing”. Chemistry Education Research and Practice. Linked here.

57. Zaimi, I.; Dood, A. J.; Shultz, G. V. (2023) “The evolution of an assignment: how a Writing-to-Learn assignment’s design shapes organic chemistry students’ elaborations on reaction mechanisms”. Chemistry Education Research and Practice. Linked here.

56. Fantone, R.C.; Zaimi, I.; Meserve, K.; Geragosian, E.K.; Álvarez-Sánchez, C.O.; Spencer, J.L.; Shultz, G.V. (2023) “Chemistry instructional coaching: Adapting a peer-led professional development program for chemistry graduate teaching assistants”. Journal of Chemical Education. 100 (11) 4343-4350 Linked here.

55. Watts, F.M.; Dood, A.; Shultz, G.V.; Rodriguez, J.G. (2023) “Comparing student and generative artificial intelligence chatbot responses to organic chemistry writing-to-learn assignments”. Journal of Chemical Education. 100 (10) 3806-3817 Linked here.

54. Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Watts, F.M.; Shultz, G.V.; Gere, A.R. (2023) “A Portrait of MWrite as a Research Program: A Review of Research on Writing-to-Learn in STEM through the MWrite Program”. International Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning. 17 (1) 18. Linked here.

53. Maxwell, D.N.; Spencer, J.L.; Teich, E.A.; Cooke, M.; Fromwiller, B.; Peterson, N.; Nicholas-Figueroa, L.; Shultz, G.V.; Pratt, K.A. (2023) “A Guided-Inquiry Activity for Introducing Students to Figures from Primary Scientific Literature” Journal of Chemical Education. 100 (5) 1788-1795 Linked here.

52. Boothe, J.; Spencer, J.L.; Shultz, G.V. (2023) “A Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Solvent Impurity Activity for Undergraduate Chemistry Students” Journal of Chemical Education. 100 (3) 1371-1376. Linked here.

51. Boothe, J.; Zotos, E.; Shultz, G.V. (2023) “Analysis of post-secondary instructors’ pedagogical content knowledge of organic acid-base chemistry using content representations” Chemistry Education Research and Practice. 24, 577-598. Linked here.


50. Dood, A.; Kapotaksha, D.; Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Gere, A.G.; Qian, Z.; Shultz, G.V. “A dashboard to provide instructors with automated feedback on students’ peer review comments.” In Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning-CSCL 2022. International Society of the Learning Sciences, In Press.

49. Watts, F.M.; Dood, A.J.; Shultz, G.V. “Automated, content-focused feedback for a writing-to-learn assignment in an undergraduate organic chemistry course.” In Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning-CSCL 2022. International Society of the Learning Sciences, In Press.

48. Graulich, Nicole, and Ginger Shultz, eds. “Student Reasoning in Organic Chemistry: Research Advances and Evidence-based Instructional Practices.” (2022). Linked here.

47. Andrews, T.C.; Speer, N.M.; Shultz, G.V. (2022) Building bridges: a review and synthesis of research on teaching knowledge for undergraduate instruction in science, engineering, and mathematics. International Journal of STEM Education. 9 (66) Linked here.

46. Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Garza, N.F.; Wilhelm, C.A.; Koutmou, K.S.; Shultz, G.V. (2022) Student Perceptions of Learning in Biochemistry Using a Science Communication Focused Writing Assignment. Journal of Chemistry Education. 99 (10) 3386-3395. Linked here.

45. Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Gere, A.R.; Dowd, J.E.; Thompson, R.J.; Halim, A.S.; Reynolds, J.A.; Schiff, L.A.; Flash, P.; Shultz, G.V. (2022) Postsecondary Faculty Attitudes and Beliefs about Writing-Based Pedagogies in the STEM Clasrroom. CBE-Life Sciences. 21 (3) 1-11. Linked here.

44. Dood, A.; Winograd, B.; Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.; Gere, A.R.; Shultz, G.V. (2022). PeerBERT: Automated Characterization of Peer Review Comments across Courses. 12th International Learning Analytics and Knowledge Conference, 492-499. Linked here.

43. Garza, N.F.; Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Shultz, G.V.; Zimmerman, S.C. (2022) Building Personal Connections to Organic Chemistry Through Writing. Journal of Chemical Education. 99 (4) 1802-1807. Linked here.

42. Watts, F.M.; Park, G.Y.; Petterson, M.N.; Shultz, G.V. (2022) Considering alternative reaction mechanisms: Students’ use of multiple representations to reason about mechanisms for a writing-to-learn assignment. Chemistry Education Research and Practice. (23) 486-50. Linked here.

41. Petterson, M.N.; Finkenstaedt-Quinn S.A.; Gere, A.R.; Shultz, G.V. (2022) The role of authentic contexts and social elements in supporting organic chemistry students’ interactions with writing-to-learn assignments. Chemistry Education Research and Practice. (23) 189-205 Linked here.


40. Spencer, J.L.; Maxwell, D.N.; Erickson, K.R. Sikuaq; Wall, D.; Nicolas-Figueroa, L.; Pratt, K.A.; Shultz, G.V. (2021) Cultural Relevance in Chemistry Education: Snow Chemistry and the Inupiaq Community. Journal of Chemical Education. 99 (1) 363-372. Linked Here.

39. Marks, L., Lu, H., Chambers, T. et al. Writing-to-learn in introductory materials science and engineering. MRS Communications (2022). Linked Here.

38. Winograd, B. A., Dood, A. J., Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S. A., Gere, A. R., & Shultz, G. V. (2021). Automating Characterization of Peer Review Comments in Chemistry Courses. In Hmelo-Silver, C. E., De Wever, B., & Oshima, J. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning – CSCL 2021 (pp. 11-18). Bochum, Germany: International Society of the Learning Sciences. Linked Here.

37. Brandfonbrener, P.B.; Watts, F.M.; Shultz, G.V. (2021) Organic Chemistry Students’ Written Descriptions and Explanations of Resonance and Its Influence on Reactivity. Journal of Chemical Education. 98 (11) 3431-3441. Linked here.

36. Connor, M.C.; Glass, B.H.; Shultz, G.V. (2021) Development of the NMR Lexical Representational Competence (NMR-LRC) Instrument As a Formative Assessment of Lexical Ability in 1H NMR Spectroscopy, Journal of Chemical Education, 98 (9) 2786-2798. Linked here.

35. Zotos, E.K.; Tyo, J.J; Shultz, G.V. (2021) University instructors’ knowledge for teaching organic chemistry mechanisms. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 22 (2) 715-732. Linked here.

34. Winograd, B. A.; Dood, A.J.; Moeller, R.; Moon, A.; Gere, A.; Shultz, G.V. (2021). Detecting high orders of cognitive complexity in students’ reasoning in argumentative writing about ocean acidification. 11th International Learning Analytics and Knowledge Conference, 586-591. Linked here.

33. Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S. A., Polakowski, N., Gunderson, B., Shultz, G. V., and Gere, A. R. (2021). Utilizing peer review and revision in STEM to support the development of conceptual knowledge through writing. Written Communication 38 (3) 351-379. Linked here.

32. Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S. A., Petterson, M., Gere, A., and Shultz, G. (2021). Praxis of writing-to-learn: A model for the design and propagation of writing-to-learn in STEM. Journal of Chemical Education, 98 (5) 1548-1555Linked here.

31.  Watts, F. M and Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S. A. (2021). The current state of methods for establishing reliability in chemistry education research articles. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 22 (2) 565-578.  Linked here.

30. Gupte, T. and Watts, F.M.; Schmidt-McCormack, J.A.; Zaimi, I.; Gere, A.R.; Shultz, G.V. (2021) Students’ meaningful learning experiences from participating in organic chemistry writing-to-learn activities. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 22 (2) 396-414. Linked here.

29. Connor, M.C.; Glass, B.H.; Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Shultz, G.V. (2021). Developing expertise in 1H NMR spectral interpretation. Journal of Organic Chemistry, 86 (2), 1385-1395. Linked here.

28. Garza, N.F.; Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Wilhelm, C.A.; Koutmou, K.S.; Shultz, G.V. (2021). Communicating science to the general public through a biochemistry writing assignment. Journal of Chemical Education. 98 (3) 930-934. Linked here.

27. Watts, F.M.; Zaimi, I.; Kranz, D.; Graulich, N.; Shultz, G.V. (2021) Investigating Students’ Reasoning for Case Comparisons of Acyl Transfer Reaction Mechanisms Over Time” Chemistry Education Research and Practice. 22 (2) 364-381. Linked here.


26. Connor, M.C.; Shultz, G.V. Problem solving using NMR and IR spectroscopy for structural characterization in organic chemistry. In Problems and Problem-solving in Chemistry, Tsaparlis, G., Ed.; The Royal Society of Chemistry.

25. Watts, F.M.; Spencer, J.L.; Shultz, G.V. Writing assignments to support the learning goals of a CURE. J. Chem. Educ. 98 (2) 510-514. Linked here.

24. Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S. A., Watts, F.M., Petterson, M. N., Archer, S. R., Snyder-White, E. P., and Shultz, G.V. (2020). Exploring student thinking about addition reactions. Journal of Chemical Education, 97(7), 1852-1862. Linked here.

23. Watts, F. M., Schmidt-McCormack, J. A., Wilhelm, C. A., Karlin, A., Sattar, A., Thompson, B. C., Gere, A. R., Shultz, G. V. (2020). What students write about when students write about mechanism: Analysis of features present in students’ written descriptions of an organic reaction mechanism. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 21, 1148-1172. DOI: 10.1039/c9rp00185a. Linked here.

22. Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.; Halim, A.; Kasner, G.; Wilhelm, C.; Moon, A.; Gere, A. R.; Shultz, G. V.  (2020). Capturing student conceptions of thermodynamics and kinetics using writing. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 21, 922-939. DOI: 10.1039/c9rp00292h. Linked here.

21. Petterson, M. N.; Watts, Field M.; Snyder-White, Emma P.; Archer, Sabrina R.; Shultz, Ginger V.; Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S. A. (2020). Eliciting student thinking about acid–base reactions via app and paper-pencil based problem solving. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 21, 878-892. Linked here.

20. Zotos, E. K., Moon, A. C., & Shultz, G. V. (2020). “Investigation of chemistry graduate teaching assistants’ teacher knowledge and teacher identity” Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 57(6), 943-967. Linked here.


19. Barnard, R.; Shultz, G.V.* “Most Important is That They Figure Out How to Solve the Problem”: How Do Advisors Conceptualize and Develop Research Autonomy in Chemistry Doctoral Students?” Higher Education. 2019, 1-19. Linked here.

18. Zemke, J.; Shultz, G.V.* “I Wanna Just Google it and Find the Answer” Student Information Searching in a Problem-based Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory Experiment” J. Chem. Educ. 2019, 96, 4, 618-628. Linked here.

17. Schmidt-McCormack, J. A., Judge, J. A., Spahr, K., Yang, E., Pugh, R., Karlin, A., Sattar, A., Thompson, B. C., Gere, A. R., & Shultz, G. V. (2019). “Analysis of the role of a writing-to-learn assignment in student understanding of acid-base concepts” Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 20, 383–398. Linked here.

16. Connor, M. C., Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S. A., & Shultz, G. V. (2019). “Constraints on organic chemistry students’ reasoning during IR and 1 H NMR spectral interpretation” Chemistry Education Research and Practice, Advance Article. Linked here.

15. Moon, A., Moeller, R., Gere, R., & Shultz, G. V. (2019). “Application and testing of a framework for characterizing the quality of scientific reasoning in chemistry students ’ writing on ocean acidification” Chemistry Education Research and Practice, Advance Article. Linked here.

14. Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Snyder-White, E.; Connor, M.; Gere, A.R.; Shultz, G.V.* “Characterizing Peer Review Comments and Revision from a Writing-to-Learn Assignment Focused on Lewis Structures” J. Chem. Educ., 2019, 96(2), 227-237. Linked here.

13. Lutter, J.C.; Hale, L.V.Shultz, G.V.* “Unpacking Graduate Students’ Knowledge for Teaching Solution Chemistry Concepts” Chem. Educ. Res. Pract., 2019, 20, 258-269. Linked here.


12. Moon, A.M.; Gere, A.R.; Shultz, G.V.* “Writing in STEM: Faculty Conceptions of Writing and it’s Role in the Undergraduate Classroom” Sci. Educ., 2018,1-22. DOI: 10.1002/sce.21454. Linked here.

11. Moon, A.M.; Zotos, E.; Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Gere, A.R.; Shultz, G.V.* “Investigation of the role of writing-to-learn in promoting student understanding of light-matter interactions” Chem. Educ. Res. Pract., 2018, 19, 807-818. DOI: 10.1039/C8RP00090E. Linked here.

10. Halim, A.S.; Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.A.; Olsen, L.J.; Gere, A.R.; Shultz, G. V.* “Identifying and Remediating Student Misconceptions in Introductory Biology Via Writing-to-Learn Assignments and Peer Review” CBE-Life Sciences, 2018, 17(2) 1-12. Linked here.

9. Hinds, E.M.; Shultz, G.V.* “Investigation of the Factors that Influence Undergraduate Student Chemistry Course Selection” J. Chem. Educ., 2018, 95(6) 913-919. DOI: 10.1021/acs.jchemed.7b00833. Linked here.


8. Connor, M. C.; Shultz, G.V.* “Teaching Assistants’ Topic-specific Pedagogical Content Knowledge in 1H NMR Spectroscopy” Chem. Educ. Res. Pract., 2017, 18, 113-126. DOI: 10.1039/C7R00204. Linked here.

7. Finkenstaedt-Quinn, S.; Halim, A.; Chambers, T.; Moon, A.; Goldman, R.; Gere, A.R.; Shultz, G.V.* Investigation of the influence of a writing-to-learn assignment on student understanding of polymer properties. J. Chem. Educ. 2017, 94(11) 1610-17. Linked here.


6. Hale, L.V.A.; Shultz, G.V.* The Development of a Tool for Measuring Graduate Students’ Topic Specific Pedagogical Content Knowledge of Thin Layer Chromatography. Chem. Educ. Res. Pract. 2016, 17, 700-710. Linked here.

5. Shultz, G.V.*; Li, Y. Student Development of Information Literacy Skills During Problem-based Organic Chemistry Laboratory Experiments. J. Chem. Educ., 2016, 93 (3) 413-422.


4. Shultz, G.V.*; Winschel, G.A.; Gottfried, A. The Impact of General Chemistry Prerequisite on Student Achievement and Progression to Subsequent Chemistry Courses: A Regression Discontinuity Analysis. J. Chem. Educ. 2015, 92, 1449-1455

3. Winschel, G.A.; Everett, R.K.; Lonn, S.; Coppola, B.P.; Shultz, G.V.* Spectroscopy Jigsaw: Elucidating Molecular Structures Through Cooperative Learning. J. Chem. Educ. 2015, 92, 1188-1193

2. Shultz, G.V.*; Gere, A.R. Writing-to-Learn the Nature of Science in the Context of the Lewis Dot Structure Model. J. Chem. Educ. 2015, 92, 1325-1329

1. Shultz, G.V.; Winschel, G.A.; Inglehart, R.C.; Coppola, B.P.* Eliciting Student Explanations of Experimental Results Using an Online Discussion Board, J. Chem. Educ. 2014, 91(5), 684-686

Shultz publications prior to UM

8. Jennings, D.M.J.; Brady, S. E.; Shultz, G. V.; Zakharov, L. N.; Tyler, D. R.* Ring-opening Polymerization of (CH3)2Si[CpMo(CO)3]2, a Molecule with an –Si(CH3)2– Bridge Between Two Cylcopentadienyl Ligands 2011, Polym. Bull. 68 (9), 2243-2254

7. Thompson, B. C.*; Khlyabich, P. P.; Burkhart, B.; Aviles, A. E.; Rudenko, A.; Shultz, G. V.; Ng, C. F.; Mangubat, L. B.; Polymer-Based Solar Cells: State-of-the-Art Principles for the Design of Active Layer Components 2011, Green 1, 29-54.

6. Brady, S.; Shultz, G.V.; Tyler, D.R.*Step-growth Polymerization of Alkyne Functionalized Molybenum Dimers Using the Huisgen Cycloaddition Reaction J. Inorg. Organometal. Polym. Mat. 2010, 20 (3), 511-518

5. Tyler, D.R.*; Daglen, B.C.; Shultz, G. V. Polymers with Metal-metal Bonds as Models in Mechanistic Studies of Polymer Photodegradation in Macromolecules Containing Metal and Metal-like Elements Vol. 10 John Wiley & Sons (2010) 255-287

4. Shultz, G.V.; Zemke, J. M.; Tyler, D.R.* Preparation of Photoreactive Oligomers by ADMET Polymerization of (Cp(CH2)8CH=CH2)2Mo2(CO)6, Macromolecules 2009, 42 (20) 7644 – 7649

3. Shultz, G.V.; Tyler, D.R.* Preparation of Functionalized Organometallic Metal-Metal Bonded Dimers Used in the Synthesis of Photodegradable Polymers, J. Inorg. Organometal. Polym. Mat. 2009, 19 (4), 423 – 435

2. Shultz, G. V.; Zakharov, L. N.; Tyler, D.R.* Transition Metal-containing Polymers by ADMET: Polymerization of cis-Mo(CO)4(Ph2P(CH2)3CH=CH2)2. Macromolecules 2008, 41, 5555 – 5558

1. Shultz, G. V.; Berryman, O. B.; Zakharov, L.N.; Tyler, D. R.* Preparation of Photodegradable Oligomers Containing Metal-Metal Bonds Using ADMET. J. Inorg. Organometal. Polym. Mat. 2008, 18 (1), 149 – 154