Publications from the E. S. George Reserve


Li, K., Y. He, S. K. Campbell, A. S. Colborn, E. L. Jackson, A. Martin, I. V. Monagan Jr., T. W. Y. Ong, I. Perfecto (2017) From endogenous to exogenous pattern formation: Invasive plant species changes the spatial distribution of a native ant. Glob Change Biol. 2017;1–12.


DeMarco, B.B. and A.I. Cognato. 2016. A multiple gene phylogeny reveals polyphyly among eastern North American Aphaenogaster species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Zoologica Scripta (in press).

Marino, J.A., M. P. Holland, and E. E. Werner. 2016. Competition and host size structure mediate effects of trematode parasites on larval anurans. Freshwater Biology (in press)

Katz, D.W. and I. Ibáñez, 2016. Foliar damage beyond species distributions is partly explained by distance dependent interactions with natural enemies. Ecology (in press)


Bonilla, N. O., & E. G. Pringle. 2015. Contagious seed dispersal and the spread of avian-dispersed exotic plants. Biological Invasions, 17(12), 3409-3418.

DeMarco, B.B. and A.I. Cognato. 2015. Phylogenetic analysis supports the resurrection of Novomessor (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 108: 201-210).

McGuire, J.M, J.D. Congdon, O. Kinney, M. Osentoski, K.T. Scribner. Influences on male reproductive success in long-lived Blanding’s Turtles (Emydoidea blandingii). Canadian Journal of Zoology 93: 487-497.

Sheehan, M.J. et al 2015. Different axes of environmental variation explain the presence versus extent of cooperative nest founding associations in Polistes paper wasps. Ecology Letters. 18: 1057-1067

Teltser, C. and K. R. Greenwald. 2015. Survivorship of Ploidy-variable Unisexual Ambystoma Salamanders Across Developmental Stages. Herpetologica 71(2): 81-87.

Peltier, D. M., & Ibáñez, I. 2015. Patterns and variability in seedling carbon assimilation: implications for tree recruitment under climate change. Tree physiology, 35(1), 71.


Ibáñez, I. and S. McCarthy-Neumann. 2014 Integrated assessment of the direct and indirect effects of resource gradients on tree species recruitment Ecology 95 364-375

Brym, Z. T., D. Allen, & I. Ibáñez. 2014. Community control on growth and survival of an exotic shrub. Biological Invasions, 16(12), 2529-2541.

Kahan, A. Y., W. S. Currie & D. G. Brown. 2014. Nitrogen and Carbon Biogeochemistry in Forest Sites along an Indirect Urban–Rural Gradient in Southeastern Michigan. Forests, 5(4), 643-665; doi:10.3390/f5040643

Marino, J. A., M. P. Holland, and J. Maher. 2014. Predators and trematode parasites jointly affect larval anuran functional traits and corticosterone levels. Oikos. 123: 451-460.

McCauley, S.J., C.J. Davis, E.E. Werner, M.S. Robeson II. 2014. Dispersal, niche breadth and population extinction:colonization ratios predict range size in North American dragonflies. Journal of Animal Ecology 83: 858-865.

McGuire, J.M, J.D. Congdon, K.T. Scribner, and R.D. Nagle. 2014. Female reproductive qualities affect male Painted Turtle (Chrysemys picta marginata) reproductive success. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, 68(10), 1589-1602. DOI 10.1007/s00265-014-1768-x

Sheehan, M.J., J.Jinn and E.A. Tibbetts. 2014. Co-evolution of visual signals and eye morphology in Polistes paper wasps. Biology Letters. 10: 20140254

Sheehan, M.J., M.A. Straub, E.A. Tibbetts. 2014. How does individual recognition evolve? Comparing responses to identity information in Polistes species with and without individual recognition. Ethology. 120: 169-179.

Werner EE, Davis CJ, Skelly DK, Relyea RA, Benard MF, and McCauley. (2014) Cross-Scale Interactions and the Distribution-Abundance Relationship. PLoS ONE 9(5): e97387. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0097387


Belasen, A., E. Burkett, A. Injaian, K. Li, D. Allen, & I. Perfecto. 2013. Effect of Sub-Canopy on Habitat Selection in the Blue-spotted Salamander (Ambystoma laterale-jeffersonianum unisexual complex). Copeia, 2013(2), 254-261.

Congdon, J.D., J. W. Gibbons, R. J. Brooks, Rollinson, Njal, and R. N. Tsaliagos. 2013. Indeterminate growth in long-lived freshwater turtles as a component of individual fitness. Evolutionary Ecology 26:445-459.

Marino, J. and E. E. Werner. 2013. Synergistic effects of predators and trematode parasites on larval green frog (Rana clamitans) survival. Ecology 94: 2697-2708.

McCauley, S.J. 2013. Relationship between morphology, dispersal, and habitat distribution in three species of Libellula (Odonata: Anisoptera). Aquatic Insects 34: 195-204.

McGuire, J.M, K.T. Scribner, and J.D. Congdon. 2013. Spatial aspects of movements, mating patterns, and nest distributions influence gene flow among population subunits of Blanding’s Turtles (Emydoidea blandingii). Conservation Genetics, 14:1029-1042.

Middlemis Maher, J., E. E. Werner, and R. J. Denver. 2013. Stress hormones mediate predator-induced phenotypic plasticity in amphibian tadpoles. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 280 no. 1758 20123075.


Peacor, S D., K. Pangle, L. Schiesari and E. E. Werner. 2012. Scaling-up anti-predator phenotypic responses of prey: impacts over multiple generations in a complex aquatic community. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 279 no. 1726: 122-128.

Steen, D.A., Gibbs, J.P., Buhlmann, K.A., Carr, J.L., Compton, B.W., Congdon, J.D., Doody, J.S., Godwin, J.C., Holcomb, K.L., Jackson, D.R., Janzen, F.J., Johnson, G., Jones, M.T., Lamer, J. T., Langen, T.A., Plummer, M.V., Rowe, J.W., Saumure, R.A., Tucker, J.K., and Wilson D.S. Use of terrestrial habitat by nesting freshwater turtles. Biological Conservation 150: 121-128.

McCarthy-Neumann, S. and I. Ibanez. 2012 Tree range expansion may be enhanced by escape from negative plant-soil feedbacks. Ecology 93 2637-2649.


Brym, Z. T., J. K. Lake, D. Allen, and A. Ostling. 2011. Plant functional traits suggest novel ecological strategy for an invasive shrub in an understory woody plant community. Journal of Applied Ecology 48: 1098-1106. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.02049.x

Yitbarek, S., J. H. Vandermeer, & D. Allen. 2011. The combined effects of exogenous and endogenous variability on the spatial distribution of ant communities in a forested ecosystem (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).Environmental Entomology 40(5): 1067-1073.

Congdon, J.D., O.M. Kinney, R.D. Nagle. 2011. Spatial ecology and core-area protection of Blanding’s Turtle (Emydoidea blandingii). Canadian Journal of Zoology 89: 1098-1106.

Hoverman, J.T., C.J. Davis, E.E. Werner, D.K. Skelly, R.A. Relyea, K.L. Yurewicz. 2011. Environmental gradients and the structure of freshwater snail communities. Ecography 34: 1049-1058.

McGuire, J.M., J.D. Congdon, K.T. Scribner, and J.D. Capps. 2011. Variation in female reproductive quality and reproductive success of male Midland Painted Turtles (Chrysemys picta marginata).Canadian Journal of Zoology 89: 1136-1145.

Raczkowski, J.M., G.M. Luque. 2011. Colony founding and social paratism in Lasiuis (Acanthomyops). Insectes Sociaux 58: 237-244.

Seiter, S.A. 2011. Predator presence suppresses immune function in a larval amphibian. Evolutionary Ecology Resarch 13: 283-293.

Sheehan, M.J. and E.A. Tibbetts. 2011. Condition dependence and the origins of elevated fluctuating asymmetry in quality signals. Behavioral Ecology 22(6): 1166-1172.

Storm, D. J., M. D. Samuel, T. R. Van Deelen, K. D. Malcolm, R. E. Rolley, N. A. Frost, D. P. Bates, B. J. Richards. 2011. Comparison of visual-based helicopter and fixed-wing forward-looking infrared surveys for counting white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus. Wildlife Biology 17(4):431-440.

Tibbetts, E.A. & Sheehan, M.J. 2011. Facial patterns are a conventional signal of agonistic ability in Polistes exclamans paper wasps. Ethology. 117: 1138-1146.

Sheehan, M.J. & Tibbetts, E.A. 2011. Specialized face learning is associated with individual recognition in paper wasps. Science. 334: 1272-1275.


Fraker, M. E. 2010. Risk perception and anti-predator behavior of wood frog (Rana sylvatica) tadpoles: a comparison with green frog (Rana clamitans) tadpoles. Journal of Herpetology 44: 390-398.

Malcolm, K.D, R. Van Deelen, D. Drake, D.J. Kesler, and K.C. VerCauteren. 2010. Contraceptive efficacy of a novel intrauterine device (IUD) in white-tailed deer. Animal Reproduction Science 117: 261-265.

Skelly, D.K., M.F. Benard. 2010. Mystery unsolved: missing limbs in deformed amphibians. J. Exp. Zool. (Mol. Dev. Evol.) 314B:179–181.


Allen, D. N., J. Vandermeer and I. Perfecto. 2009. When are habitat patches really islands? Forest Ecology and Managment 258: 2033-2036.

Fraker, M. E. 2009. Predation risk assessment through chemical cues produced by multiple prey. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63: 1397-1402.

Fraker, M. E. 2009. The perceptual ability of tadpoles limits the accuracy of their predation risk assessment. Behaviour 146: 1025-1036.

Fraker, M. E. 2009. The effect of prior experience on a prey’s current perceived risk. Oecologia 158: 765-774.

McCauley, S.J., C.J. Davis, J. Nystrom, and E.E Werner. 2009. A hump-shaped relationship between isolation and abundance of Notonecta irrorata colonists in aquatic mesocosms. Ecology, 90(9):2635-2641.

Schiesari, L., E.E. Werner, and G.W. Kling. 2009. Carnivory and resource-based niche differentiation in anuran larvae: implications for food web and experimental ecology. Freshwater Biology, 54(3):572-586.

Werner, E.E., R.R. Relyea, K.L. Yurewicz, D.K. Skelly, Davis C.J. 2009. Comparative landscape dynamics of two anuran species: climate-driven interaction of local and regional processes. Ecological Monographs, 79(3):503-521.


Fraker, M. E. 2008. The influence of the circadian rhythm of green frog (Rana clamitans) tadpoles on their antipredator behavior and the strength of the nonlethal effects of predators. American Naturalist 171: 545-552.

Fraker, M. E. 2008. The effect of hunger on the strength and duration of the anti-predator behavioral response of green frog (Rana clamitans) tadpoles. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 62: 1201-1205.

Fraker, M. E. 2008. The dynamics of predation risk assessment: responses of anuran larvae to chemical cues of predators. Journal of Animal Ecology 77: 638-645.

McCauley, S.J. 2008. Slow, fast and in between: habitat distribution and behaviour of larvae in nine species of libellulid dragonfly. Freshwater Biology 53:253-263.

McCauley, S.J., C.J. Davis, and E.E. Werner. 2008. Predator induction of spine length in larval Leucorrhinia intacta (Odonata). Evolutionary Ecology Research 10:435-447.

McCauley, S.J., C.J. Davis, R.R. Relyea, K.L. Yurewicz, D.K. Skelly and E.E. Werner. 2008. Metacommunity patterns in larval odonates. Oecologia 158:329-342.


McCauley, S.J. 2007. The role of local and regional processes in structuring larval dragonfly distributions across habitat gradients. Oikos 116:121-133.

Peacor, S. D., L. Schiesari, and E. E. Werner. 2007. Mechanisms of nonlethal predator effect on cohort size variation: Ecological and evolutionary implications. Ecology 88:1536-1547.

Werner, E. E., D. K. Skelly, R. A. Relyea, and K. L. Yurewicz. 2007. Amphibian species richness across environmental gradients. Oikos 116:1697-1712.

Werner, E. E., K. L. Yurewicz, D. K. Skelly, and R. A. Relyea. 2007. Turnover in an amphibian metacommunity: the role of local and regional factors. Oikos 116:1713-1725.


Bell, B., J.R. Spotila, and J.D. Congdon. 2006. High incidence of deformity in aquatic turtles in the John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge. Environmental Pollution 142: 457-465.

McCauley, S.J. 2006. The effects of dispersal and recruitment limitation on community structure of odonates in artificial ponds. Ecography 29:585-595.

Payne, R. B. 2006. Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea). The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.), 66 pp. Ithaca: Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology; Retrieved from The Birds of North America Online database:

Peacor, S.D. 2006. Behavioural response of bullfrog tadpoles to chemical cues of predation risk are affected by cue age and water source. Hydrobiologia, 573:39-44.

Peacor, S.D., and C.A. Pfister. 2006. Individual size variation in wood frog (Rana sylvatica) tadpoles: the effect of competition and model analysis of size-dependent and size-independent factors. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75:990-999.

Schiesari, L. 2006. Pond canopy cover: a resource gradient for anuran larvae. Freshwater Biology 51:412-423.

Schiesari, L., Peacor, S.D. and E.E. Werner. 2006. The growth-mortality tradeoff: evidence from anuran larvae and consequences for species distributions. Oecologia 149:194-202.

Werner, E.E. and S.D. Peacor. 2006. Interaction of lethal and non-lethal effects of a predator on a guild of herbivores mediated by system productivity. Ecology 87:347-361

Zimmerman, M.S. 2006. Predator communities associated with brook stickleback (Culaea inconstans) prey: patterns in body size. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63:297-309.


McCauley, S. 2005. Differential dispersal propensities between individuals in male Leucorrhinia intacta (Odonata: Libellulidae). International Journal of Odonatology 8(2):223-232.

McCauley, S. 2005. Relationship between habitat distribution, growth rate, and plasticity in congeneric larval dragonflies. Canadian Journal of Zoology 83:1128-1133.

Wund, M.A. 2005. Learning and the development of habitat-specific bat echolocation. Animal Behaviour 70:441-450.


Grant, B.S. 2004. Allelic melanism in American and British peppered moths. Journal of Heredity, 95(2):97-102.

Jedlicka, J, J. Vandermeer, K. Aviles-Vazquez, O. Barros, and I. Perfecto. 2004. Gypsy moth defoliation of oak trees and a positive response of red maple and black cherry: An example of indirect interaction. The American Midland Naturalist:152(2):231–236.

Kita, M., Y. Nakamura, Y. Okumura, S. D. Ohdachi, Y. Oba, M. Yoshikuni, H. Kido, and D. Uemura. 2004. Blarina toxin, a mammalian lethal venom from the short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda: Isolation and characterization. PNAS 101 (20): 7542-7547.

Peacor, S.D. and E.E. Werner. 2004. Context dependence of nonlethal predator effects on prey growth. Israel Journal of Zoology 50:139-167.

Peacor, S.D. and E.E. Werner. 2004. How dependent are species-pair interaction strengths on other species in the food web? Ecology 85:2754-2763.

Sorin, A. B. 2004. Paternity assignment for white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus): Mating across age classes and multiple paternity. Journal of Mammalogy 85(2):356-362
Yurewicz, K.L. 2004. A growth/mortality trade-off in larval salamanders and the coexistence of intraguild predators and prey. Oecologia 138:102-111.


Congdon, J.D., R.D. Nagle, O.M. Kinney, and R.C.V Sels. 2003. Testing hypotheses of aging in long-lived painted turtles (Chrysemys picta). Experimental Gerontology 38(7):765-772.

Peacor, S.D. 2003. Phenotypic Modifications to Conspecific Density Arising From Predation Risk Assessment. Oikos 100:409-415.

Skelly, D.K., K.L. Yurewicz, E.E. Werner, and R.A. Relyea. 2003. Estimating decline and distributional change in amphibians. Conservation Biology 17:744-751.

Werner, E.E. and S.D. Peacor. 2003. A review of trait-mediated indirect interactions in ecological communities. Ecology 84:1083-1100


Grant, B.S., L.L. Wiseman. 2002. Recent history of melanism in American peppered moths. The Journal of Heredity, Mar/Apr.:86-90.

Greiling, D.A., N. Kichanan. 2002. Old-field seedling responses to insecticide, seed addition, and competition. Plant Ecology 159:175-183.

Peacor, S.D. 2002. Positive effect of predators on prey growth rate through induced modifications of prey behaviour. Ecology Letters 5:77-85.

Relyea, R.A. 2002. Local population differences in phenotypic plasticity: Predator-induced changes in wood frog tadpoles. Ecological Monographs 72:77-93.

Relyea, R.A. 2002. Costs of phenotypic plasticity. American Naturalist 159:272-282.

Relyea, R.A. 2002. The many faces of predation: How induction, selection, and thinning combine to alter prey phenotypes. Ecology 83:1953-1964.

Relyea, R.A. 2002. Competitor-induced plasticity in tadpoles: Consequences, cues, and connections to predator-induced plasticity. Ecological Monographs 72:523-540.

Relyea, R.A. and K.L. Yurewicz. 2002. Predicting community outcomes from pairwise interactions: Integrating density- and trait-mediated effects. Oecologia 131:569-579.


Congdon, J.D., R.D. Nagle, O.M. Kinney, and R.C. van Loben Sels. 2001. Hypotheses of aging in a long-lived vertebrate, Blanding’s turtle (Emydoidea blandingii). Experimental Gerontology 36: 813-827.

Hare, J.F., Alloway, T.M. Prudent 2001. Protomognathus and despotic Leptothorax duloticus: Differential costs of ant slavery. PNAS 98 (21): 12093-12096.

Howard, T.G. 2001. The relationship of total and per-gram rankings in competitive effect to the natural abundance of herbaceous perennials. Journal of Ecology 89(1): 110-117.

Peacor, S.D. and E.E. Werner. 2001. The contribution of trait-mediated indirect effects to the net effects of a predator. PNAS 98: 3904-3908.

Relyea, R.A. 2001. Morphological and behavioral plasticity of larval anurans in response to different predators. Ecology, 82(2): 523-540.

Relyea, R.A. 2001. The relationship between predation risk and antipredator responses in larval anurans. Ecology 82(2): 541-554.

Relyea, R.A. 2001. The lasting effects of adaptive plasticity: Predator-induced tadpoles become long-legged frogs. Ecology 82:1947-1955.

Vandermeer, J., B. Hoffman, S.L. Krantz-Ryan, U. Wijayratne, J. Buff, and V. Franciscus. 2001. Effect of habitat fragmentation on gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.) dispersal: The quality of the matrix. American Midland Naturalist 145:188-193.


Anholt, B.R., E.E. Werner, and D.K. Skelly. 2000. Changes in larval activity of four species of ranid frogs in response to food availability and predator density. Ecology 81: 3509-3521.

Cook, L.M.,Grant, B.S. Grant. 2000. Frequency of insularia during the decline in melanics in the peppered moth Biston betularia in Britain. Heredity, 85:580-585.

Eklov, P., and E.E. Werner. 2000. Multiple predator effects on size-dependent behavior and mortality of two species of anuran larvae. Oikos 88: 250-258.

McIntyre, P.B., and S.A. McCollum. 2000. Responses of bullfrog tadpoles to hypoxia and predators. Oecologia 125 (2): 301-308.

Nagle, R.D., O.M. Kinney, J.D. Cogndon, and C.W. Beck. 2000. Winter survivorship of hatchling painted turtles (Chrysemys picta) in Michigan. Canadian Journal of Zoology 78: 226-233.

Nemecek, S. A taste for science. 2000. Scientific American 282(4, April): 24.

Payne, R. B. 2000. Ornithology at the University of Michigan Museum of Zoology: an historical account. In: Contributions to the History of North American Ornithology, vol. 2 (W. E. Davis and J. A. Jackson, eds), pp. 1-58. Nuttall Ornithological Society, Memoirs No. 13. Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Peacor, S.D. and E.E. Werner. 2000. Predator effects on an assemblage of consumers through induced changes in consumer foraging bahavior. Ecology 81: 1998-2010.

Relyea, R.A. and E.E. Werner. 2000. Morphological plasticity in four larval anurans distributed along an environmental gradient. Copeia 1: 178-190.

Relyea, R.A. 2000. Trait-mediated indirect effects in larval anurans: Reversing competition with the threat of predation. Ecology 81 (8): 2278-2289.

Van Buskirk, J. 2000. The costs of an inducible defense in anuran larvae. Ecology, 81(10): 2813-2821.

Van Buskirk, J. and S.A. McCollum. 2000. Functional mechanisms of an inducible defense in tadpoles: Morphology and behavior influence mortality risk from predation. J. Evol. Biol. 13: 336-347.

Van Buskirk, J. and S.A. McCollum. 2000. Influence of tail shape on tadpole swimming performance. The Journal of Experimental Biology 203: 2149-2158.


Anholt, B.R. and E.E. Werner. 1999. Density-dependent consequences of induced behavior. Pp. 218-230. In: Tollrian, R. and C.D. Harvell (eds.). The Ecology and Evolution of Inducible Defenses. Princeton University Press. Princeton.

Avery, B., Shannon, R.D., White, J.R., Martens, C.S., and Alperin, M.J. 1999. Effect of Seasonal Changes in the Pathways of Methanogenesis on the del13C Values of Pore Water Methane in a Michigan Peatland. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 13: 475-484.

Congdon, J.D., R.D. Nagle, A.E. Dunham, C.W. Beck, O.M. Kinney and S.R. Yeomans. 1999. The relationship of body size to survivorship of hatchling snapping turtles (Chelydra serpentina): an evaluation of the “bigger is better” hypothesis. Oecologia, 121: 224-235.

Grant, B.S. Fine tuning the peppered moth paradigm. 1999. Evolution, 53 (3): 980-984.

Relyea, R.A. and E.E. Werner. 1999. Quantifying the relation between predator-induced behavior and growth performance in larval anurans. Ecology 80 (6): 2117-2124.

Skelly, D.K., E.E. Werner and S.A. Cortwright. 1999. Long-term distributional dynamics of a Michigan amphibian assemblage. Ecology, 80(7): 2326-2337.

Van Buskirk, J. and S.A. McCollum. 1999. Plasticity and selection explain variation in tadpole phenotype between ponds with different predator composition. OIKOS (Copenhagen) 85: 31-39.

Werner, E.E. and K. Glennemeier. 1999. The influence of forest canopy cover on breeding pond distributions of several amphibian species. Copeia 1999: 1-12.


Anholt, B.R. and E.E. Werner. 1998. Predictable changes in predation mortality as a consequence of changes in food availability and predation risk. Evolutionary Ecology 12: 729-738.

Grant, B.S., A.D. Cook, C.A. Clarke, and D.F. Owen. 1998. Geographic and temporal variation in the incidence of melanism in peppered moth populations in America and Britain. 1998. The American Genetic Association, 89: 465-471.

Kinney, O.M., R.D. Nagle and J.D. Congdon. 1998. Water transport by nesting painted turtles (Chrysemys picta marginata) in Michigan. Chelonian Conservation and Biology, 3 (1) 71-76.

Payne, R. B. and L. L. Payne. 1998. Brood parasitism by brown-headed cowbirds: risks and costs on reproductive success and survival in indigo buntings. Behavioral Ecology 9: 64-73.

Payne, R. B. 1998. Brood parasitism in birds: strangers in the nest. BioScience 48: 377-386.

Van Buskirk, J. and R.A. Relyea. 1998. Selection for phenotypic plasticity in Rana sylvatica tadpoles. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 65: 301-328.

Van Buskirk, J. and K.L. Yurewicz. 1998. Effects of predators on prey growth rate: Relative contributions of thinning and reduced activity. OIKOS (Copenhagen) 82: 20-28.


Payne, R. B. and L. L. Payne. 1997. Field observations, experimental design, and the time and place of learning in bird songs. In: Social Influences on Vocal Development (C. Snowdon and M. Hausberger, Eds.), pp. 57-84. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Peacor, S.D., and E.E. Werner. 1997. Trait-mediated indirect interactions in a simple aquatic food web. Ecology 78: 1146-1156.

Skelly, D.K. 1997. Tadpole Communities. American Scientist (85):36-44.

Skelly, D.K. and E. Meir. 1997. Rule-based models for evaluating mechanisms of distributional change. Conservation Biology 11(2):531-538.

Van Buskirk, J., S.A. McCollum and E.E. Werner. 1997. Natural selection for environmentally induced phenotypes in tadpoles. Evolution, 51(6): 1983-1992.

White, J.R. and R.D. Shannon. 1997. Modeling organic solutes in peatland soils using acid analogs. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 61 (4): 1257-1263.


Anholt, B.R., D.K. Skelly, and E.E. Werner. 1996. Factors modifying antipredator behavior in larval toads. Herpetologica 52:301-313.

Congdon, J.D. and J.W. Gibbons. 1996. Structure and dynamics of a turtle community over two decades. Long-term studies of vertebrate communities 6:137-159.

Cunnington D.C. and R.J. Brooks. 1996. Bet-hedging theory and eigenelasticity: A comparison of the life histories of loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) and snapping turtles (Chelydra serpentina). Canadian Journal of Zoology 74(2):291-296.

Grant, B.S., Owen, D.F. and C.A. Clark. 1996. Parallel rise and fall of melanic peppered moths in America and Britain. The Journal of Heredity, Sept/Oct.:351-357.

Kielb, M.A. and M.F. O’Brien. 1996. Discovery of an isolated population of Anax longipes in Michigan (Odonata: Aeshnidae). The Great Lakes Entomologist 161-164.

Payne, R. B. and L. L. Payne. 1996. Demography, dispersal and the persistence of partnerships in indigo buntings. In: Partnerships in Birds: The Study of Monogamy (J. M. Black, Ed.), pp. 305-320.

Payne, R. B. 1996. Song traditions in indigo buntings: origin, improvisation, dispersal, and extinction in cultural evolution. In: Ecology and Evolution of Acoustic Communication in Birds (D. E. Kroodsma and E. H. Miller, Eds.), pp. 198-220. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Shannon, R.D., and J.R. White. 1996. The effects of spatial and temporal variations in acetate and sulfate on methane cycling in two Michigan peatlands. Limnol. Oceanogr. 41(3): 435-443.

Shannon, R.D., J.R. White, J.E. Lawson and B.S. Gilmour. 1996. Methane efflux from emergent vegetation in peatlands. Journal of Ecology 84: 239-246.

Skelly, D.K. 1996. Pond drying, predators, and the distribution of Pseudacris tadpoles. Copeia 599-605.

Walter, B.P., M. Heimann, R.D. Shannon, and J.R. White. 1996. A process-based model to derive methane emissions from natural wetlands. Geophysical Research Letters 23(25): 3731-3734.

Wellborn, G.A., D.K. Skelly and E.E. Werner. 1996. Mechanisms creating community structure across a freshwater habitat gradient. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 27:337-363.

Werner, E.E. and B.R. Anholt. 1996. Predator-induced behavioral indirect effects: consequences to competitive interactions in anuran larvae. Ecology 77:157-169.


Anholt, B.R. and E.E. Werner. 1995. Interaction between food availability and predation mortality mediated by adaptive behavior. Ecology 76:2230-2234.

Fisher, D.C. 1995. Experiments on subaqueous meat-cashing. Current Research in the Pleistocene 12:77-80.

Grant, B., Owen, D.F. and C.A. Clark. 1995. Decline of melanic moths. Nature, 373:565.

Nagle, R.D., R.C. van Loben Sels, and J.D. Congdon. 1995. Observations of agonistic and mutualistic interactions between birds and non-avian vertebrates on the E. S. George Reserve, Michigan. The Canadian Field-Naturalist (109):464-466.

Sexton, O.J. 1995. Miscellaneous comments on the natural history of Blanding’s turtle (Emydoidea blandingii). Transactions, Missouri Academy of Science 1-13.

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McCullough, D.R. 1982. Population growth rate of the George Reserve deer herd. J. Wildl. Mgmt. 46(4):1080-l083.

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Wilbur, H.M. 1974. The estimation of population size with equal and unequal risks of capture. Ecology 55:1339-1348.

Wise, D.H. 1974. Egg cocoon of the filmy dome spider, Linyphia marginata C.L. Kock (Araneae: Linyphiidae). J. Arach. 1:143-144.


Botzler, R.G., T.F. Wetzler, and A.B. Cowan. 1973. Listeria in aquatic animals. J. Wildlife Diseases 9:163-170.

Bradshaw, W.E. 1973. Homeostasis and polymorphism in vernal development of Chaoborus americanus. Ecology 54(6):1247-l259.

Smith, A.H. 1973. Notes on Michigan Boletaceae. Persoonia (Rijksherbarium, Leiden) 7(2):321-331.

Talbot, M. 1973. Five species of the ant genus Acanthomyops (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) at the Edwin S. George Reserve in southern Mich. Great Lakes Entomologist 6(1):19-22.

Wilbur, H.M. and J.P. Collins. 1973. Ecological aspects of amphibian metamorphosis. Science 182(4119):1305-1314.


Bradshaw, W.E. 1972. Photoperiodic control in the initiation of diapause by Chaoborus americanus (Diptera: Culicidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 65(3):755-756.

Bradshaw, W.E. 1972. Action spectra for photoperiodic response in a diapausing mosquito. Science 172:1361-1362.

Bradshaw, W.E. and L.P. Lounibos. 1972. Photoperiodic control of development in the pitcher-plant mosquito, Wyeomyia smithii. Canadian J. Zool. 50(6):713-719.

Murdoch, W.W., F.C. Evans and C.H. Peterson. 1972. Diversity and pattern in plants and insects. Ecology 53(5):819-829.

Owen, D.F. 1972. Species diversity in Catocala (Noctuidae) in three localities in North America. J. Lepidopt. Soc. 26(2):105-107.

Talbot, Mary. 1972. Flights and swarms of the ant Formica obscuripes Forel. J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 45(2):254-258.

Wilbur, H.M. 1972. Competition, predation, and the structure of the Ambystoma Rana sylvatica community. Ecology 53:3-21.


Martin, M.M. and J.S. Martin. 1971. The presence of protease activity in the rectal fluid of primitive attine ants. J. Insect Physiol. 17:1897-1906.

Metzgar, Lee H. and Richard Hill. 1971. The measurement of dispersion in small mammal populations. J. Mammal. 52(1):12-20.

Metzgar, Lee H. 1971. Behavioral population regulation in the woodmouse, Peromyscus leucopus. Amer. Midl. Nat. 86(2):434-448.

Talbot, Mary. 1971. Flights of the ant Formica dakotensis Emery. Psyche 78(3):169-179.

Wilbur, H.M. 1971. The ecological relationship of the salamander Ambystoma laterale to its all-female gynogenetic associate. Evolution 25:168-175.


Bradshaw, W.E. 1970. Interaction of food and photoperiod in the termination of larval diapause in Chaoborus americanus (Diptera: Culicidae). Biol. Bull. 139(3): 476-484.

Coblentz, B.E. 1970. Food habits of George Reserve deer. J. Wildlife Mgmt. 34(3): 535-540.

Martin, J.S. and M.M. Martin. 1970. The presence of protease activity in the rectal fluid of attine ants. J. Insect Physiol. 16:227-232.

McCullough, D.R. 1970. Secondary production of birds and mammals. Pp. 107-130 In D.E. Reichle (ed.) Analysis of temperate forest ecosystems. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 304 pp.

Otte, D. 1970. A comparative study of communicative behavior in grasshoppers. University of Michigan Museum of Zoology Miscellaneous Publications 141.

Thompson, W.L. 1970. Song variation in a population of Indigo Buntings. The Auk 87:58-71.

Thompson, W.L. and J.O. Rice. 1970. Calls of the Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea). Zeit. f. Tierpsychol. 27:35-46.

Tyrkus, M. and S.K. Gangwere. 1970. Studies on the feculae of selected Michigan Acrididae (Orthoptera). Mich. Ent. 3(4):118-128.


Belcher, J.W. and W.L. Thompson. 1969. Territorial defense and individual song recognition in the Indigo Bunting. Jack-Pine Warbler 47:76-83.

Brockelman, W.Y. 1969. An analysis of density effects and predation in Bufo americanus tadpoles. Ecology 50:632-644.

Gill, R.W. 1969. Soil microarthropod abundance following old-field litter manipulation. Ecology 50:805-816.

Haney, J.E. 1969. Studies of white-tailed deer. Research News, Office of Research Administration, University of Michigan, 20(2):1-7.

McCullough, D.R., C.E. Olson, Jr., and L.M. Queal. 1969. Progress in large animal census by thermal mapping. Pages 138-147 In P.L. Johnson (ed.) Remote sensing in ecology. Univ. Georgia Press, Athens. 244 pp.


Botzler, R.T., T.F. Wetzler and A.B. Cowan. 1968. Yersinia enterocolitica and Yersinia-like organisms isolated from frogs and snails. Bull. Wildlife Disease Assoc. 4:110-115.

Croon, G.W., D.R. McCullough, C.E. Olson, Jr., and L.M. Queal. 1968. Infrared scanning techniques for big game census. J. Wildl. Manage. 32:751-759.

Evans, F.C. and W.W. Murdoch. 1968. Taxonomic composition, trophic structure and seasonal occurrence in a grassland insect community. J. Anim. Ecol. 37:259-273.

Rice, J.O. and W.L. Thompson. 1968. Song development in the Indigo Bunting. Admin. Behav. 16:462-469.

Sawyer, R.T. 1968. Notes on the natural history of the leeches (Hirudinea) on the George Reserve, Mich. Ohio J. Sci. 68:226-228.

Talbot, M. 1968. Flights of the ant Polyergus lucidus Mayr. Psyche 75:46-52.

Thompson, W.L. 1968. The songs of five species of Passerina. Behavior 31:261-287.

Mitchell, R. 1969. A model accounting for sympatry in water mites. Amer. Nat. 103:331-346.


Gangwere, S.K. 1967. The feeding behavior of Atlanticus testaceus (Scudder) (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 60:74-81.

Imamura, T. and R. Mitchell. 1967. The ecology and life cycle of the water mite, Piersigia limophila Protz. Annot. Zool. Jap. 40(1):37-44.

Kannowski, P.B. 1967. Colony populations of two species of Dolichoderus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 60(6):1246-1252.

McCrum, M.W., W.C. Eveland, T.F. Wetzler and A.B. Cowan. 1967. Listeria monocytogenes in the faces of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). Bull. Wildlife Disease Assoc. 3:98-101.

Mitchell, R. 1967. Host exploitation of two closely related water mites. Evolution 21(1) :59-75.

Talbot, M. 1967. Slave-raids of the ant Polyergus lucidus Mayr. Psyche 74:299-313.


Carlson, R.W. 1966. A new Nearctic Triclistus (Hymenoptera: Ichneumonidae). Mich. Entomol. 1(1):20-22.

Gangwere, S.K. 1966. The behavior of Atlanticus testaceus (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) on the E.S. George Reserve, Mich. Mich. Ent. 1(3):95-100.

Talbot, M. 1966. Flights of the ant Aphaenogaster treatae. J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 39:67-77.


Cantrall, I.J. 1965. Phyllophaga at light traps on the E.S. George Reserve, Mich. Paps. Mich. Acad. Arts and Lett. 50:95-103.

Evans, F.C. and D.F. Owen. 1965. Measuring insect flight activity with a malaise trap. Paps. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts and Lett. 50:89-94.

Gangwere, S.K. 1965. Food selection in the oedipodine grasshopper Arphia sulphurea (Fabricius). Amer. Midl. Nat. 74:67-75.

Mitchell, R. 1965. Analysis of species abundance in a water mite genus. Amer. Nat. 99(905):117-124.

Prescott, K.W. 1965. The Scarlet Tanager. New Jersey State Museum Investigations 2: x 159 pp.

Sexton, O.J. 1965. The annual cycle of growth and shedding in the Midland painted turtle, Chrysemys picta marginata. Copeia 1965 (3):314-318.

Talbot, M. 1965. Populations of ants in a low field. Insectes Sociauxs 12:19-48.

Wiegert, R.G. 1965. Intraspecific variation in calories of meadow spittlebugs (Philaenus spumarius L.) BioScience 15:543-545.

Wiegert, R.G. 1965. Energy dynamics of the grasshopper population in old field and alfalfa field ecosystems. Oikos 16:161-176.


Evans, F.C. 1964. The food of Vesper, Field and Chipping Sparrows nesting in an abandoned field in southeastern Mich. Amer. Midl. Nat. 72:57-75.

Mitchell, R. 1964. An approach to the classification of water mites. Acarologia, fasc. h.s. 1964:75-79.

Mitchell, R. 1964. A study of sympatry in the water mite genus Arrenurus. Ecology 45:546-558.

Ortleb, E.P. and O.J. Sexton. 1964. Orientation of the painted turtle, Chrysemys picta. Amer. Midl. Nat. 71:320-334.

Talbot, M. 1964. Nest structure and flights of the ant Formica obscuriventris. Anim. Behav. 12:154-158.

Wecker, S. C. (1964). Habitat selection. Scientific American211(4), 109-117

Wiegert, R.G. 1964. Population energetics of meadow spittlebugs (Philaenus spumarius L.) as affected by migration and habitat. Ecol. Monogr. 34:217-241.

Wiegert, R.G. 1964. The ingestion of xylem sap by meadow spittlebugs, Philaenus spumarius (L.). Amer. Midl. Nat. 71:422-428.


Meseth, E.H. and O.J. Sexton. 1963. Response of painted turtles, Chrysemys picta, to removal of surface vegetation. Herpetologica 19(1):52-56.

Owen, D.F. and M.S. Adams. 1963. The evolution of melanism in a population of Catocala ilia (Noctuidae). J. Lepidop. Soc. 17(3):159-160.

Talbot, M. 1963. Local distribution and flight activities of four species of ants of the genus Acanthomyops Mayr. Ecology 44(3):549-557.

Wecker, S.C. 1963. The role of early experience in habitat selection by the prairie deer mouse, Peromyscus maniculatus bairdi. Ecol. Monogr. 33:307-325.


Chase, W.W. and D.H. Jenkins. 1962. Productivity of the George Reserve deer herd. Pp. 78-88 In Proc. 1st Natl. White-tailed Deer Symposium, Univ. Georgia, Athens.

Owen, D.F. 1962. The evolution of melanism in six species of North American geometrid moths. Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 55:695-703.

Owen, D.F. and R.G. Wiegert. 1962. Balanced polymorphism in the meadow spittlebug Philaenus spumarius. Amer. Nat. 96:353-359.

Wiegert, R.G. 1962. The selection of an optimum quadrat size for sampling the standing crop of grasses and forbs. Ecology 43:125-129.

Wenner, A.M. 1962. Sound production during the waggle dance of the honey bee. Anim. Behavior 10(1-2):79-95.


Cooper, A.W. 1961. Relationships between plant life-forms and microclimate in southeastern Mich. Ecol. Monogr. 31:31-59.

Engelmann, M.D. 1961. The role of soil arthropods in the energetics of an old field community. Ecol. Monogr. 31:221-238.

Gangwere, S.K. 1961. A monograph on food selection in Orthoptera. Trans. Amer. Ent. Soc. 87:(2-3):67-230.

Howard, W.E. and F.C. Evans. 1961. Seeds stored by prairie deer mice. J. Mammal. 42:260-263.

Mitchell, R. 1961. Behavior of the larvae of Arrenurus fissicornis Marshall, a water mite parasitic on dragonflies. Anim. Behav. 9(3-4):220-224.

Owen, D.F. 1961. Industrial melanism in North American moths. Amer. Nat. 95:227-233.

Talbot, M. 1961. Mounds of the ant Formica ulkei at the Edwin S. George Reserve, Livingston County, Mich. Ecology 42(1):202-205.

Wenner, A.M. 1961. A method of training bees to visit a feeding station. Bee World 42(1):8-11.


Cooper, A.W. 1960. A further application of length-width values to the determination of leaf-size classes. Ecology 41(4):810-811.

Dawson, W.R. and F.C. Evans. 1960. Relation of growth and development to temperature regulation in nestling Field and Chipping Sparrows. Physiol. Zool. 30:315-327.

Dawson, W.R. and F.C. Evans. 1960. Relation of growth and development to temperature regulation in nestling Vesper Sparrows. The Condor 62:329-340.

Evans, F.C. and U.N. Lanham. 1960. Distortion of the pyramid of numbers in a grassland insect community. Science 131(3412):1531-1532.

Lanham, U.N. and F.C. Evans. 1960. Observations on the scelionid component of a grassland insect fauna. Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 55:84-87.

Mitchell, R. 1960. The evolution of thermaphilous water mites. Evolution 14(3):361-377.

Murchie, W.R. 1960. Biology of the Oligochaete Bimastos zeteki Smith and Gittins (Lumbricidae) in northern Mich. Amer. Midl. Nat. 64(1):194-216.

Sutton, G.M. 1960. The nesting fringillids of the Edwin S. George Reserve, southeastern Michigan (parts 5-7). Jack-Pine Warbler 38: 2-15,46-65, 125-139.


Hairston, N.G. 1959. Species abundance and community organization. Ecology 40: 404-416.

Jenkins, D.H. and I.H. Bartlett. 1959. Michigan Whitetails. Bull. Game Div. Mich. Dept. Conserv. 80 pages.

Kannowski, P.B. 1959. The use of radioactive phosphorus in the study of colony distribution of the ant Lasius minutus. Ecology 40:162-165.

Kannowski, P.B. 1959. The flight activities of Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) traschenbergi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 52:755-760.

Kannowski, P.B. 1959. The flight activities and colony-founding behavior of bog ants in southeastern Mich. Insectes Sociaux 6(2):115-162.

Mitchell, R. 1959. Life histories and larval behavior of arrenurid water-mites parasitizing Odonata. J.N.Y. Ent. Soc. 67:1-12.

Mumford, R.E. 1959. Cowbird parasitizes nest containing young. The Auk 76:367-368.

Pruitt, W.O., Jr. 1959. Microclimates and local distribution of small mammals on the George Reserve, Mich. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 109:1-28.

Sexton, O.J. 1959. Spatial and temporal movements of a population of the painted turtle Chrysemys picta marginata (Agassiz). Ecol. Monogr. 29:113-140.

Sexton, O.J. 1959. A method of estimating the age of painted turtles for use in demographic studies. Ecology 40:716-718.

Sutton, G.M. 1959. The nesting fringillids of the Edwin S. George Reserve, southeastern Michigan. (parts 1-4). Jack-Pine Warbler 37: 1-11, 36-50, 77-101, 127-151.

Talbot, M. 1959. Flight activities of two species of ants of the genus Formica. Amer. Midl. Nat. 61:124-232.


Crane, H.R. 1958. (Note on radiocarbon dating of material from Hidden Lake). Science 128:1117-1123.

Gangwere, S.K. 1958. Notes on the feeding periodicity of various Orthoptera. Paps. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts and Lett. 43:119-132 (157).

Kannowski, P.B. 1958. Swarming of the ant Stenamma brevicorne (Mayr). Ent. News 69:231-233.

Mitchell, R. 1958. Sperm transfer in the water-mite Hydryphantes rubar Geer. Amer. Midl. Nat. 60(1):156-l58.

Mumford, R.E. 1958. Yellow-throated Warbler collected in Mich. Jack-Pine Warbler 36:177.

Mumford, R.E. and R.L. Zusi. 1958. Notes on movements, territory and habitat of wintering Saw-whet Owls. Wilson Bull. 70:188-191.

Sexton, O.J. 1958. The relationship between the habitat preferences of hatchling Chelzdra serpentina and the physical structure of the vegetation. Ecology 39:751-754.


Dawson, W.R. and F.C. Evans. 1957. Relation of growth and development to temperature regulation in nestling Field and Chipping Sparrows. Physiol. Zool. 30:315-327.

Mitchell, R. 1957. The mating behavior of pionid water mites. Amer. Midl. NMat. 58:360-366.

Mitchell, R. 1957. The major evolutionary lines in water mites. Syst. Zool. 6:137-148.

Mitchell, R. 1957. Locomotor adaptations of the family Hydryphantidae (Hydrachnellae, Acari). Abh. naturw. Ver. Bremen 35(l):75-100.

Sexton, O.J. 1957. Notes concerning turtle hatchlings. Copeia 1957:229-230.

Talbot, M. 1957. Population studies of the slave-making ant Leptothorax duloticus on its slave Leptothorax curvispinosus. Ecology 38:449-456.


Clark, P.J. 1956. Grouping in spatial distributions. Science 123:373-374.

Snyder, D.P. 1956. Survival rates, longevity and population fluctuations in the white-footed mouse, Peromyscus leucopus, in southeastern Mich. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 95:1-33.

Talbot, M. 1956. Flight activities of the ant Dolichoderus (Hypoclinea) mariae Forel. Psyche 63:134-139.


Bailey, R.M. 1955. Differential mortality from high temperature in a mixed population of fishes from southern Mich. Ecology 36:526-528.

Clark, P.J. and F.C. Evans. 1955. On some aspects of spatial pattern in biological populations. Science 121:397-398.

Evans, F.C. and E. Dahl. 1955. The vegetational structure of an abandoned field in southeastern Michigan and its relation to environmental factors. Ecology 36:684-706.

Evans, F.C., P.J. Clark, and R.H. Brand. 1955. Estimation of the number of species present on a given area. Ecology 36:342-343.

Wilson, E.O. 1955. A monographic revision of the ant genus Lasius. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard Univ. 113.
Anderson, S.T. 1954. A late-glacial pollen diagram from southern Michigan, U.S.A. Danmarks Geolisk. Undersog. II. Roekke Nr. 80:140-155.

Clark, P.J. and F.C. Evans. 1954. Distance to nearest neighbor as a measure of spatial relationships in populations. Ecology 35:445-453.

Hairston, N.G. and G.W. Byers. 1954. The soil arthropods of a field in southern Michigan: a study in community ecology. Contrib. Lab. Vert. Biol. Univ. Mich. 64:1-37.

Pruitt, W.O., Jr. 1954. Rutting behavior of the white-tail deer (Odocoileus virginianaus). J. Mammal. 35:129-130.
Remy, P.A. 1954. Wuelques pauropodes de Mich. Rev. Francais d’Ent. 21:125-131.

Talbot, M. 1954. Populations of the ant Aphaenogaster (Attomyrma) treatae Forel on abandoned fields of the Edwin S. George Reserve. Contrib. Lab. Vert. Biol. Univ. Mich. 69:1-9.


Dice, L.R. and P.J. Clark. 1953. The statistical concept of home range as applied to the recapture radius of the deermouse (Peromyscus). Contrib. Lab. Vert. Biol. Univ. Mich. 62:1-15.

Talbot, M. 1953. Ants of an old-field community on the Edwin S. George Reserve, Livingston County, Mich. Contrib. Lab. Vert. Biol. Univ. Mich. 63:1-13.

Young, F.N. 1953. A new Hydroporus from Michigan, with notes on other members of the Hydroporus vilis group (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 48:116-122.

Young, F.N. 1953. A new species of Bidessus from southern Michigan (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae). Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 48:111-112.


Allen, R.W. and M.M. Nice. 1952. A study of the breeding biology of the Purple Martin (Progne subis). Amer. Midl. Nat. 47:606-665.

Beebe, R. 1952. Sampling Michigan Lepidoptera by the fixed light trap. Lepidop. News 7:28.

Bohnsack, K. 1952. Terrestrial hibernation of the bullfrog Rana catesbiana Shaw. Copeia 1952:114.

Cain, S.A. and F.C. Evans. 1952. The distribution patterns of three plant species in an old field community in southeastern Mich. Contrib. Lab. Vert. Biol. Univ. Mich. 52:1-11.

Dice, L.R. 1952. Measure of the spacing between individuals within a population. Contrib. Lab. Vert. Biol. Univ. Mich. 55:1-23.

Evans, F.C. and S.A. Cain. 1952. Preliminary studies on the vegetation of an old- field community in southeastern Mich. Contrib. Lab. Vert. Biol. Univ. Mich. 51:1-17.

Evans, F.C. 1952. The influence of size of quadrat n the distributional patterns of plant populations. Contrib. Lab. Vert. Biol. Univ. Mich. 54:1-15.

Thomson, G.W. 1952. Measures of plant aggregation based on contagious distribution. Contrib. Lab. Vert. Biol. Univ. Mich. 53:1-17.

Wirth, W.W. 1952. The genus Alluadomyia Kieffer in North America (Diptera: Heleidae). Ann. Ent. Soc. Amer. 45:423-434.


Bohnsack, K. 1951. Temperature data on the terrestrial hibernation of the green frog Rana clamitans. Copeia (3):236-239.

Burt, W.H. 1951. Report of small mammal census made in 1950. Pp. 74-75, 122 In Calhoun, J.B. North America Census of Small Mammals, Release No. 4 (R.B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME).

Dice, L.R. and W.E. Howard. 1951. Distance of dispersal by prairie deermice from birthplaces to breeding sites. Contrib. Lab. Vert. Biol. Univ. Mich. 50:1-15.

Evans, F.C. 1951. Notes on a population of the striped ground squirrel (Citellus tridecemlineatus) in an abandoned field in southeastern Mich. J. Mammal. 32:437-449.

Hamerstrom, F.N., Jr. and F. Hamerstrom. 1951. Food of young raptors on the Edwin S. George Reserve. Wilson Bull. 63:16-25.

Levi, H.W. 1951. New and rare spiders from Wisconsin and adjacent states. Amer. Mus. Novitates 1501:1-41.

Snyder, D. 1951. Breeding bird census of young oak-hickory forest. Audubon Field Notes. 4:297.


Burt, W.H. 1950. Report of small mammal census made in 1949. Pp. 39-40. In Calhoun, J.B. North American Census of Small Mammals, Release No. 3 (R.B. Jackson Memorial Laboratory, Bar Harbor, ME).

Hamerstrom, F.N., Jr. and F.L. Camburn. 1950. Weight relationships in the George Reserve deer herd. J. Mammal. 31:5-17.
O’Roke, E.C. and E.L. Cheatum. 1950. Experimental transmission of the deer lungworm Leptostrongylus alpenae. Cornell Veterinarian 40:315-323.

Snyder, D. 1950. Breeding bird census in young oak-hickory forest. Audubon Field Notes 4:223.

Steyskal, G.C. 1950. The genus Sepedon Latreille in the Americas (Diptera: Sciomyzidae). Wasman J. Biol. 8:271-297.


Burt, W.H. 1949. Report of small mammal census made in 1948. Pp. 33-34 In Calhoun, J.B. North American Census of Small Mammals, Release No. 2, Rodent Ecology Project, John Hopkins University.

Howard, W.B. 1949. Dispersal, amount of inbreeding, and longevity in a local population of prairie deer mice on the George Reserve, southern Mich. Contrib. Lab. Vert. Biol. Univ. Mich. 43:1-50.

Snyder, D. 1949. Breeding bird census in young oak-hickory forest. Audubon Field Notes 3:261-262.

Sutton, G.M. 1949. Studies of the nesting birds of the Edwin S. George Reserve. Part I. The Vireos. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 74:1-37.


Blair, W.F. 1948. Population density, life span, and mortality rates of small mammals in the blue-grass meadow and blue-grass field associations of southern Mich. Amer. Midl. Nat. 40:395-419.

Dice, L.R. 1948. Relationship between frequency index and population density. Ecology 29:389-391.

Newman, J.H. 1948. A new noctuid from Michigan and Tennessee (Lepidoptera). University of Michigan Museum of Zoology, Occasional Papers 509.

O’Roke, E.G. and F.N. Hamerstrom. Productivity and yield of the George Reserve deer herd. J. Wildlife Mgmt. 12:78-86.

Sutton, G.M. 1948. The juvenile plumage of the Eastern Warbling Vireo (Vireo gilvus gilvus). Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 511:1-5.


Brandt, A.E. 1947. The rearing of a Cowbird by Acadian Flycatchers. Wilson Bull. 59:79-82.

Hamerstrom, F. 1947. House Wren feeding a Cowbird. Wilson Bull. 59:114.

Kelker, G.H. 1947. Computing the rate of increase for deer. J. Wildlife Mgmt. 11:177-183.

Prescott, K.W. 1947. Unusual behavior of a Cowbird and Scarlet Tanager at a Red-eyed Vireo Nest. Wilson Bull. 59:210.


Smith, A.H. and R. Singer. 1944. A monograph on the genus Cystoderma. Paps. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts and Lett. 30:71-124.


Cantrall, I.J. 1943. The ecology of the Orthoptera and Dermaptera of the George Reserve, Mich. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 54:1-182.

Leopold, A. 1943. Deer irruptions. Wis. Conserv. 8:3-11.

Sutton, G.M. 1943. Notes on the behavior of certain captive young fringillids. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 474:1-14.


Dice, L.R. 1942. A family of dog-coyote hybrids. J. Mammal. 23:186-192.

Rogers, J. S. 1942. The crane flies (Tipulidae) of the George Reserve, Michigan. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 53:1-128.


Goble, F.C. 1941. Tissue changes in white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus borealis) accompanying natural infections of lungworms (Genera Protostrongylys and Dictyocaulus). J. Wildlife Mgmt. 5:141-158.

Nichilson, A.J. 1941. The homes and social habits of the wood-mouse (Peromyscus leucopus noveboracensis) in southern Mich. Amer. Midl. Nat. 25:196-223.

Steyskal, G.C. 1941. Odontomyia records. Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 36:125.

Sutton, G.M. 1941. The juvenal plumage and postjuvenal molt of the Vesper Sparrow. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 445:1-10.

Sutton, G.M. 1941. The plumage and molts of the young Eastern Whippoorwill. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 446:1-6.

Sutton, G.M. 1941. Crousty, the story of a redbird, parts 1, 2. Audubon Magazine 43:161-168, 270-278.

Van Tyne, J. 1941. Christmas census for 1940: Edwin S. George Reserve, Pinckney, Mich. Bird Lore, Suppl. to (43)1:121.


Blair, W.F. 1940. A study of prairie deer-mouse populations in southern Mich. Amer. Midl. Nat. 24:273-305.

Blair, W.F. 1940. Home ranges and populations of the meadow vole in southern Mich. J. Wildlife Mgmt. 4:149-161.

Blair, W.F. 1940. Notes on home ranges and populations of the short-tailed shrew. Ecology 21:244-250.

Blair, W.F. 1940. Home ranges and populations of the jumping mouse. Amer. Midl. Nat. 23:244-250.

Burt, W.H. 1940. Territorial behaviour and populations of some small mammals in southern Mich. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 45:1-58.

Hickie, P. 1940. Cottontails in Mich. Bull. Game Div. Mich. Dept. Conserv. 1940:1-109.

Van Tyne, J. 1940. Christmas census for 1939: Edwin S. George Reserve, Pinckney, Mich. Bird Lore, Suppl. to 42(1):108.


Archer, A.F. 1939. The ecology of the Mollusca of the Edwin S. George Reserve, Livingston County, Mich. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 398:1-24.

Blair, W.F. 1939. A swimming and diving meadow vole. J. Mammal. 20-375.

Hyde, A.S. 1939. The life history of Henslow’s Sparrow, Passerhebulus henslowi (Audubon). Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 41:1-72.

Moore, S. and G.W. Rawson. 1939. A new noctuid from Mich. Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 395:1-2.

Van Tyne, J. 1939. Christmas census for 1938: Edwin S. George Reserve, Pinckney, Mich. Bird Lore, Suppl. to 41:38.


Bartlett, I.H. 1938. White-tails presenting Michigan’s deer problem. Bull. Game Div. Mich. Dept. Conserv. Oct. 1938:1-64.

Kanouse, B.B. 1938. Notes on new or unusual Michigan Discomycetes V. Paps. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts and Lett.. 23:149-154 (1937).

Smith, A.H. 1938. Unusual agarics from Michigan V. Paps. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts and Lett. 23:215-222 (1937).

Steyskal, G.C. 1938. Unusual pentatomid records. Bull. Brooklyn Ent. Soc. 33:201.

Van Tyne, J. 1938. Christmas census for 1937: Edwin S. George Reserve, Pinckney, Mich. Bird Lore 40:55-56.


Hatt, R.T. 1937. Call of the white-tail fawn. J. Mammal. 18:105.

Hickie, P. 1937. Four deer produce 160 in six seasons. Mich. Conserv. 7:6-7, 11.

Kanouse, B.B. 1937. Notes on new or unusual Michigan Discomycetes IV. Paps. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts and Lett. 22:117-122 (1936).

Nicholson, A.J. 1937. A hibernating jumping mouse. J. Mammal. 18:103.

Smith, A.H. 1937. Unusual agarics from Michigan IV. Paps. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts and Lett. 22:215-223 (1936).

Sutton, G.M. 1937. The juvenal plumage and postjuvenal molt of the Chipping Sparrow, Occ. Paps. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 355:1-5.


Lincoln, F.C. 1936. Recoveries of banded birds of prey. Bird Banding 7:38-45.

Murie, A. 1936. Following fox trails. Misc. Publ. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 32:1-45.

O’Roke, E.C. 1936. The lungworm situation in the white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus borealis) in Mich. Proc. North Amer. Wildlife Conf. 1936:473-478.

O’Roke, E.C. 1936. Sickle cell anemia in deer. Proc. Soc. Exper. Biol. and Med. 34:738-739.

Sutton, G.M. 1936. The postjuvenal molt of the Grasshopper Sparrow. Occas. Paps. Mus. Zool. Univ. Mich. 336:1-7.


Landwer, M.F. 1935. An outside nest of a flying squirrel. J. Mammal. 16:67.

Mains, E.B. 1935. Michigan Fungi I. Paps. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts and Lett. 20:81-93. (1934).

Smith, A.H. 1935. Unusual agarics from Michigan II. Paps. Mich. Acad. Sci. Arts and Lett. 20:171-183 (1934).

Sutton, G.M. 1935. The juvenal plumage and postjuvenal molt in several species of Michigan sparrows. Bull. Cranbrook Inst. Sci. 3:1-36.


Smith, A.H. 1934. New and unusual agarics from Mich. Ann. Mycol. 32:471-484.